Narcotics and dangerous drugs brochure
GLUE AND OTHER INHALANTS
MARIJUANA AND HASHISH
Twice as many people die from overdoses of
Sniffing glue and inhaling other volatile
Marijuana, hashish, and hashish oil come from a
barbiturates as from overdoses of heroin.
chemicals, such as deodorant, hair spray, or even
plant called Cannabis. The dried, chopped leaves
Barbiturates, sometimes called "barbs", "downs", or
gasoline can cause a high. These materials are
are called marijuana. The dark brown resin from the
"reds", cause mental confusion, dizziness, and loss
poisonous and very dangers. Part of their intoxicating
tops of the plant is hashish, with hashish oil being
of memory. People sometimes get so confused from
effect comes from cutting off oxygen to the brain or
distilled from the hashish. The cannabis plant gets
barbiturates that they forget how many pills they have
affecting the lungs. Overdoses of these chemicals
its effects primarily from a drug called delta-9-tetra-
A Capsule Look at
taken. Often this confusion can result in overdose.
can damage the liver, heart, kidney, brain, blood and
hydro-cannabinol, THC for short. Smoking or eating
Barbiturates are addictive. In fact, people
central nervous system.
THC brings most of the "high".
dependent on them have to be very careful comingoff them as sudden withdrawal can cause fear,
restlessness, convulsions, even death. It is vitally
Hallucinogens (also called psychedelics) are
Narcotics are derived from opium or are
important to consult a physician before discontinuing
drugs which affect sensation, thinking, self-
synthesized, and are highly addictive. Used medically
the use of barbiturates.
awareness, and emotion. Changes in time and space
as pain killers, they depress the central nervous
Barbiturates and alcohol make each other more
perception, delusions, and hallucinations may range
system and eventually make people physically and
powerful when taken together. Mixing even a few
from mild to overwhelming, depending on the dose
mentally dependent. Codeine and Demerol are
sleeping pills with alcohol can easily lead to an
and quality of the drug. Effects vary; the same person
common synthetic narcotics. The "opiates", a more
overdose and is a frequent cause of accidental death.
may have different reactions on different occasions.
powerful class of narcotics derived from the opium
Never let anyone take barbiturates or other downers
Many natural and synthetic hallucinogens are in
poppy, include opium, morphine, and heroin.
if they have been drinking.
use. LSD, a synthetic, is the most potent and best
Although the medical effects of the drug may be no
People can buy other kinds of depressants over-
studied. Mescaline (from the peyote cactus),
more severe than those of the barbiturates, the great
the-counter at their pharmacies that can be taken to
psilocybin (from the Mexican mushroom), morning
need for heroin often leads to personal desperation,
help them sleep or relieve tension. They are not as
glory seeds, DMT, DOM(STP), PMA, MDA, and others
crime and intense suffering.
dangerous as barbiturates, but all the cautions about
have somewhat similar effects.
downers should be adhered to. People often take
them too casually, too often, and too much.
One serous drug of abuse, phencyclidine (PCP),
Lysergic Acid comes from a fungus (ergot) and
is a tranquilizer for animals. PCP ("hog" or "angel
was first converted to lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD)
dust") produces a feeling of numbness in arms and
One of America's biggest drug problems involve
in 1938. It was not until 1943 that its psychoactive
legs, and can cause hallucinations.
the misuse of prescription tablets and capsules. Some
properties became known.
Sprinkled on tobacco or marijuana cigarettes or
of these tablets and capsules are called "downers"
Effects of LSD vary greatly according to dosage,
taken in capsules, PCP can create temporary
and can be obtained in the black-market or taken from
personality of the user, and conditions under which
psychosis very much like acute schizophrenia. It often
the family medicine cabinet. There are many drugs
the drug is used. Basically, it causes changes in
leads to paranoia and has been linked with serious
in this category, including sedatives (tranquilizers) like
sensation. Users describe changes in depth
Valium, Librium, and Xanax, and hypnotics (sleeping
perception and in the meaning of the perceived object.
pills) like Nembutal, Seconal, Dalmane, and Placidyl.
Illusions and hallucinations often occur. The senseof time and self are altered. Sensations may seem
to "cross over" - that is, music may be seen or colors
Fentanyls are a family of compounds that mimic
the effect of heroin. Some derivatives of fentanyl
Physical reactions range from minor, such as
are thousands of times more potent than heroin.
dilated pupils, rise in temperature and heartbeat, or
Doses of smaller than a grain of salt can be fatal.
a slight increase in blood pressure to tremors. The
Because they are so potent, fentanyls must be diluted
user's emotional response to LSD varies widely. High
by mixing with other powders. If this mixing is not
doses can greatly alter the state of consciousness.
KANSAS BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION
done properly and uniformly, some doses will be safe
1620 SOUTHWEST TYLER
while others could be deadly.
