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mais n'ont pas d'effets néfastes pour l'organisme dans son ensemble.

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The following rules are subject to changes to conform to the World Anti-Doping Code and theInternational Standards. For the latest versions see the WADA website:www.wada-ama.org - Prohibited List or the World Archery website: www.archery.org.
Please refer to for the definition of technical terms.
At the 2003 Congress held in New York, World Archery adopted the World Anti-Doping Code (the "Code"). TheseAnti-Doping Rules are adopted and implemented in conformance with World Archery's responsibilities under theCode, and are in furtherance of World Archery's continuing efforts to eradicate doping in the sport of Archery.
Anti-Doping Rules, like competition rules, are sport rules governing the conditions under which sport is played.
Athletes accept these Rules as a condition of participation. Anti-Doping Rules are not intended to be subject to orlimited by the requirements and legal standards applicable to criminal proceedings or employment matters. Thepolicies and minimum standards set forth in the Code and implemented in these Anti-Doping Rules represent theconsensus of a broad spectrum of stakeholders with an interest in fair sport and should be respected by all courtsand adjudicating bodies.
Fundamental Rationale for the Code
and World Archery's Anti-Doping
Anti-doping programs seek to preserve what is intrinsically valuable about sport. This intrinsic value is often referredto as "the spirit of sport"; it is the essence of Olympism; it is how we play true. The spirit of sport is the celebrationof the human spirit, body and mind, and is characterised by the following values: Ethics, fair play and honestyHealthExcellence in performanceCharacter and educationFun and joyTeamworkDedication and commitmentRespect for rules and lawsRespect for self and other participantsCourageCommunity and solidarity Doping is fundamentally contrary to the spirit of sport. These Anti-Doping Rules shall apply to World Archery, each Member Association and Continental Association, andeach participant involved in the activities of World Archery or any of its affiliated Member Associations andContinental Associations, by virtue of the Participant's membership, accreditation, or participation in World Archery,its Member Associations, Continental Associations, or their activities, International Events or Events. InternationalEvents are defined as: Competition for World and Continental titles;Competition for Olympic titles;World Ranking Tournaments;Olympic Qualification Events (Continental Qualifying Tournaments);Archery events of Major Event Organisations;Any other Event for which World Archery is the ruling body or appoints technical officials. All athletes entering the International Registered Testing Pool ("RTP") and all athletes being eligible forparticipation in World Championships shall have personally signed the Anti-Doping Agreement form in Appendix 1,in the actual form approved by the Executive Committee. All forms from minor applicants shall be counter-signed bytheir legal guardians.
It is the responsibility of each Member Association to ensure that all national-level Testing on the MemberAssociation's athletes complies with these Anti-Doping Rules. In some cases, the Member Association itself shall beconducting the Doping Control described in these Anti-Doping Rules. In other countries, many of the Doping Controlresponsibilities of the Member Association have been delegated or assigned by statute to a National Anti-DopingOrganisation. In those countries, references in these Anti-Doping Rules to the Member Association shall apply, asapplicable, to the Member Association's National Anti-Doping Organisation.
These Anti-Doping Rules shall apply to all Doping Controls over which World Archery and its Member Associationsand Continental Associations have jurisdiction.
DEFINITION OF DOPING
Doping is defined as the occurrence of one or more of the Anti-Doping Rule violations set forth in of theseAnti-Doping Rules. ANTI-DOPING RULE VIOLATIONS
The following constitute Anti-Doping Rule violations: 39.1. The presence of a Prohibited Substance or its
Metabolites or Markers in an athlete's bodily
Specimen

39.1.1. It is each athlete's personal duty to ensure that no Prohibited Substance enters his body. Athletes are responsible for any Prohibited Substance or its Metabolites or Markers foundto be present in their bodily Specimens. Accordingly, it is not necessary that intent, fault,negligence or knowing Use on the athlete's part be demonstrated in order to establish anAnti-Doping Rule violation under 39.1.2. Excepting those substances for which a quantitative reporting threshold is specifically identified in the Prohibited List, the detected presence of any quantity of a ProhibitedSubstance or its Metabolites or Markers in an athlete's Sample shall constitute anAnti-Doping Rule violation. 39.1.3. As an exception to the general rule of , the Prohibited List may establish special criteria for the evaluation of Prohibited Substances that can also be producedendogenously. 39.2. Use or Attempted Use of a Prohibited
Substance or a Prohibited Method
The success or failure of the Use of a Prohibited Substance or Prohibited Method is not material. It is
sufficient that the Prohibited Substance or Prohibited Method was Used or Attempted to be Used for
an Anti-Doping Rule violation to be committed.

39.3. Refusing to submit to Sample collection
Refusing or failing without compelling justification, to submit to Sample collection after notificationas authorised in these Anti-Doping Rules or otherwise evading Sample collection. Out-of-Competition Testing
Violation of the requirements regarding athlete availability for Out-of-Competition Testing including
failure to provide required whereabouts information set forth in
(athlete whereabouts
requirements) and missed tests, which are declared based on reasonable rules.

39.5. Tampering of Doping Control
Tampering, or attempting to tamper, with any part of Doping Control. 39.6. Possession of Prohibited Substances and
39.6.1. Possession by an athlete at any time or place of a substance that is prohibited in Out-of-Competition Testing or a Prohibited Method unless the athlete establishes that thePossession is pursuant to a therapeutic use exemption granted in accordance with 39.6.2. Possession of a Prohibited Substance that is prohibited in Out-of-Competition Testing or a Prohibited Method by athlete Support Personnel in connection with an athlete, Event ortraining, unless the athlete Support Personnel establishes that the Possession is pursuantto a therapeutic use exemption granted to an athlete in accordance with (Therapeutic Use) or other acceptable justification. 39.7. Trafficking in any Prohibited Substance or
39.8. Administration or Attempted administration of a Prohibited Substance or Prohibited Method to any athlete, or assisting, encouraging, aiding, abetting, covering up or any other type of complicityinvolving an Anti-Doping Rule violation or any Attempted violation. PROOF OF DOPING
40.1. Burdens and Standards of Proof
World Archery and its Member Associations shall have the burden of establishing that an Anti-DopingRule violation has occurred. The standard of proof shall be whether World Archery or its MemberAssociations has established an Anti-Doping Rule violation to the comfortable satisfaction of thehearing body bearing in mind the seriousness of the allegation which is made. This standard of proofin all cases is greater than a mere balance of probability but less than proof beyond a reasonabledoubt. Where these Rules place the burden of proof upon the athlete or other Person alleged to havecommitted an Anti-Doping Rule violation to rebut a presumption or establish specified facts orcircumstances, the standard of proof shall be by a balance of probability. Presumptions
Facts related to Anti-Doping Rule violations may be established by any reliable means, including
admissions. The following rules of proof shall be applicable in doping cases:

40.2.1. WADA-accredited laboratories are presumed to have conducted Sample analysis and custodial procedures in accordance with the International Standard for laboratory analysis.
The athlete may rebut this presumption by establishing that a departure from theInternational Standard occurred. If the athlete rebuts the preceding presumption byshowing that a departure from the International Standard occurred, then World Archery orits Member Association shall have the burden to establish that such departure did notcause the Adverse Analytical Finding.
40.2.2. Departures from the International Standard for Testing which did not cause an Adverse Analytical Finding or other Anti-Doping Rule violation shall not invalidate such results. Ifthe athlete establishes that departures from the International Standard occurred duringTesting then World Archery or its Member Association shall have the burden to establishthat such departures did not cause the Adverse Analytical Finding or the factual basis forthe Anti-Doping Rule violation. THE PROHIBITED LIST
41.1. Incorporation of the Prohibited List
These Anti-Doping Rules incorporate the Prohibited List which is published and revised by WADA asdescribed in article 4.1 of the Code. World Archery shall make the current Prohibited List availableto each Member Association, and each Member Association shall ensure that the current ProhibitedList is available to its members and constituents. The Prohibited List in force is available on WADA'swebsite at www.wada-ama.org. Methods Identified on the Prohibited List
Unless provided otherwise in the Prohibited List or a revision, the Prohibited List and revisions shall
go into effect under these Anti-Doping Rules three months after publication of the Prohibited List by
WADA without requiring any further action by World Archery. As described in article 4.2 of the Code,
World Archery may upon the recommendation of its Medical Committee, request that WADA expand
the Prohibited List for the sport of Archery or certain disciplines within the sport of Archery. World
Archery may also upon the recommendation of its Medical & Sport Science Committee request that
WADA include additional substances or methods, which have the potential for abuse in the sport of
archery, in the monitoring program described in article 4.5 of the Code. As provided in the Code,
WADA shall make the final decision on such requests by World Archery.

