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Bibio 2015 pré-finale

RWANDA, 2015
François Lagarde The University of Texas at Austin TABLE DES MATIÈRES Introduction 1) DOCTORATS, MAÎRISES 2) HISTOIRE; 1994; TÉMOIGNAGE 2.1 Histoire; Archéologie 2.2 Génocide; Guerre 3) ECONOMIE; FINANCE 3.1 Économie; Technologie 4) AGRICULTURE; RESSOURCES 4.1 Agriculture; Élevage; Sylviculture; et Al. 5.1 Politique Nationale 5.2 Affaires Régionales; EAC 5.3 Relations Internationales 5.4 Réfugiés; Diaspora 5.7 Nations Unies 6.1 Société; Culture 6.3 Réconciliation 6.6 Linguistique; Sociolinguistique 7.1 Santé publique 7.2 Santé mentale 7.3 Gacaca; Transitional Justice; Droit rwandais 9) LITTÉRATURE; FILM 8.1 Littérature; Littérature juvénile; Récits de voyage; Critique littéraire 8.2 Film; Critique Introduction    Cette  bibliographie,  comme  les  précédentes1,  recense  les  publications  portant  en   tout  ou  en  partie  sur  le  Rwanda  qui  ont  été  publiées  en  2015.   Ces  livres,  articles  de  revue  (hors  comptes  rendus),  chapîtres  de  livre,  rapports   ainsi  que  quelques  publications  électroniques  sont  massivement  anglophones.  Les  publications  francophones  représentent  moins  d'un  sixième  du  total.  Quelques  travaux  en  langues  européennes  sont  inclus.  Les  publications  en  kinyarwanda  ne   sont  pas  recensées,  sauf  exception.  Nos  efforts  pour  nous  associer  avec  un  bibliographe  connaissant  le  kinyarwanda  n'ont  pas  abouti.   On  retrouve  grosso  modo  les  principaux  sujets  listés  dans  les  bibliographies   précédentes.  La  classification  par  discipline  est  pratique  et  n'a  pas  de  valeur  herméneutique.  Elle  est  à  l'occasion  critiquable  mais  on  n'a  pas  voulu  multiplier  les   sous-­‐classes  et  il  a  parfois  fallu  forcer  tel  sujet  à  s'insérer  dans  telle  classe.   Des  erreurs  de  transcription  ou  de  classification  sont  à  craindre;  des  omissions   sont  certaines.  Ce  sera  donc  sauf  erreur  qu'on  remarquera  qu'en  2015:   -­‐  Les  maîtrises  et  les  doctorats  sont  nombreux  et  pour  plusieurs  d'un  grand   intérêt;  mais  il  semble  qu'une  seule  thèse  ait  été  défendue  en  France  au  cours  de   l'année.  L'université  rwandaise  continue  de  produire  un  grand  nombre  de  travaux  de  maîtrise,   dont  plusieurs  de  valeur,  mais  ils  restent  inaccessibles,  sinon  pour  quelques  publications  chez  des  éditeurs  internet.   -­‐  Les  publications  portant  sur  la  santé  publique,  physique  ou  mentale,  restent  les   plus  nombreuses,  ainsi  que  celles  sur  le  TPIR.   -­‐  Les  questions  économiques  et  sociales  sont  étudiées  de  manière  fragmentée.  On   note  que  le  problème  des  ressources  devient  essentiel,  La  question  foncière  reste  d'actualité  depuis  plus  d'un  demi-­‐siècle.  Celles  de  l'eau  et  des  conséquence  du   changement  climatique  sur  le  Rwanda  prennent  une  importance  nouvelle.   -­‐  Très  peu  de  travaux  d'histoire,  disons  coloniale  et  pré-­‐coloniale,  ont  été  publiés   en  2015.  Les  archives  belges  restent  peu  exploitées,  alors  qu'elles  se  sont  ouvertes   pour  les  années  de  la  Révolution  et  de  l'Indépendance.   -­‐  Le  génocide  et  l'après-­‐génocide  (mémoire;  réconciliation;  gacaca)  restent  un   important  sujet  d'étude,  mais  "1994"  commence  à  s'éloigner  dans  le  temps,  du  moins  chez  les  chercheurs  non  engagés.   -­‐  La  "politique  nationale"  et  les  relations  internationales  continuent  de  faire   l'objet  d'accusations  et  de  débats.  La  relation  franco-­‐rwandaise  reste  d'une  actualité  problématique.   -­‐  Les  productions  littéraires  et  les  films  portant  sur  le  Rwanda  du  génocide   Nous  avons  oublié  de  recenser  les  travaux  de  M.  Venant  Rutunga  dans  les   bibliographies  précédentes.  On  trouvera  la  liste  de  ses  nombreuses  publications  (Agriculture,  1981-­‐2014)  à  http://www.editions-­‐sources-­‐du-­‐nil.fr/Rutunga.htm  .    