TOPEKA, KS 66612
General Information on Drugs and Their Effects
These are the "uppers" that stimulate the central
The abuse of narcotics and
nervous system. They make people more active,
WHAT IS A DRUG?
alert, and nervous. They usually relieve drowsiness
A drug is "any chemical substance that brings about physical, emotional, or mental changes
and disguise the effects of fatigue and exhaustion.
in people". Alcohol, tobacco, and even caffeine (in coffee, tea, cocoa, and cola drinks) are
The stronger stimulants sometimes produce a
has greatly cost society in many ways. A
temporary "euphoria" (high mood). Using stimulants
large number of crimes have been committed
drugs. However, the term "drug" is more typically used to refer to marijuana, amphetamines,
regularly makes some people irritable and overactive.
as a direct result of drug trafficking and use.
barbiturates, tranquilizers, narcotics, cocaine, "crack", phencyclidine (PCP), volatile
People who use stimulants over a long period of time
The cost to society has been in the form of
chemicals (glue and other inhalants), LSD, and heroin.
and then stop go through a withdrawal and may feel
taxpayers'' dollars being used to investigate,
anxious, depressed, get headaches or experience
prosecute, incarcerate, and rehabilitate the
WHAT IS DRUG ABUSE?
drug offenders. This, along with personal
Drug abuse is the use of a chemical substance, legal or illegal, which causes physical, mental,
tragedies experienced by drug abusers and
emotional or social harm to a person or to people close to him or her.
their families, causes this subject to be a
Use of amphetamines, especially when taken
concern for all.
There are different kinds of drug users:
without a doctor's supervision, can lead to the yo-yo
Experimenters who may try one or two drugs a few times out of curiosity about
effect of "speed" - high one hour and down the next.
In conjunction with the Kansas Bureau of
Amphetamines can make people psychologically
Investigation and your local law enforcement
Recreational users use drugs to "get high" with friends on special occasions or
dependent and can cause physical and mental
agencies, the following information on
damage when used for an extended period of time.
narcotics and dangerous drugs is provided
Street level amphetamines are usually
Regular users use drugs constantly to achieve or maintain a desired state, but
for your benefit.
manufactured in clandestine laboratories, by "cooks"
continue to attempt normal activity (work, school, housework, etc.)
who have little or not scientific background.
Dependent users can't relate to anything but drug seeking and drug taking.
Amphetamines produced under these conditions are
They experience mental or physical discomfort when they need drugs and will
often contaminated with chemical by-products that
KIDDIE DOPE AND LOOK-ALIKES
do anything to obtain them.
occur during the manufacture, many of which arepoisonous, can cause cancer, or brain damage.
Although look-alikes are inexpensively produced
Drug use is often hard to pinpoint, especially in the early stages. One way to find out is to simply
and enormously profitable, they can be highly potent.
ask, especially when there are significant changes in behavior. This is often a sign that something
These drugs, also known as "kiddie dope", usually
is wrong, it may not be drug abuse but your concern and openness can make the difference. Of
contain nothing more than caffeine, ephedrine,aspirin, aspirin substitutes, or other noncontrolled
course, many of the drugs have some effects in common, or produce different effects at different
Cocaine, "coke" or "snow", usually seen in the
ingredients. The capsules closely resemble the
times. Dependence occurs when people like the effect they get from using drugs or feel they can't
form of a white powder, comes from the coca bush
colors, trademarks, and control numbers of
do without them. Many drugs, like narcotics, can cause physical dependence or addiction. Almost
found in mountainous regions of some tropicalclimates. An illegal drugs, cocaine is often smuggled
prescription amphetamines and barbiturates. The
any drug, when used regularly can cause psychological dependence.
into the United States from South America.
caffeine and caffeine-like chemicals in the look-alikes
Cocaine is addictive, and can result in severe
produce a mild stimulant effect. To obtain a noticeable
irritation of membranes in the nostrils, throat, and
"high" from these stimulants, the user must take a
sinuses. When taken in large doses for a long period
quantity of the capsules to achieve the same stimulant
of time, cocaine causes sleeplessness, anxiety, and
effect of several cups of coffee. Herein lies the danger
occasionally delusions. Because of its rapid action
of look-alike drugs - they so accurately resemble their
and powerful stimulant "high", cocaine can easily be
prescription counterparts that an unsuspecting user
abused. A very potent form of cocaine, called "crack"
could inadvertently ingest 5 or 6 legitimate
is highly addictive. Known as a "rock" because of its
prescription capsules, thinking they are look-alikes.
pebble-like appearance, "crack" is smoked in a special
The resulting overdoes could easily become fatal.
pipe by the user and makes a crackling sound whenbeing smoked.
The helicopter-borne ACTOS for small-scale cloud turbulence observations Holger Siebert, Katrin Lehmann , Manfred Wendisch, and Raymond Shaw Leibniz-Institute for Tropospheric Research (IfT), Leipzig, Germany Dept. of Physics, Michigan Technology University, Houghton, MI, USA Besides a technical overview of ACTOS the pos-
A GLOBAL PROBLEM! NOT JUST A CHINESE ONE! GlaxoSmithKline China executives face bribery probe Ministry says executives at China subsidiary of GlaxoSmithKline paid hospitals, doctors and influential groups to prescribe their brands of medication. Friday, 12 July, 2013. China's police say employees of drug manufacturer GlaxoSmithKline bribed doctors and hospitals to