Methods on the Prohibited List
As provided in article 4.3.3 of the Code, WADA's determination of the Prohibited Substances and
Prohibited Methods that shall be included on the Prohibited List shall be final and shall not be
subject to challenge by an athlete or other Person.

41.4. Therapeutic Use
41.4.1. Athletes with a documented medical condition requiring the use of a Prohibited Substance or a Prohibited Method shall first obtain a Therapeutic Use Exemption ("TUE"). 41.4.2. Athletes included by World Archery in its RTP and other athletes prior to their participation in any International Event shall obtain a TUE from World Archery (regardless of whetherthe athlete previously has received a TUE at the national level). TUEs granted by WorldArchery shall be reported to the athlete's Member Association and to WADA. Other athletessubject to Testing shall obtain a TUE from their National Anti-Doping Organisation or otherbody designated by their Member Association. Member Associations shall promptly reportany such TUEs to World Archery and WADA. 41.4.3. The Executive Committee shall appoint a panel of physicians on recommendation of the Medical & Sport Science Committee to consider requests for TUEs (the "TUE Panel"). UponWorld Archery's receipt of a TUE request, the Chairperson of the TUE Panel shallappoint one or more members of the TUE Panel (which may include the Chairperson) toconsider such request. The TUE Panel member(s) so designated shall promptly evaluatesuch request in accordance with the International Standard for Therapeutic UseExemptions and render a decision on such request, which shall be the final decision ofWorld Archery. 41.4.4. International-Level athletes who are included in the RTP, shall apply to World Archery for the TUE at the same time the athlete first provides whereabouts information to the WorldArchery and, except in emergency situations, no later than 30 days before the athlete'sparticipation at an International Event. 41.4.5. Athletes participating in International Events who are not included in the RTP shall, except in emergency situations, request a TUE from World Archery no later than 30 days beforethe athlete's participation at an International Event. 41.4.6. Notification may be by fax or by e-mail but shall be confirmed by letter. The World Archery TUE Panel shall take a decision within 21 days from receipt at the World Archery Office. 41.4.7. WADA, at the request of an athlete or on its own initiation, may review the granting or denial of any TUE to an International Level athlete or a national level athlete that isincluded in any Registered Testing Pool. If WADA determines that the granting or denial ofa TUE did not comply with the International Standard for Therapeutic Use Exemptions inforce at the time then WADA may reverse that decision. Decisions on TUEs are subject tofurther appeal as provided in (see: www.wada-ama.org → International Standardfor Therapeutic Use Exemption). 41.5. The Prohibited List
Only the headlines of the Prohibited List are reprinted here as a copy of the World Anti-Doping CodeInternational Standard for the Prohibited List. Since the current list is subject to changes by WADA,please check on the WADA website: www.wada-ama.org → ‘prohibited list' or the World Archerywebsite: www.archery.org.
SUBSTANCES AND METHODS PROHIBITED AT ALL TIMES (IN- AND OUT-OF-COMPETITION)PROHIBITED SUBSTANCESS1. ANABOLIC AGENTSS2. PEPTIDE HORMONES, GROWTH FACTORS AND RELATED SUBSTANCESS3. BETA-2 AGONISTS*S4. HORMONE ANTAGONISTS AND MODULATORSS5. DIURETICS AND OTHER MASKING AGENTSPROHIBITED METHODSM1. ENHANCEMENT OF OXYGEN TRANSFERM2. CHEMICAL AND PHYSICAL MANIPULATIONM3. GENE DOPINGSUBSTANCES AND METHODS PROHIBITED IN-COMPETITIONPROHIBITED SUBSTANCESS6. STIMULANTSS7. NARCOTICSS8. CANNABINOIDSS9. GLUCOCORTICOSTEROIDSSUBSTANCES PROHIBITED IN PARTICULAR SPORTSP.1 ALCOHOLArchery (World Archery) (0.10 g/L)P.2 BETA-BLOCKERSArchery (World Archery) (also prohibited out of competition). Beta-blockers include, but are notlimited to, the following: acebutolol, alprenolol, atenolol, betaxolol, bisoprolol, bunolol, carteolol,carvedilol, celiprolol, esmolol, labetalol, levobunolol, metipranolol, metoprolol, nadolol, oxprenolol,pindolol, propranolol, sotalol, timolol.
THE 2010 MONITORING PROGRAMThe WADA Code (4.5) states "WADA, in consultation with other Signatories and governments, shallestablish a monitoring program regarding substances which are not on the Prohibited List, but whichWADA wishes to monitor in order to detect patterns of misuse in sport."The 2010 Monitoring List includes some substances in the following categories:StimulantsNarcotics
42.1. Authority to Test
All athletes affiliated with a Member Association shall be subject to In-Competition Testing by WorldArchery, the athlete's Member Association, and any other Anti-Doping Organisation responsible forTesting at a Competition or Event in which they participate. All athletes affiliated with a MemberAssociation shall also be subject to Out-of-Competition Testing at any time or place, with or withoutadvance notice, by World Archery, WADA, the athlete's Member Association, the NationalAnti-Doping Organisation of any country where the athlete is present, the IOC during the OlympicGames, and the IPC during Paralympic Games. 42.2. Responsibility for World Archery Testing
The Medical & Sport Science Committee shall be responsible for overseeing all Testing conducted byWorld Archery. Testing may be conducted by members of the Medical & Sport Science Committee orby other qualified persons so authorised by World Archery. 42.3. Testing Standards
Testing conducted by World Archery and its Member Associations and Continental Associations shallbe in substantial conformity with the International Standard for Testing in force at the time ofTesting (see: www.wada-ama.org). 42.3.1. Blood Samples may be used either to detect Prohibited Substances or Prohibited Methods or for screening procedure purposes only. If the blood is collected for screening only, itshall have no other consequences for the athlete other than to identify him for a urine testunder these Anti-Doping Rule. In these circumstances, World Archery may decide at itsown discretion which blood parameters are to be measured in the screening Sample andwhat levels of those parameters shall be used to indicate that an athlete should be selectedfor a urine test. 42.3.2. Alcohol tests: alcohol is considered to be a doping substance. Alcohol should not be consumed before or during a Competition. 42.3.3. If an alcohol test performed on an athlete results in an Adverse Analytical Finding before the end of an Event, the athlete shall be withdrawn from the Event and the case shall beforwarded to the Anti-Doping Administrator for results management. 42.3.4. The alcohol test is performed by the testing of expired air.
42.3.5. Selection for alcometer tests shall be carried out by random selection at the end of the
shooting matches or of distances shot on the same day. Athletes selected for urine samplesshall also be tested for alcohol. Additional tests may be carried out at any time during theCompetition at the discretion of the doping control officer. 42.3.6. If the test of expired air exceeds the equivalent of a blood alcohol concentration of 0.1 promille (parts per thousand) a second test of expired air shall be performed 10 minuteslater using a different alcometer. If the second test of expired air still exceeds a readingequivalent to a blood alcohol concentration of 0.1 promille (parts per thousand), this shallresult in an Adverse Analytical Finding. 42.4. Co-ordination of Testing
World Archery and Member Associations shall promptly report completed tests to the WADAclearinghouse to avoid unnecessary duplication in Testing. 42.5. Athlete Whereabouts Requirements
42.5.1. World Archery has a RTP of those athletes who are required to provide up-to-date whereabouts information in accordance with the requirements of the InternationalStandard for Testing. World Archery may revise its RTP from time to time as appropriate.
Each athlete in the RTP shall file quarterly reports on the WADA online system "ADAMS"(Anti-Doping and Management System), specifying on a daily basis the regular activitiesand times. Each athlete in the RTP shall provide his whereabouts on a quarterly basis, inthe manner set out in article 11.3 of the International Standard for Testing, shall updatethat information as necessary, in accordance with article 11.4.2 of the International
Standard for Testing, so that it remains accurate and complete at all times, and shall makehimself available for testing at such whereabouts, in accordance with article 11.4 of theInternational Standard for Testing. The ultimate responsibility for providing whereaboutsinformation rests with each athlete, however, it shall be the responsibility of each MemberAssociation to use its best efforts to assist World Archery in obtaining whereaboutsinformation as requested. 42.5.1.1. The criteria for the Registered testing pool shall be decided on an annual basis and can be amended at any time with a one month notice by the Medical andSports Science Committee in consultation with the Doping Free Sports Unit ofSportaccord. The criteria and RTP shall be published on the World Archerywebsite. 42.5.2. An athlete's failure to provide his whereabouts shall be deemed a Filing Failure for purposes of where the conditions of of the International Standard for Testing are met. Three combined Filing Failures and Missed Tests during anyperiod of 18 months shall be considered to have committed an Anti-Doping Rule violationpursuant to . 42.5.3. An athlete's failure to be available for testing at his declared whereabouts shall be deemed a Missed Test for purposes of where the conditions of of theInternational Standard for Testing are met. Three combined Missed Tests and FilingFailures during any period of 18 months shall be considered to have committed anAnti-Doping Ruleviolation pursuant to . 42.5.4. Each Member Association shall also assist their National Anti-Doping Organisation in establishing a national level Registered Testing Pool of top-level national athletes who arenot already included in the RTP. The Member Association/National Anti-DopingOrganisation may establish its own whereabouts reporting requirements and criteriafor 42.5.5. Whereabouts information provided pursuant to and shall be shared with WADA and other Anti-Doping Organisations having jurisdiction to test anathlete on the strict condition that it be used only for Doping Control purposes. 42.6. Retirement and Return to Competition
42.6.1. An athlete who has been identified for inclusion in the RTP shall continue to be subject to these Anti-Doping Rules, including the obligation to be available for No Advance NoticeOut-of-Competition Testing, unless and until the athlete gives written notice to WorldArchery that he has retired or until he no longer satisfies the criteria for inclusion in theRTP and has been so informed by World Archery. 42.6.2. An athlete who has given notice of retirement to World Archery may not resume competing unless he notifies World Archery at least three months before he expects to return tocompetition and is available for unannounced Out-of-Competition Testing, at any timeduring the period before actual return to competition. 42.6.3. Member requirements for retirement and returning to competition for athletes in the nationalRegistered Testing Pool. 42.7. Selection of athletes to be Tested
42.7.1. At International Events, the Medical & Sport Science Committee shall determine the number of finishing placement tests, random tests and target tests to be performed. 42.7.2. At World Archery and World Archery Indoor Championships there shall be a minimum of 35 tests of which the following are mandatory:• Each individual medallist in all divisions;• One randomly chosen team member of each team medal winner in all divisions;• 11 other tests of which two shall be random and the other ones being random or targetedby the Medical & Sport Science Committee, being not necessarily linked to finalplacements, in order to maximize the diversity of athletes tested; or based on informationprovided by the WADA Clearinghouse on previous tests.
The number of tests shall be determined by the Medical & Sport Science Committee incooperation with the Coordination Committee of the World Championships.
42.7.3. At World Archery Youth, -Para and -Field Championships there shall be a minimum of 15 tests of which the following are mandatory:• Each individual medallist of a randomly chosen category;• One randomly chosen team member of each team medal winner of a randomly chosencategory;• Nine other tests of which two shall be random and the other ones being random or targeted by the Medical & Sport Science Committee, being not necessarily linked to finalplacements in order to maximize the diversity of athletes tested or based on informationprovided by the WADA Clearinghouse on previous tests.
The number of tests shall be determined by the Medical & Sport Science Committee incooperation with the Coordination Committee of the World Championships.
42.7.4. At World Championships of other disciplines there shall be a minimum of five tests. The number of tests shall be determined by the Medical & Sport Science Committee incooperation with the Coordination Committee of the World Championships. 42.7.5. At Continental Qualifiers for the Olympic Games the athletes who obtain quota places are subject to mandatory doping testing. 42.7.6. At World Ranking Tournaments that have a minimum of 150 preliminary registrations, there shall be a minimum of six doping tests and at World Ranking Tournaments thathave fewer than 150 preliminary registrations there shall be a minimum of three dopingtests, however a minimum of six doping tests are recommended. 42.7.7. At Continental Championships, each Continental Association shall determine the number of athletes selected for testing and shall submit their plan to the Medical & Sport ScienceCommittee for approval prior to the Championship. 42.7.8. At National Events, each Member Association shall determine the number of athletes selected for Testing in each competition and the procedures for selecting the athletes forTesting. 42.7.9. In addition to the selection procedures set forth in to above, the Medical & Sport Science Committee at International Events, and the Member Associationat National Events, may also select athletes or teams for Target Testing so long as suchTarget Testing is not used for any purpose other than legitimate Doping Control purposes. 42.7.10. Athletes shall be selected for Out-of-Competition Testing by the Medical & Sport Science Committee and by Member Associations through a process that substantially complies withthe International Standard for Testing in force at the time of selection. 42.8. Independent Observers
Member Associations and the Organising Committees for Member Association Events shall provideaccess to Independent Observers at Events as directed by World Archery. World Archery and itsContinental Associations shall provide access to Independent Observers at their respectiveInternational Events. 42.8.1. An athlete who is not a regular member of one of its Member Associations shall not be permitted to compete unless he is available for Sample collection and where applicable, heprovides accurate and up-to-date whereabouts information as part of the RTP at least threemonths before he expects to compete. In addition, at the time of the World Archerycompetition, he needs to be a member of the Member Association concerned. ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES
Doping Control Samples collected under these Anti-Doping Rules shall be analysed in accordance with the followingprinciples: 43.1. Use of Approved Laboratories
World Archery shall send Doping Control Samples for analysis only to WADA-accredited laboratoriesor as otherwise approved by WADA. The choice of the WADA-accredited laboratory (or other methodapproved by WADA) used for the Sample analysis shall be determined exclusively by World Archery. 43.2. Substances Subject to Detection
Doping Control Samples shall be analysed to detect Prohibited Substances and Prohibited Methodsidentified on the Prohibited List and other substances as may be directed by WADA pursuant to theMonitoring Programme described in article 4.5 of the Code. 43.3. Research on Samples
No Sample may be used for any purpose other than as described in without theathlete's written consent. Samples used (with the athlete's consent) for purposes other than shall have any means of identification removed such that they cannot be traced back to aparticular athlete. 43.4. Standards for Sample Analysis and Reporting
Laboratories shall analyse Doping Control Samples and report results in conformity with theInternational Standard for Laboratory Analysis (see: www.wada-ama.org). 43.5. Retesting Samples
A Sample may be reanalyzed for the purposes described in at any time exclusively atthe direction of the Anti-Doping Organisation that collected the Sample or WADA. The circumstancesand conditions for retesting Samples shall conform with the requirements of the InternationalStandard for Laboratories. 44.1. Results Management for Tests Initiated by
World Archery and Continental Associations
Results management for Tests initiated by World Archery and Continental Associations (including
Tests performed by WADA pursuant to agreement with World Archery), shall proceed as set forth
below:

44.1.1. The results from all analyses shall be sent to World Archery in encoded form, in a report signed by an authorised representative of the laboratory. All communication shall beconducted in such a way that the results of the analyses are confidential. 44.1.2. Upon receipt of an A Sample Adverse Analytical Finding, the Anti-Doping Administrator shall conduct a review to determine whether:(a) an applicable Therapeutic Use Exemption has been granted, or(b) there is any apparent departure from the International Standards for Testing orLaboratory Analysis that undermines the validity of the Adverse Analytical Finding. 44.1.3. If the initial review under does not reveal an applicable therapeutic use exemption or departure from the International Standard for Testing, or the InternationalStandard for laboratory analysis in force at the time of Testing, or analysis that underminesthe validity of the Adverse Analytical Finding, World Archery shall promptly notify theathlete of:(a) the Adverse Analytical Finding;(b) the Anti-Doping Rule violated, or, in a case under or , adescription of the additional investigation that shall be conducted as to whether there is anAnti-Doping Rule violation;(c) the athlete's right to promptly request the analysis of the B Sample or, failing suchrequest, that the B Sample analysis may be deemed waived;(d) the right of the athlete or the athlete's representative to attend the B Sample openingand analysis if such analysis is requested; and(e) the athlete's right to request copies of the A and B Sample laboratory documentationpackage which includes information as required by the International Standard forLaboratory Analysis. 44.1.4. Arrangements shall be made for Testing the B Sample within three weeks of the notification described in An athlete may accept the A Sample analyticalresults by waiving the requirement for B Sample analysis. World Archery may nonethelesselect to proceed with the B Sample analysis. 44.1.5. The athlete or his representative shall be allowed to be present at the analysis of the B Sample. Also a representative of the athlete's Member Association as well as arepresentative of World Archery shall be allowed to be present. 44.1.6. If the B Sample proves negative, the entire test shall be considered negative and the athlete, his Member Association, and World Archery shall be so informed. 44.1.7. If a Prohibited Substance or the Use of a Prohibited Method is identified, the findings shall be reported to the athlete, his Member Association, World Archery, and to WADA. 44.1.8. The Anti-Doping Administrator shall conduct any follow-up investigation as may be required by the Prohibited List. Upon completion of such follow-up investigation, WorldArchery shall promptly notify the athlete regarding the results of the follow-upinvestigation and whether or not World Archery asserts that an Anti-Doping Rule wasviolated. 44.1.9. For apparent Anti-Doping Rule violations that do not involve Adverse Analytical Findings, the Anti-Doping Administrator shall conduct any necessary follow-up investigation and shallthen promptly notify the athlete of the Anti-Doping Rule which appears to have beenviolated, and the basis of the violation. 44.2. Results Management for Tests Initiated
During Other International Events
Results management and the conduct of hearings from a Test by the International Olympic
Committee, the International Paralympic Committee, or a Major Event Organisation, shall be
managed, as far as sanctions beyond Disqualification from the Event or the results of the Event, by