A  nouveau,  notre  souhait  est  qu'en  dépit  de  ses  limitations,  cette  bibliographie   soit  utile,  en  particulier  aux  étudiants.                                                                                                                  1  http://umr-­‐developpement-­‐societes.univ-­‐paris1.fr/menu-­‐haut/recherche/projets-­‐de-­‐recherche/afrique-­‐des-­‐grands-­‐lacs-­‐publications-­‐et-­‐recensions-­‐bibliographiques/bibliographies-­‐sur-­‐le-­‐rwanda/   DOCTORATS, MAÎRISES Aldaach, Haidar Shakuir, Remote sensing based predictive decision support system for assessment of environmental conditions for epidemic cholera, West Virginia University, 2015, Master of Science Alias, Lara, Burundi and Rwanda: a comparative study of sexual violence in genocide, University of Amsterdam, 2015, Master of Art Alusala, Nelson, An analysis of strategic-military issues in the ending of civil wars: a case study of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, 1994-2004, University of Pretoria, 2015, PhD Anderson, James, A Test of the Household Separation Hypothesis in Rwanda, University of San Francisco, 2015, Master of Science Baison, George, Outcomes of Laparotomy at a Large Referral Center in Rwanda, Harvard Medical School, PhD Bau, Natalie Danielle, Essays at the Intersection of Development and Education Economics, Harvard University, 2015, PhD Bayisenge, Jeannette, Changing Gender Relations? Women's Experiences of Land Rights in the Case of the Land Tenure Reform Program in Rwanda, Göteborgs Universitet, 2015, PhD Bell, Kristin, Victims' voices: Sexual violence in the Armenian and Rwandan genocides, Northeastern University, 2015, PhD Benitez, Ryan, Making the case for humanitarian intervention: national interest and moral imperative, Naval Postgraduate School, 2015, Master of Arts Berry, Marie, From violence to mobilization: war, women, and political power in Rwanda and Bosnia-Herzegovina, University of California, Los Angeles, 2015, PhD Bouelangoye, Ulrich, A four-case-study assessment of the African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM): Ghana, Mauritius, Rwanda and South Africa, University of Johannesburg, 2015, Master of Arts Brandts, J., Hoe draag je een gezamenlijke schuld? Een onderzoek naar de verklaringen voor de westerse stellingname tegenover post-genocidaal Rwanda, Universiteit Utrecht, 2015, Maîtrise Bunnik, Rosalie, The Politics of Discourse: the United Nations Secretariat and Genocide in Rwanda, Leiden University, 2015, Master of Arts Carroll, Makeda Aminah, Five-year resistance trends of bacterial isolates in Kigali, Rwanda,Yale University, 2015, Master of Public Health Chalmers, William, Never Again: The Genocide Convention in Review, Seton Hall University, Masters of Art Childress, Stephen, From Revolution To Ruin: A Preliminary Look at Rwanda's First Two Presidents, Grégoire Kayibanda and Juvénal Habyarimana, and Their Administrations, University of Missouri--Kansas City, 2015, PhD Coutts, Alexander, Essays on the Role of Beliefs in Experimental and Development Economics, New York University, 2015, PhD Crichton, Ryan, The open health information mediator: an architecture for enabling interoperability in low to middle income countries, University of KwaZulu-Natal, 2015, Master of Science Corrigan, Louise, The Exalted Women of Rwanda, Lunds Universitet, 2015, Master of D'Aoust, Olivia, Post-war economics: micro-level evidence from the African Great Lakes Region, Université Libre de Bruxelles, 2015, Doctorat Davis, Stephanie, The sun is yellow, the bird is black : fostering a progressive pedagogy in rural Rwanda, Bank Street College of Education, 2015, Master of Science Desma, Hellen Tunya, Economic effects of the East African community: Are there increased trade flows in the case of Rwanda?, University of Applied Sciences, Berlin, 2015, Master of Arts Dittrich, Viviane, Present at the completion: Creating legacies at the International Criminal Tribunals, London School of Economics and Political Science, 2015, PhD Ephgrave, Nicole, Sexual Violence at Nyarubuye: History, Justice, Memory. A Case Study of the 1994 Rwandan Genocide, University of Western Ontario, 2015, PhD Feehan, Dennis, Network reporting methods, Princeton University, 2015, PhD Forcier, Angela, "If you keep