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APA 6th Edition Guide Revised
This guide is based on Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.) (WZ 345
P976 2010). For additional information consult the APA style blogand the Purdue
Online Writing Lab (OW
General Guidelines
One inch on all sides (top, bottom, right and left). Font size:
Font type:
Times New Roman. Spacing:
Double-space the entire document including title page, abstract, body, and references. Alignment:
Left justified, leaving the right margin uneven. Paragraph:
Indent one half inch (1/2"). Running head:
On the title page, at the left margin, (one-half to one inch from the top) type Running head:
followed by a short version of the title in all upper case letters. Use only the SHORT TITLE
and page number on each other page. (Use the header feature of your word processor and
check Different First Page under the Header & Footer Tools—or save time and use the
Mercy APA template)
Place the page number on the same line as the running head at the right margin.
No hyphenation is allowed at the end of a line. Italics:
Use italics for book titles and periodical titles, and Website titles. In the Reference list only, for book and article titles, capitalize only the first word, any proper nouns, and the first word of the subtitle. Punctuation
Two spaces following punctuation at the end of a sentence. One space after all other spacing:
punctuation, except for abbreviations which have no spaces (e.g., n.d., U.S.). Citing References in Text
Each reference should be cited within the body of your paper, using the author's last name and the year of publication. APA requires the use of page or paragraph numbers for direct quotations and encourages them for paraphrases. Al direct quotations (those in quotation marks) must be introduced with a signal phrase in past or present perfect tense. (Jones stated or Jones has stated) Examples:
In a recent study (McKee, 2009, p. 27) . .
Rodgers and Knight (2008) reported . . (pp. 678-679). In 2009 Kelly examined . . (para. 6). These results were . . (Little & Jones, 2008, p. 95).
Citing a work found in a secondary source:

Parse's nursing theory (as cited in Smith, 2009) states . . (p.348). Put Smith's work on the reference page.
In citing a work with no author, use a short title in quotation marks, and the year:
PTCA is a recommended treatment ("Cardiac Alert," 2008, p. 87).
Cite an interview or e-mail as below. Do not include these in your reference list.
(E. C. Hansen, personal communication, October 31, 2009)
In citing a work with no date, use the author's last name and n.d.
(Smith, n.d., p. 46).
To cite the Bible, note the book, chapter and verse and include the version used in the first citation. Do
not include in your reference list.
Jn. 3:17 (The Jerusalem Bible)
APA 6th Ed. Guide 5/18/15 Mercy College Library Print Reference Examples
Book-One author

Strasen, L. L. (2008). The image of professional nursing: Strategies for action. Philadelphia, PA: J. B. Lippincott.
Book-Two authors

Becan-McBride, K., & Garza, D. (2006). Phlebotomy handbook (4th ed.). Stamford, CT: Appleton & Lange. Book-Editor

McDonnell, T. P. (Ed.). (2006). A Thomas Merton reader. New York, NY: Doubleday.
Book-Article or chapter

Mannucci, E. (2007). Physical exercise for the treatment of obesity. In V. Stocchi, & D. A. Hood (Eds.), Role of physical
exercise in preventing disease (pp. 171-179). New York, NY: Springer. Print Journal Article-One Author (Volume paged continuously)

Ott, W. J. (2010). Intrauterine growth restriction and Doppler ultrasonography. Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine, 19,
Print Journal Article-With issues paged separately (Each issue begins with page one)
Dobbin, K., & Tasota, F. J. (2007). Weaning your patient from ventilation. Nursing, 30(10), 41-47. Electronic Reference Examples
EbscoHost and other databases have citation tools. Please note that they are nearly always incorrect. Double-check with an APA style guide or Purdue OWL.
Articles from Electronic Databases

EBSCO (Article with a digital object identifier—doi)

Barkley, R. A., Fischer, M., & Smallish, L. (2008). The persistence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder into young adulthood. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 111(2), 279-290. doi:10.1111/j.1745-7599.2009.00438.x EBSCO (Article without a digital object identifier—doi – use the journal's homepage, found by clicking the
hyperlinked journal name on EBSCO and scrolling down to Journal URL or searching the web)
Barkley, R. A., Fischer, M., & Smallish, L. (2008). The persistence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder into young adulthood. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 111(2), 279-290. Retrieved from journals/abn/index.aspx
Gale Virtual Reference Library (citation tool available through database)
Raymer, A. M. (2013). Aphasia. In B. Narins (Ed.), The Gale encyclopedia of nursing and allied health (3rd ed., Vol. 1,
pp. 307-309). Detroit, MI: Gale. Retrieved from APA 6th Ed. Guide 5/18/15 Mercy College Library Micromedex Drug Entry Example (PDR):
Allegra (Sanofi-Aventis) (fexofenadine hydrochloride) tablets. (2007, January). In Physician's desk reference. [Electronic
version]. Retrieved from Micromedex CareNotes Example:
Asthma: Discharge care (English). (n.d.). Micromedex CareNotes System. Retrieved from
Smith, T. M. (2013). Treatment of hospital-acquired, ventilator-associated, and healthcare-associated pneumonia in
adults. In D. S. Basow (Ed.), UpToDate. Retrieved from Online Dictionary or reference work
Hypnotism. (2010). In The American heritage dictionary of the English language (13th ed.). Retrieved from
Report (no author, no date) published on a government web site
Iowa Department of Public Health. (n.d.). Access to quality health services. In Healthy Iowans 2010 (Chapter 1). Retrieved Document from a college, university, or association web site
Stevens, K. R. (2006). Competencies for evidence based practice. Retrieved from University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, ACESTAR Web si Document from a web site with no author or sponsor organization
(Avoid using such sources if possible since the authority of the source cannot be determined.)
Autism and vaccines. (2008, September 28). Retrieved fro Quotations