44.3. Results Management for Tests initiated by
Member Associations
Results management conducted by Member Associations shall be consistent with the general
principles for effective and fair results management which underlie the detailed provisions set forth
in
. Results of all Adverse Analytical Findings including information on the athlete
concerned as per
of these rules shall be reported to World Archery within 14 days of
the reception of the laboratory report by the Member Association. Member Associations shall keep
World Archery fully apprised as to the status of the results management process and its conclusions
(including a planned date of the hearing) in all pending cases. Any apparent Anti-Doping Rule
violation by an athlete who is a member of that Member Association shall be promptly referred to an
appropriate hearing panel established pursuant to the rules of the Member Association or national
law. Apparent Anti-Doping Rule violations by athletes who are members of another Member
Association shall be referred to the athlete's Member Association for hearing.

44.4. Provisional Suspensions
The Executive Committee, after consultation with the Anti-Doping Administrator, may ProvisionallySuspend an athlete prior to the opportunity for a full hearing based on an Adverse Analytical Findingfrom the athlete's A Sample or A and B Samples and the review described in . If aProvisional Suspension is imposed, either the hearing in accordance with shall be advancedto a date which avoids substantial prejudice to the athlete, or the athlete shall be given anopportunity for a Provisional Hearing before imposition of the Provisional Suspension or on a timelybasis after imposition of the Provisional Suspension. Member Associations may impose Provisional RIGHT TO A FAIR HEARING
45.1. Hearings arising out of World Archery
Testing or Tests at International Events, or
Major

45.1.1. The Executive Committee shall appoint a standing panel consisting of a Chairperson and five other experts with experience in Anti-Doping ("Anti-Doping Panel"). TheChairperson shall be a lawyer. Each panel member shall be independent of his NationalMember Association in so far as he is not an elected officer, employee or hold a position ofresponsibility within a Member Association. Each panel member shall serve a term of fouryears. 45.1.2. When it appears, following the Results Management process described in that these Anti-Doping Rules have been violated in connection with World Archery Testing orTesting at an International Event then the case shall be assigned to the Anti-Doping Panelfor adjudication. 45.1.3. The Chairperson of the Anti-Doping Panel shall appoint three members from the panel (which may include the Chairperson) to hear each case. At least one appointed membershall be a lawyer. The appointed members shall have had no prior involvement with thecase and shall not have the same nationality as the athlete or other Person alleged to haveviolated these Anti-Doping Rules. 45.1.4. Hearings pursuant to this article shall be completed expeditiously following the completion of the results management process described in Hearings held in connection withEvents may be conducted on an expedited basis. 45.1.5. The Member Association of the athlete or other Person alleged to have violated these Anti-Doping Rules may attend the hearing as an observer. 45.1.6. World Archery shall keep WADA fully apprised as to the status of pending cases and the result of all hearings. 45.1.7. An athlete or other person may forego a hearing by acknowledging the Anti-Doping Rule violation and accepting consequences consistent with and as proposed byWorld Archery. 45.1.8. Decisions of the World Archery Anti-Doping Panel may be appealed to the Court of 45.2. Hearings Arising Out of National Testing
45.2.1. When it appears, following the Results Management process described in that these Anti-Doping Rules have been violated in connection with Testing other than inconnection with World Archery Testing or Testing at an International Event, the athlete orother Person involved shall be brought before a disciplinary panel of the athlete or otherPerson's Member Association for a hearing to adjudicate whether a violation of theseAnti-Doping Rules occurred, and if so what consequences should be imposed. 45.2.2. Hearings pursuant to this shall be completed expeditiously and in all cases within three months of the completion of the Results Management process describedin . Hearings held in connection with Events may be conducted by an expeditedprocess. If the completion of the hearing is delayed beyond three months, World Archerymay elect to bring the case directly before the Anti-Doping Panel at the responsibility andat the expense of the Member Association. 45.2.3. Member Associations shall keep World Archery and WADA fully apprised as to the status of pending cases and the results of all hearings. 45.2.4. World Archery and WADA shall have the right to attend hearings as an observer.
45.2.5. The athlete or other Person may forego a hearing by acknowledging the violation of these
Anti-Doping Rules and accepting Consequences consistent with proposed by the Member Association. 45.2.6. Decisions by Member Associations, whether as the result of a hearing or the athlete or other person's acceptance of consequences, may be appealed as provided in . 45.2.7. Hearing decisions by the Member Association shall not be subject to further administrative review at the national level except as provided in or required by applicable national law. 45.3. Principles for a Fair Hearing
A timely hearing;Fair and impartial hearing body;The right to be represented by counsel at the Person's own expense;The right to be fairly and timely informed of the asserted Anti-Doping Rule violation;The right to respond to the asserted Anti-Doping Rule violation and resulting consequences;The right of each party to present evidence, including the right to call and question witnesses(subject to the hearing body's discretion to accept testimony by telephone or written submission);The Person's right to an interpreter at the hearing, with the Anti-Doping Panel to determine theidentity, and responsibility for the cost of the interpreter; andA timely, written, reasoned decision. AUTOMATIC DISQUALIFICATION OF
A violation of these Anti-Doping Rules in connection with an In-Competition test automatically leads toDisqualification of the individual result obtained in that Competition with all resulting consequences, includingforfeiture of any medals, points and prizes. SANCTIONS ON INDIVIDUALS
47.1. Disqualification of Results in Event during
which an Anti-Doping Rule Violation occurs
An Anti-Doping Rule violation occurring during or in connection with an Event may lead to
Disqualification of all of the athlete's individual results obtained in that Event with all consequences,

47.1.1. If the athlete establishes that he bears No Fault or Negligence for the violation, the athlete's individual results in the other Competition shall not be Disqualified unless theathlete's results in Competition other than the Competition in which the Anti-Doping Ruleviolation occurred were likely to have been affected by the athlete's Anti-Doping Ruleviolation. 47.2. Imposition of Ineligibility for Prohibited
Substances and Prohibited Methods
Except for the specified substances identified in
the period of Ineligibility imposed for
a violation of
(presence of Prohibited Substance or its Metabolites or Markers), (Use or Attempted Use of Prohibited Substance or Prohibited Method) and (Possession of Prohibited Substances and Methods) shall be:
First violation: two years' Ineligibility;Second violation: Lifetime Ineligibility. However, the athlete or other Person shall have the opportunity in each case, before a period ofIneligibility is imposed, to establish the basis for eliminating or reducing this sanction as provided in. 47.3. Specified Substances
The Prohibited List may identify specified substances which are particularly susceptible tounintentional Anti-Doping Rules Violations because of their general availability in medicinal productsor which are less likely to be successfully abused as doping agents. Where an athlete can establishthat the Use of such a specified substance was not intended to enhance sport performance, theperiod of Ineligibility found in shall be replaced with the following: First violation: At a minimum, a warning and reprimand and no period of Ineligibility from futureEvents, and at a maximum, one year's Ineligibility;Second violation: two years' Ineligibility;Third violation: Lifetime Ineligibility. However, the athlete or other Person shall have the opportunity in each case, before a period ofIneligibility is imposed, to establish the basis for eliminating or reducing (in the case of a second orthird violation) this sanction as provided in Violations
The period of Ineligibility for other violations of these Anti-Doping Rules shall be:

47.4.1. For violations of (refusing or failing to submit to Sample collection) or (tampering with Doping Control), the Ineligibility periods set forth in shall apply. 47.4.2. For violations of (Trafficking) or (administration of Prohibited Substance or Prohibited Method), the period of Ineligibility imposed shall be a minimumof four years up to lifetime Ineligibility. An Anti-Doping Rule violation involving a minorshall be considered a particularly serious violation, and, if committed by athlete SupportPersonnel for violations other than specified substances referenced in , shallresult in lifetime Ineligibility for such athlete Support Personnel. In addition, violations ofsuch articles which also violate non-sporting laws and regulations, may be reported to thecompetent administrative, professional or judicial authorities. 47.4.3. For violations of (Whereabouts violations or Missed Tests), the period of Ineligibility shall be: First violation: three months to one year Ineligibility;Second and subsequent violations: two years' Ineligibility. 47.5.1. If the athlete establishes in an individual case involving an Anti-Doping Rule violation under (presence of Prohibited Substance or its Metabolites or Markers) or Use of aProhibited Substance or Prohibited Method under that he bears No Fault orNegligence for the violation, the otherwise applicable period of Ineligibility shall beeliminated. When a Prohibited Substance or its Markers or Metabolites is detected in anathlete's Specimen in violation of (presence of Prohibited Substance), theathlete shall also establish how the Prohibited Substance entered his system in order tohave the period of Ineligibility eliminated. In the event this article is applied and the periodof Ineligibility otherwise applicable is eliminated, the Anti-Doping Rule violation shall notbe considered a violation for the limited purpose of determining the period of Ineligibilityfor multiple violations under . 47.5.2. applies only to Anti-Doping Rule violations involving , use of a Prohibited Substance or Prohibited Method under failing to submit to Samplecollection under or administration of a Prohibited Substance or ProhibitedMethod under . If an athlete establishes in an individual case involving suchviolations that he bears No Significant Fault or Negligence, then the period of Ineligibilitymay be reduced, but the reduced period of Ineligibility may not be less than 1/2 of theminimum period of Ineligibility otherwise applicable. If the otherwise applicable period ofIneligibility is a lifetime, the reduced period under this section may be no less than eightyears. When a Prohibited Substance or its Markers or Metabolites is detected in anathlete's Specimen in violation of the athlete shall also establish how theProhibited Substance entered his system in order to have the period of Ineligibilityreduced. 47.5.3. The Executive Board upon recommendation of the Anti-Doping Panel may also reduce the period of Ineligibility in an individual case where the athlete has provided substantialassistance to World Archery which results in discovering or establishing an Anti-DopingRule violation by another Person involving Possession under (Possession byathlete Support Personnel), , or (administration to an athlete).
The reduced period of Ineligibility may not, however, be less than 1/2 of the minimumperiod of Ineligibility otherwise applicable. If the otherwise applicable period of Ineligibilityis a lifetime, the reduced period under this article may be no less than eight years.
47.6.1. For purposes of imposing sanctions under articles to , a second Anti-Doping Rule violation may be considered for purposes of imposing sanctions only ifWorld Archery (or its Member Association) can establish that the athlete or other Personcommitted the second Anti-Doping Rule violation after the athlete or other Person receivednotice, or after World Archery (or its Member Association) made a reasonable attempt togive notice, of the first Anti-Doping Rule violation; If World Archery (or its MemberAssociation) cannot establish this, the violations shall be considered as one single firstviolation, and the sanction imposed shall be based on the violation that carries the moresevere sanction. 47.6.2. Where an athlete, based on the same Doping Control, is found to have committed an Anti-Doping Rule violation involving both a specified substance under andanother Prohibited Substance or Prohibited Method, the athlete shall be considered to havecommitted a single Anti-Doping Rule violation, but the sanction imposed shall be based onthe Prohibited Substance or Prohibited Method that carries the most severe sanction. 47.6.3. Where an athlete is found to have committed two separate Anti-Doping Rule violations, one involving a specified substance governed by the sanctions set forth in and theother involving a Prohibited Substance or Prohibited Method governed by the sanctions setforth in or a violation governed by the sanctions in the periodof Ineligibility imposed for the second offence shall be at a minimum of two years'Ineligibility and at a maximum three years' Ineligibility. Any athlete found to havecommitted a third Anti-Doping Rule violation involving any combination of specified substances under and any other Anti-Doping Rule violation under shall receive a sanction of lifetime Ineligibility. 47.7. Disqualification of Results in Competitions
Subsequent to Sample Collection
In addition to the automatic Disqualification of the results in the Competition which produced thepositive Sample under all other competitive results obtained from the date a positiveSample was collected (whether In- or Out-of-Competition), or other doping violation occurred,through the commencement of any Provisional Suspension or Ineligibility period, shall, unlessfairness requires otherwise, be Disqualified with all of the resulting consequences includingforfeiture of any medals, points and prizes. 47.8. Commencement of the Ineligibility Period
The period of Ineligibility shall start on the date of the hearing decision providing for Ineligibility or,if the hearing is waived, on the date Ineligibility is accepted or otherwise imposed. Any period ofProvisional Suspension (whether imposed or voluntarily accepted) shall be credited against the totalperiod of Ineligibility to be served. Where required by fairness, such as delays in the hearing processor other aspects of Doping Control not attributable to the athlete, World Archery or the Anti-DopingOrganisation imposing the sanction may start the period of Ineligibility at an earlier datecommencing as early as the date of Sample collection. 47.9. Status During Ineligibility
No Person who has been declared Ineligible may, during the period of Ineligibility, participate in anycapacity in an Event or activity (other than authorised anti-doping education or rehabilitationprograms) authorised or organised by World Archery or any Member Association. In addition, for anyAnti-Doping Rule violation not involving specified substances described in , some or allsport-related financial support or other sport-related benefits received by such Person shall bewithheld by World Archery and its Member Associations. A Person subject to a period of Ineligibilitylonger than four years may, after completing four years of the period of Ineligibility, participate inlocal sport events in a sport other than sports subject to the jurisdictions of World Archery and itsMember Associations, but only so long as the local sport event is not at a level that could otherwisequalify such Person directly or indirectly to compete in (or accumulate points toward) a nationalchampionship or International Event. 47.10. Reinstatement Testing
As a condition to regaining eligibility at the end of a specified period of Ineligibility, an athlete shall,during any period of Provisional Suspension or Ineligibility, make him or herself available forOut-of-Competition Testing by World Archery, the applicable Member Association, and any otherAnti-Doping Organisation having Testing jurisdiction, and shall provide current and accuratewhereabouts information as provided in If an athlete subject to a period of Ineligibilityretires from sport and is removed from Out-of-Competition Testing pools and later seeksreinstatement, the athlete shall not be eligible for reinstatement until the athlete has notified WorldArchery and the applicable Member Association and has been subject to Out-of-Competition Testingfor a period of time equal to the longer of the period set forth in or the period ofIneligibility remaining as of the date the athlete had retired. During such remaining period ofIneligibility, a minimum of two tests shall be conducted on the athlete with at least three monthsbetween each test. The Member Association shall be responsible for conducting the necessary tests,but tests by any Anti-Doping Organisation may be used to satisfy the requirement. The results ofsuch tests shall be reported to World Archery. Once the period of an athlete's suspension hasexpired, and the athlete has fulfilled the conditions of reinstatement, then the athlete shall becomeautomatically re-eligible and no application by the athlete or by the athlete's Member Associationshall then be necessary. CONSEQUENCES TO TEAMS
If a member of a team is found to have committed a violation of these Anti-Doping Rules during an Event, the teamshall be Disqualified from the Event. SANCTIONS AND COSTS ASSESSED
AGAINST MEMBER ASSOCIATIONS
49.1. World Archery has the authority to withhold some or all funding or other non-financial support to Member Associations that are not in compliance with these Anti-Doping Rules. 49.2. Member Associations shall be obligated to reimburse World Archery all costs (including but not limited to laboratory fees, hearing expenses and travel) related to a violation of these Anti-DopingRules committed by an athlete or other Person affiliated with that Member Association. All costslinked to the B-sample analysis are at the charge of the athlete unless the B-test proves to benegative. 49.3. The Executive Board upon recommendation of its Anti-Doping Administrator, may decide to take additional disciplinary action against Member Associations with respect to recognition, the eligibilityof its officials and athletes to participate in International Events and fines based on the followingcases: 49.4. Four or more violations of these Anti-Doping Rules (other than violations involving and are committed by athletes or other Persons affiliated with a Member Associationwithin a 12-month period in testing conducted by World Archery or Anti-Doping Organisations otherthan the Member Association or its National Anti-Doping Organisation. 49.5. More than one athlete or another Person from a Member Association commits an Anti-Doping Rule violation during an International Event. 49.6. A Member Association has failed to make diligent efforts to keep World Archery informed about an athlete's whereabouts after receiving such a request. 50.1. Decisions Subject to Appeal
Decisions made under these Anti-Doping Rules may be appealed as set forth in articles to Such decisions shall remain in effect while under appeal unless the appellate body orders otherwise. Before an appeal is commenced, any post-decision review authorised in article ( to ) shall be exhausted. Anti-Doping Rule violations, Consequences,
and Provisional Suspensions
A decision that an Anti-Doping Rule violation was committed, a decision imposing Consequences for
an Anti-Doping Rule violation, a decision that no Anti-Doping Rule violation was committed, a
decision that World Archery or its Member Association lacks jurisdiction to rule on an alleged
Anti-Doping Rule violation or its Consequences, and a decision to impose a Provisional Suspension as
a result of a Provisional Hearing or otherwise in violation of