your problems in your stomach the dogs cannot steal them": trauma, forgiveness, and con-viviality in Rwanda: An ethnographic study following the healing and rebuilding our communities (HROC) project in Gisenyi, Rwanda, University of Cape Town, 2015, Master of Science Friedlander, Elliott Ware, Towards learning for all: understanding the literacy ecology in rural Rwanda, Stanford University, 2015, PhD Froidbise, Audrey, Behind the Scenes of the Plastic Bag Ban in Rwanda: Connections to Culture, Power and Sustainability, Lunds universitet, 2015, Master of Arts Frydenlund, Erika, ‘Home was Congo': Refugees and durable displacement in the borderlands of 1,000 hills, Old Dominion University, 2015, PhD Furphy, Patricia, Multivariate analysis of war crime behaviour: implications for the International Criminal Court, John Moores University, 2015, PhD Gahizi, Thacien, La construction du sentiment d'exister chez les adolescents ayant grandi dans les Villages d'enfants SOS dans l'après-génocide au Rwanda: Approche développementale et systémique, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, 2015, Doctorat Grant, Andrea Mariko, Living under ‘quiet insecurity': religion and popular culture in post-genocide Rwanda, University of Oxford, 2015, PhD Habimana Kabano, Ignace, Pregnancy loss and neonatal mortality in Rwanda: The differential role of inter-pregnancy intervals, Utrecht University, 2015, Doctorat Habyarimana, Hilaire, Investigation of attitudes and classroom practices of educators and learners in relation to English as the medium of instruction at four primary schools in Rwanda, University of the Witwatersrand, 2015, PhD Harris, Laurie, Epidemiology of Respiratory Illness in Endangered Mountain Gorillas (Gorilla beringei beringei) at a One Health Interface in Africa, University of California, Davis, 2015, PhD Hayden, Eleanor, 'We killed them because they were Tutsi': the construction of the 'enemy' identity in pre-genocidal Rwanda and Nazi Germany, Amsterdam: University of Amsterdam, 2015, Master of Arts Henriques, Gisela, Exploring the contribution of new genetic markers of drug resistance in human malaria parasites, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, 2015, PhD Holch Schmidt, Amalie, Fattigdom, Ungdom og Etnicitet: Risikofaktorer for Udbruddet af den Voldelige Konflikt i Rwanda i 1994? [Poverty, Youth and Ethnicity: Risk factors of violent conflict's outbreak in Rwanda in 1994], Roskilde University (Danemark), 2015, Master of Arts Honeyman, Catherine, Governing transformations : entrepreneurship education and the rise of Rwanda's post-developmental state, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 2015, PhD Howell, Kelly, The United Nations Force Intervention Brigade: Peace enforcement as a conflict management strategy in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, University of Oregon, 2015, Master of Arts Imaniriho, Dan, Appropriation des politiques éducatives dans un contexte de dépendance économique : réflexion sur le fonctionnement du réseau d'acteurs éducatifs au Rwanda, Université catholique de Louvain, 2015, Doctorat Ingabire, Angelique, Building a Corporate Brand by Influencing Employees through Internal Branding, Roskilde University, 2015, Master of Arts Isaac, John, The Influence of Social Determinants on Health-Related Outcomes, Behaviors and Decision-Making in Five African Nations: A Demographic and Health Study, The Claremont Graduate University, 2015, PhD Kaweesi, Edward, Human-Security, State-Capacity and Post-Conflict Reconstruction: An analysis of the question of development oriented governance in Post-Genocide Rwanda, 1994-2005, Universität Erfurt, 2015, Doctorat Kisira, Simon, Evaluation of the Budgetary Allocation Policy on the Levels and Quality of Public Agriculture Budgets and Expenditures in Malawi and Rwanda, University of Johannesburg, 2015, Master of Arts Kuradusenge, Claudine, Hutu Diaspora Narrative: Conflict of Identity, Identity in Conflict, George Mason University, 2015, Master of Science Laksanasopin, Tassaneewan, Microfluidic-based Point-of-Care Testing for Global Health, Columbia University, 2015, PhD Lannes, Laurence, An analysis of