Short quotations (Less than 40 words)
Enclose in quotes " " Cite author(s) and year of publication. Use (n.d.) if there is no date. Example: Cunningham (2010) found that "the extent to which fathers participate in household tasks when their sons
are very young influences the sons' participation in those tasks 30 years later" (p. 192). Long quotations (More than 40 words)
Block format indented one half inch (1/2") from left margin. Normal (unjustified) right margin. Example:
Cunningham (2010) stated the following:
Parental influences may also be important later in the life course. Specifically, adolescence may constitute a period in which children's lives are directly affected by parents' behaviors and attitudes regarding housework. Adolescents are commonly responsible for more household tasks than young children. (p. 191) APA 6th Ed. Guide 5/18/15 Mercy College Library Web site quotations from an organization site: If there are headings in the document, cite the heading
and the paragraph number.
"Confusion in identifying patients and miscommunication among caregivers will be the focus of the National Patient
Safety Goals for 2009" (Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations [JCAHO], 2008, News Release section, para. 1). Multiple authors
2 authors: Cite both names each time. Ex.: Masters and Johnson (1966).
3-5 authors: List all authors the first time, each other time use first author and "et al."
Munoz, Glish, Soo-Hoo, and Robertson (2009) Munoz et al. (2009) 6 or more in citations, cite first author and "et al." for each citation.
Example: Thomas et al. (2007) reported on Acute Renal Failure.
7 or more in References, list first 6 authors, insert 3 ellipses (. .) and the last author's name.
Example: Jones, A., Smith, B., Loo, C., Munoz, D., Gris, E., Maas, F., . .Tray, Z. (2010).
The first level of heading is centered. Use bold type style and upper case at the beginning of each
important word.
The next level of heading, if needed, is at the left margin, bold and upper case for the beginning of each
important word.
If an additional level is needed, indent one half inch (1/2") from the left margin. Use bold and upper case at
the beginning of the first word. Punctuate with a period and begin your text after one space.
Case Study (Title of paper centered on top line of page 2) Nursing Roles (first level heading)
Patient Education (next level)
Lesson plan. (additional level) Text of paper continues on same line.
Elements in a series within a sentence or paragraph: Identify items by using lower case letters in
Example: The three areas of change are (a) perception, (b) cognitive interference, and (c) motivation.
OR use bulleted lists for three or more elements. Capitalize and punctuate as for a sentence.
The three areas of change are
 perception,  cognitive interference, and  motivation (Smith & Jones, 2009, p. 27). APA 6th Ed. Guide 5/18/15 Mercy College Library Elements in a series with separate paragraphs: Indent ½ inch. Use a numbered or bulleted list. Example:
1. Plan your travel. Get all directions and room information ahead of time, so you know exactly where you 2. Dress conservatively. Traditional dress is best. You want the interviewer to focus on what you are saying, not what you are wearing. Use figures for all numbers 10 and above (Except ages: 3-year-olds and dates: 2 weeks). Use words for date approximations (about ten days). Use words for numbers that begin a sentence or title. Use words for common fractions. Examples: One half of the group was administered the traditional therapy. Nearly three-fourths agreed with the statement. Student Paper Checklist
Is the paper typed using Times New Roman 12 point font? Is the entire paper double-spaced? Are margins one inch? Are the title page and references on separate pages and in the correct sequence? Are all pages numbered consecutively beginning with the title page? Is the title no more than 12 words? Is the title page in the correct format? Does each paragraph contain more than one sentence? Are all references in the reference list also cited in the text? Do text citations and references agree (spelling and date)? Are journal titles spelled out, in italics, and each important word capitalized? Are the references arranged alphabetically by author surname or first important word of the title if no author is listed? Are page numbers for all articles and book chapters included? Is the spacing after punctuation correct? Does the paper have an introduction, body, and summary? Is the title repeated and centered on the first page of the text (top of page 2)? APA 6th Ed. Guide 5/18/15 Mercy College Library Running head: NURSING ETHICS Nursing Ethics in America Mercy College of Health Sciences PA 6th Ed. Guide 5/18/15 Mercy College Library American Academy of Family Physicians. (2007). Anxiety disorders [Brochure]. Leawood, Pamphlet Brochure KS: Author. ["Author" here means that the group serving as the author is also the publisher.] Bandman, E. L. (2009). Nursing ethics (7th ed.). New York, NY: Springer. Dreyfus, H. L. (2006). The relationship of theory and practice. In P. Benner, C. A. Tanner, & C. A. Chesla, (Eds.), Expertise in practice (pp. 29-47). New York, NY: Springer. Flatt, M. (2009). The code of ethics for nurses. Michigan Nurse, 74(2), 9. Retrieved fr Koloroutis, M., & Thorstenson, T. (2009). An ethics framework for organizational change. Nursing Administration Quarterly, 30, 9-17. doi: 10.1191/0969733006nej896oa Master Communication Group (Producer). (2004). Understanding differences [DVD]. Available from Partnership for Caring. (2010). Talking about your choices. Retrieved fr Stem cell project planned. (2009, December 11). The Des Moines Register. Retrieved fr Valproic acid. (2010, March 1). Retrieved fro Weber, J. (Producer). (2007). Class of 2007 farewell address [Video podcast]. Retrieved Yaras, J. (2008). PTSD handbook [Kindle Edition version]. doi:10.1191/06006nej896oa version of print book PA 6th Ed. Guide 5/18/15 Mercy College Library



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