may be appealed exclusively as provided in Notwithstanding any other provision herein, the only Personthat may appeal from a Provisional Suspension is the athlete or other Person upon whom theProvisional Suspension is imposed. 50.2.1. In cases arising from competition in an International Event or in cases involving International-Level athletes, the decision may be appealed exclusively to the Court ofArbitration for Sport ("CAS") in accordance with the provisions applicable before suchcourt. 50.2.2. In cases involving athletes that do not have a right to appeal under each Member Association shall have in place an appeal procedure that respects the followingprinciples: a timely hearing, a fair and impartial hearing body; the right to be representedby a counsel at the person's expense; and a timely, written, reasoned decision. World. 50.2.3. In cases under , the following parties shall have the right to appeal to CAS: (a) the athlete or other Person who is the subject of the decision being appealed;(b) the other party to the case in which the decision was rendered;(c) World Archery and any other Anti-Doping Organisation under whose rules a sanctioncould have been imposed;(d) the International Olympic Committee or International Paralympic Committee, asapplicable, where the decision may have an effect in relation to the Olympic Games orParalympic Games, including decisions affecting eligibility for the Olympic Games orParalympic Games; and(e) WADA.
In cases under
, the parties having the right to appeal to the national-levelreviewing body shall be as provided in the Member Association's rules but, at a minimum,shall include:(a) the athlete or other Person who is the subject of the decision being appealed;(b) the other party to the case in which the decision was rendered;(c) World Archery; and(d) WADA.
For cases under
WADA and World Archery shall also have the right toappeal to CAS with respect to the decision of the national-level reviewing body. denying a Therapeutic Use Exemption
Decisions by WADA reversing the grant or denial of a TUE exemption may be appealed exclusively to
CAS by the athlete, World Archery, or National Anti-Doping Organisation or other body designated
by a Member Association which granted or denied the exemption. Decisions to deny therapeutic use
exemptions, and which are not reversed by WADA, may be appealed by International-Level athletes
to CAS and by other athletes to the national level reviewing body described in
. If the
national level reviewing body reverses the decision to deny a therapeutic use exemption, that
decision may be appealed to CAS by WADA.

50.4. Appeals against decisions pursuant to article
Member Associations'
Decisions by World Archery pursuant to article
may be appealed exclusively to CAS by the
Member Association.

50.5. Time for Filing Appeals
The time to file an appeal to CAS shall be 21 days from the date of receipt of the decision by theappealing party. The above notwithstanding, the following shall apply in connection with appealsfiled by a party entitled to appeal but which was not a party to the proceedings having led to thedecision subject to appeal: Within 10 days from notice of the decision, such party/ies shall have the right to request from thebody having issued the decision a copy of the file on which such body relied;If such a request is made within the 10-day period, then the party making such request shall have21 days from receipt of the file to file an appeal to CAS. MEMBER ASSOCIATIONS AND
WORLD ARCHERY ANTI-DOPING
51.1. Incorporation of World Archery Anti-Doping
Rules
All Member Associations shall comply with these Anti-Doping Rules. These Anti-Doping Rules shall
also be incorporated either directly or by reference into each Member Association's Rules. All
Member Associations shall include in their regulations the procedural rules necessary to effectively
implement these Anti-Doping Rules. Each Member Association shall obtain the written
acknowledgement and agreement, in the form attached as
of all National Team Member
athletes subject to Doping Control and athlete Support Personnel for such athletes. Notwithstanding
whether or not the required form has been signed, the Rules of each Member Association shall
specifically provide that all athletes, athlete Support Personnel and other Persons under the
jurisdiction of the Member Association shall be bound by these Anti-Doping Rules.

51.2. Statistical Reporting
Member Associations shall report to World Archery every year, at the end of March, results of allDoping Controls within their jurisdiction sorted by athlete and identifying each date on which theathlete was tested, the entity conducting the test, and whether the test was In-Competition orOut-of-Competition. World Archery may periodically publish Testing data received from MemberAssociations as well as comparable data from Testing under World Archery's jurisdiction. 51.3. Doping Control Information Clearing House
When a Member Association has received an Adverse Analytical Finding on one of its athletes, it shallreport the following information to World Archery and WADA within 14 days of the reception of therelated laboratory report: the athlete's name, gender, date of birth, country, sport and disciplinewithin the sport, whether the test was In-Competition or Out-of-Competition, the date of Samplecollection and the analytical result reported by the laboratory. The Member Association shall alsoregularly update World Archery and WADA on the status and findings of any review or proceedingsconducted pursuant to or and comparable information shall be provided toWorld Archery and WADA within 14 days of the notification described in with respectto other violations of these Anti-Doping Rules. In any case in which the period of Ineligibility iseliminated under (No Fault or Negligence) or reduced under (NoSignificant Fault or Negligence), World Archery and WADA shall be provided with a written reasoneddecision explaining the basis for the elimination or reduction. Neither World Archery nor WADA shalldisclose this information beyond those persons within their organisations with a need to know untilthe Member Association has made public disclosure or has failed to make public disclosure as. 51.4. Public Disclosure
Neither World Archery nor its Member Association shall publicly identify athletes whose Sampleshave resulted in Adverse Analytical Findings, or who were alleged to have violated other articles ofthese Anti-Doping Rules until it has been determined in a hearing in accordance with that anAnti-Doping Rule violation has occurred, or such hearing has been waived, or the assertion of anAnti-Doping Rule violation has not been timely challenged or the athlete has been ProvisionallySuspended. Once a violation of these Anti-Doping Rules has been established, it shall be publiclyreported within 20 days. 51.5. Recognition of Decisions by World Archery
and Member Associations
Any decision of World Archery or a Member Association regarding a violation of these Anti-Doping

Rules shall be recognised by all Member Associations, which shall take all necessary action to rendersuch decisions effective. RECOGNITION OF DECISIONS BY
52.1. Subject to the right to appeal provided in the Testing, therapeutic use exemptions and hearing results or other final adjudications of any Signatory to the Code which are consistent withthe Code and are within the Signatory's authority, shall be recognised and respected by WorldArchery and its Member Associations. World Archery and its Member Associations may recognise thesame actions of other bodies which have not accepted the Code if the rules of those bodies areotherwise consistent with the Code. 52.2. Where it is contended that the actions of a Signatory or other body were not in conformity with the Code the Executive Committee may decide to recognise the decision as final or it may decide to 52.3. Any athlete being or becoming a member of a Member Association shall disclose to the Member Association any positive test result for which he has been sanctioned by any National, Regional,Continental or International Sports organisation, the IOC or any Government or Government'sAgencies. STATUTE OF LIMITATIONS
No action may be commenced under these Anti-Doping Rules against an athlete or other Person for a violation of anAnti-Doping Rule contained in these Anti-Doping Rules unless such action is commenced within eight years from thedate the violation occurred. WORLD ARCHERY'S COMPLIANCE
REPORTS TO WADA
World Archery shall report to WADA on World Archery's compliance with the Code every two years and shall explainreasons for any non-compliance. INTERPRETATION OF ANTI-DOPING
55.1. These Anti-Doping Rules are by-laws under the Constitution and Rules and may be amended from time to time by Executive Board. 55.2. Except as provided in and the Constitution and Rules, these Anti-Doping Rules shall be interpreted as an independent and autonomous text and not by reference to existing law or statutes. 55.3. The headings used for the various Parts and articles of these Anti-Doping Rules are for convenience only and shall not be deemed part of the substance of these Anti-Doping Rules or to affect in any waythe language of the provisions to which they refer. 55.4. The INTRODUCTION and the following shall be considered integral parts of these 55.5. These Anti-Doping Rules have been adopted pursuant to the applicable provisions of the Code and shall be interpreted in a manner that is consistent with applicable provisions of the Code. Thecomments annotating various provisions of the Code may, where applicable, assist in theunderstanding and interpretation of these Anti-Doping Rules. 55.6. Notice to an athlete or other Person who is a member of a Member Association may be accomplished by delivery of the notice to the Member Association. 55.7. These Anti-Doping Rules shall not apply retrospectively to matters pending before the date these Anti-Doping Rules come into effect. ADAMS (Anti-Doping and Management System) : Under the World Anti-Doping Code, WADA has an obligation to
coordinate anti-doping activities and to provide a mechanism to assist stakeholders with their implementation of the
Code.
ADAMS was developed for this purpose. It is a Web-based database management system that simplifies the daily
activities of all stakeholders and athletes involved in the anti-doping system - from athletes providing whereabouts
information, to Anti-Doping Organisations ordering tests, to laboratories reporting results, to Anti-Doping
Organisations managing results. It is easy to use, available in several languages, and free to WADA's stakeholders,
increasing the efficiency and effectiveness of the fight against doping in sport.
Adverse Analytical Finding: A report from a laboratory or other approved Testing entity that identifies in a
Specimen the presence of a Prohibited Substance or its Metabolites or Markers (including elevated quantities of
endogenous substances) or evidence of the Use of a Prohibited Method.
Anti-Doping Administrator: The Anti-Doping Administrator is a Person in charge of management and
administration of Anti-Doping matters within World Archery, and is nominated by the Executive Committee upon the
recommendation of the Secretary General.
Anti-Doping Organisation: A Signatory that is responsible for adopting rules for initiating, implementing or
enforcing any part of the Doping Control process. This includes, for example, the International Olympic Committee,
the International Paralympic Committee, and other Major Event Organisations that conduct Testing at their Events,
WADA, Member Associations, and National Anti-Doping Organisations.
Athlete: For purposes of Doping Control, any Person who participates in sport at the international level (as defined
by each International Federation) or national level (as defined by each National Anti-Doping Organisation) and any
additional Person who participates in sport at a lower level if designated by the Person's National Anti-Doping
Organisation. For purposes of Anti-Doping information and education, any Person who participates in sport under
the authority of any Signatory, government, or other sports Organisation accepting the Code.
Athlete Support Personnel: Any coach, trainer, manager, agent, team staff, official, medical or para-medical
personnel working with or treating athletes participating in or preparing for sports competition.
Attempt: Purposely engaging in conduct that constitutes a substantial step in a course of conduct planned to
culminate in the commission of an Anti-Doping Rule violation. Provided, however, there shall be no Anti-Doping Rule
violation based solely on an Attempt to commit a violation if the Person renounces the attempt prior to it being
discovered by a third party not involved in the Attempt.
Code: The World Anti-Doping Code.
Competition: A single race, match, game or singular athletic contest.
Consequences of Anti-Doping Rules Violations : An athlete's or other Person's violation of an Anti-Doping Rule
may result in one or more of the following: (a) Disqualification means the athlete's results in a particular
Competition or Event are invalidated, with all resulting consequences including forfeiture of any medals, points and
prizes; (b) Ineligibility means the athlete or other Person is barred for a specified period of time from participating in
any Competition or other activity or funding as provided in
and (c) Provisional Suspension means the
athlete or other Person is barred temporarily from participating in any Competition prior to the final decision at a
.
Disqualification: See Consequences of Anti-Doping Rules Violations above.
Doping Control: The process including test distribution planning, Sample collection and handling, laboratory
analysis, results management, hearings and appeals.
Event: A series of individual Competitions conducted together under one ruling.
In-Competition: For purposes of differentiating between In-Competition and Out-of-Competition Testing, unless
provided otherwise in the rules of an International Federation or other relevant Anti-Doping Organisation, an
In-Competition test is a test where an athlete is selected for testing in connection with a specific Competition.
For purposes of In-Competition testing, the competition starts the day after the opening ceremony or on the first day
of competition whichever comes first and ends on the last day of the competition after the testing for that
competition has been completed.
Independent Observer Program: A team of observers, under the supervision of WADA, who observe the Doping
Control process at certain Events and report on observations. If WADA is testing In-Competition at an Event, the
observers shall be supervised by an independent Organisation.
Ineligibility: See Consequences of Anti-Doping Rules violations above.
International Event: An Event where the International Olympic Committee, the International Paralympic
Committee, an International Federation, a Major Event Organisation, or another international sport Organisation is
the ruling body for the Event or appoints the technical officials for the Event. World Archery International Events are
defined as follows:

Competition for World and Continental titles;Competition for Olympic titles;Competition for World Ranking;Olympic Qualification Events (Continental Qualifying Tournaments);Archery events of Major Event Organisations;And any other Event for which World Archery is the ruling body or appoints technical officials. International-Level athlete: athletes designated by one or more International Federations as being within the
Registered Testing Pool for an International Federation.

International Standard: A standard adopted by WADA in support of the Code. Compliance with an International
Standard (as opposed to another alternative standard, practice or procedure) shall be sufficient to conclude that the
procedures addressed by the International Standard were performed properly.
Major Event Organisations: This term refers to the continental associations of National Olympic Committees and
other international multi-sport Organisations that function as the ruling body for any continental, regional or other
International Event.
Marker: A compound, group of compounds or biological parameters that indicates the Use of a Prohibited
Substance or Prohibited Method.
Member Association: A national entity which is a member of World Archery as the entity governing archery in that
nation.
Metabolite: Any substance produced by a biotransformation process.
Minor: A natural Person who has not reached the age of majority as established by the applicable laws of his
country of residence.
National Anti-Doping Organisation: The entity/ies designated by each country as possessing the primary
authority and responsibility to adopt and implement Anti-Doping Rules, direct the collection of Samples, the
management of test results, and the conduct of hearings, all at the national level. If this designation has not been
made by the competent public authority/ies, the entity shall be the country's National Olympic Committee or its
designee.
National Event: A sport Event involving international or national-level athletes that is not an International Event.
National Olympic Committee: The Organisation recognised by the International Olympic Committee. The term
National Olympic Committee shall also include the National Sport Confederation in those countries where the
National Sport Confederation assumes typical National Olympic Committee responsibilities in the Anti-Doping area.
No Advance Notice: A Doping Control which takes place with no advance warning to the athlete and where the
athlete is continuously chaperoned from the moment of notification through Sample provision.
No Fault or Negligence: The athlete's establishing that he did not know or suspect, and could not reasonably have
known or suspected even with the exercise of utmost caution, that he had Used or been administered the Prohibited
Substance or Prohibited Method.
No Significant Fault or Negligence : The athlete's establishing that his fault or negligence, when viewed in the
totality of the circumstances and taking into account the criteria for No Fault or Negligence, was not significant in
relationship to the Anti-Doping Rule violation.
Out-of-Competition: Any Doping Control which is not In-Competition.
Participant: Any athlete or athlete Support Personnel.
Person: A natural Person or an Organisation or other entity.
Possession: The actual, physical possession, or the constructive possession (which shall be found only if the person
has exclusive control over the Prohibited Substance/Method or the premises in which a Prohibited
Substance/Method exists); provided, however, that if the person does not have exclusive control over the Prohibited
Substance/Method or the premises in which a Prohibited Substance/Method exists, constructive possession shall
only be found if the person knew about the presence of the Prohibited Substance/Method and intended to exercise
control over it. Provided, however, there shall be no Anti-Doping Rule violation based solely on possession if, prior to
receiving notification of any kind that the Person has committed an Anti-Doping Rule violation, the Person has taken
concrete action demonstrating that the Person no longer intends to have Possession and has renounced the Person's
previous Possession.
Prohibited List: The List identifying the Prohibited Substances and Prohibited Methods.
Prohibited Method: Any method so described on the Prohibited List.
Prohibited Substance: Any substance so described on the Prohibited List.
Provisional Hearing: For purposes of
, an expedited abbreviated hearing occurring prior to a hearing
Provisional Suspension: See Consequences above.
Publicly Disclose or Publicly Report : To disseminate or distribute information to the general public or persons
beyond those persons entitled to earlier notification in accordance with
.
Registered Testing Pool (RTP): The pool of top level athletes established separately by each International
Federation and National Anti-Doping Organisations who are subject to both In-Competition and Out-of-Competition
Testing as part of that International Federation's or Organisation's test distribution plan. The World Archery
Registered Testing Pool is abbreviated RTP throughout the Appendix.
Sample/Specimen: Any biological material collected for the purposes of Doping Control.
Signatories: Those entities signing the Code and agreeing to comply with the Code, including the International
Olympic Committee, International Federations, International Paralympic Committee, National Olympic Committees,
National Paralympic Committees, Major Event Organisations, National Anti-Doping Organisations, and WADA.
Tampering: Altering for an improper purpose or in an improper way; bringing improper influence to bear;
interfering improperly to alter results or prevent normal procedures from occurring.
Target Testing: Selection of athletes for Testing where specific athletes or groups of athletes are selected on a
non-random basis for Testing at a specified time.
Team Sport: A sport in which the substitution of athletes is permitted during a Competition.
Testing: The parts of the Doping Control process involving test distribution planning, Sample collection, Sample
handling, and Sample transport to the laboratory.
Trafficking: To sell, give, administer, transport, send, deliver or distribute a Prohibited Substance or Prohibited
Method to an athlete either directly or through one or more third parties, but excluding the sale or distribution (by
medical personnel or by Persons other than an athlete's Support Personnel) of a Prohibited Substance for genuine

and legal therapeutic purposes.
Use: The application, ingestion, injection or consumption by any means whatsoever of any Prohibited Substance or
Prohibited Method.
WADA: The World Anti-Doping Agency.

WADA Doping Control Forms shall be
DOPING CONTROL ALCOHOL TEST
Name: Surname: ID No: Country/Team: Notification Date: 201_ Event: Notification Time: : You have been selectedfor an alcohol test and are required to report to the Doping Control Station no later than one hour from thenotification time. At this test a breath sample shall be collected under supervision. Failure to report for the test or toprovide a sample may re- sult in disqualification. You may be accompanied by an official (e.g. Team Official orDoctor). Signature of Doping Control Officer: . printed: I acknowledge thereceipt of this notice and agree to attend no later than the time indicated above. Signature of the athlete:. TO BE COMPLETED AT THE DOPING CONTROL CENTER Dateof Sample: 20-- Time of arrival at Station: : Alcometer No: .…….……. Alcometer No:.………………. 1st Reading: , promille 2nd Reading: , promille Declaration of Medication andDrugs .
.Ideclare that I am satisfied with the sample taking procedure. I acknowledge the receipt of the athlete's copy of theDoping Control Collection Form. Signature of the athlete: .………………. I certifythat the alcometer readings above relate to the breath samples provided by the athlete named above. The athletedid not report for the breath test: . The athlete refused to provide a breath sample: . Signature of DopingControl Officer: . I certify the aboveinformation
. Signature of International Representative (if present) Signatureof Accompanying Official (if present) Appendix 1 - ANTI-DOPING
I, as a member of a Member Association of World Archery or participating in a World Archery authorised orrecognised event, hereby acknowledge and agree as follows:1. I have received information on the Anti-Doping Rules and had an opportunity to review them.
2.
I consent and agree to comply with and be bound by all of the provisions of the World Archery Anti-Doping Rules, including but not limited to, all amendments to the Anti-Doping Rules* and all International Standards*incorporated in the Anti-Doping Rules.
3.
I consent and agree to the creation of my profile in WADA Doping Control Clearing House (ADAMS) or any other authorised National Anti-Doping Organisations (NADOs) similar system under World Archery's agreement forthe sharing of information, and to the entry on my doping control and Therapeutic Use Exemptions related data insuch systems.
4.
I acknowledge and agree that World Archery and its Member Associations have jurisdiction to impose sanctions as provided in the World Archery Anti-Doping Rules.
5.
I also acknowledge and agree that any dispute arising out of a decision made pursuant to the Anti-Doping Rules, after exhaustion of the process expressly provided for in the Anti-Doping Rules, may be appealed exclusivelyas provided in article 'Appeals' of the Anti-Doping Rules to an appellate body for final and binding arbitration, whichin the case of international level athletes is the Court of Arbitration for Sport.
6.
I acknowledge and agree that the decisions of the arbitral appellate body referenced above shall be final and enforceable, and that I shall not bring any claim, arbitration, lawsuit or litigation in any other court or tribunal.
7. I have read and understood this Acknowledgement and Agreement.
_Date Print Name (Last Name, First Name) _Date of Birth Signature (or, if a minor, signature of(DD/MM/YY) legal guardian)* For the World Archery Anti-Doping Rules and the International Standards in effect see:
. I, as a member of a Member Association of World Archery or participating in a World Archery authorised orrecognised event, hereby acknowledge and agree as follows:1. I have received information on the Anti-Doping Rules and had an opportunity to review them.
2.
I consent and agree to comply with and be bound by all of the provisions of the World Archery Anti-Doping Rules, including but not limited to, all amendments to the Anti-Doping Rules* and all International Standards*incorporated in the Anti-Doping Rules.
3.
I consent and agree to the creation of my profile in WADA Doping Control Clearing House (ADAMS) or any other authorised National Anti-Doping Organisations (NADOs) similar system under World Archery's agreement forthe sharing of information, and to the entry on my doping control and Therapeutic Use Exemptions related data insuch systems.
4.
I acknowledge and agree that World Archery and its Member Associations have jurisdiction to impose sanctions as provided in the World Archery Anti-Doping Rules.
5.
I also acknowledge and agree that any dispute arising out of a decision made pursuant to the Anti-Doping Rules, after exhaustion of the process expressly provided for in the Anti-Doping Rules, may be appealed exclusivelyas provided in article 'Appeals' of the Anti-Doping Rules to an appellate body for final and binding arbitration, whichin the case of international level athletes is the Court of Arbitration for Sport.
6.
I acknowledge and agree that the decisions of the arbitral appellate body referenced above shall be final and enforceable, and that I will not bring any claim, arbitration, lawsuit or litigation in any other court or tribunal.
7. I have read and understood this Acknowledgement and Agreement.
_Date Print Name (Last Name, First Name) _Date of Birth Signature (or, if a minor, signature of(DD/MM/YY) legal guardian)* For the World Archery Anti-Doping Rules and the International Standards in effect see:
.

Source: http://www.alliancedamitie.nl/files/WA%20boek%206%20nederlands.pdf

ncwa.org.np

Nepal Council of World Affairs, 2010 62nd Anniversary .…. ai rs Madhav Kumar Nepal Address on the occasion of the 62nd Anniversary Celebration of the Nepal Council of World Affairs (NCWA) The foreign policy of Nepal is based on the principles of the United Nations Charter, - Madhav Kumar Nepal* the Panchsheel, non-alignment, international law, the values of international peace,

cdn.intechopen.com

Drug-Induced Encephalopathy Julius-Maximilians University Würzburg, Department of Neurology 1. Introduction Drug-induced encephalopathy is a disease entity often caused by impaired cerebral metabolism that is not attributed to structural brain lesions. However, some drug-induced encephalopathies can develop structural lesions and share other underlying pathophysiological mechanisms (table 2). Leading symptoms are acute or chronic disturbances of consciousness, brain function and personality changes with concomitant neurological symptoms such as asterixis, myoclonias, paresis or seizures (see table 3). Isoniazid-induced encephalopathy was one of the earliest descriptions of a drug-induced encephalopathy (Adams & White, 1965). Clinical symptoms depend on the type and severity of the drug-evoked encephalopathy. A well-described and frequently-reported drug-induced encephalopathy is valproic acid encephalopathy, first described in the late 1970s. This acute encephalopathy was characterized by altered behaviour, worsening seizure control and confusion. After a reduction in the valproate acid dose, the patient's symptoms resolved completely (Chadwick et al., 1979). Encephalopathies have been reported after consumption of several types of drugs as depicted below (table 1).