health service delivery performance in Rwanda, London School of Economics and Political Science, 2015, PhD Larsen, Josefine Kühnel, Peace by peace: the construction of national-military identity in post-genocide Rwanda, Københavns Universitet, 2015, PhD Lawton, Stephanie, A girl with a book: Improving girls' secondary education in the developing world, University of Colorado at Denver, 2015, Master of Social Science Leegwater, Margot, Sharing Scarcity: Land Access and Social Relations in Southeast Rwanda, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, 2015, PhD Lemmer, Georges, You make me feel good? Family environment and mental health in Rwandan family reared children and adolescents, Université de Fribourg, 2015, Maîtrise Love, Ephraim Robert, Time Series Analysis of MODIS NDVI data with Cloudy Pixels: Frequency-domain and SiZer analyses of vegetation change in Western Rwanda, University of Tennessee-Knoxville, 2015, Master of Science Mahoro, Nkubamugisha Paul, Prévalence de l'ESPT dans la population rwandaise: diversités de figures cliniques et comorbidités, Université de Genève, 2015, Doctorat Manirakiza, Vincent, La problématique de l'urbanisation spontanée face à la modernisation de la ville de Kigali (Rwanda), Université Catholique de Louvain, 2015, Doctorat Martino, Robin, Matrix and edge effects on the maintenance of ecological function in an afromontane protected area, Antioch University, 2015, PhD Mbembe, Binda, Good Governance and Foreign Direct Investment: A Legal Contribution to a Balanced Economic Development in the East African Community (EAC), Utrecht University, 2015, Doctorat McCreesh, Nicola, Modelling the effects of temperature changes on Schistosoma mansoni transmission, Durham University, 2015, PhD Michaux, Kristina, Assessing the impacts of home fortification with micronutrient powders on anemia, growth, and diarrhea in children aged 6-24 months living in rural Rwanda, University of British Columbia, 2015, Master of Science Mollvik, Lia, Are Children Seeds or Are They Soil? A Comparison between Martha Nussbaum's Capability Approach and Utilitarian Philosophy applied to Critical Thinking in the Rwandan Education System, Uppsala Universitet, 2015, Master of Arts Morrison, Shelley, Intercultural intervention in a U.S. corporate internship program for college graduates from Rwanda: An exploratory study, University of the Pacific, 2015, Master of Arts Moser Jr, Joseph, Impossible Forgiveness: Levinas and Rwanda in Dialogue, Northwestern University, 2015, PhD Muhayisa, Assumpta, Situation familiale des enfants issus du viol commis pendant le génocide au Rwanda: approche systémique, Université Libre de Bruxelles, 2015, Doctorat Muhire, Innocent, Climate change and variability and their impacts on the yields of major food crops in Rwanda, University of Johannesburg, 2015, PhD Mugume, Peter, Environmental Conflicts Management in Rwanda: The Role of Decentralization. Institution, Göteborgs Universitet, 2015, PhD Mugwaneza, Alain-Bernard, Le royaume du Rwanda au miroir de la propagande missionaire: une mise en perspective historio-culturelle des articles publiés dans la revue missionaire (Pères blancs) ‘Grands lacs' à l'heure du mouvement des conversions massives: 1934-1940, Université de Fribourg, 2015, Maîtrise Mulindahabi, Charline, Obedience troubled? Exploring meanings of obedience in the post-genocide Rwanda, Göteborgs Universitet, 2015, PhD Musafili, Aimable, Child survival in Rwanda: Challenges and potential for improvement: Population- and hospital-based studies, Uppsala Universitet, 2015, PhD Mushuhukye, Benjamin, Memory as a Tool to National Reconciliation in the Post 1994 Genocide in Rwanda, eScholarship, University of California 2015, Master of Arts Ngaw, Raymond, Measuring quality of life in Africa: An alternative approach to economic development and the interpretation of progress, California State University, 2015, Master of Arts Nkurunziza, Joseph, Human Capital Development in Rwanda: Effects of Education, Social Protection and Rural Development Policies, Utrecht University, 2015, PhD Ntamazeze, Janvière, Trust and Capabilities: Experiences from Rwanda's Informal Financial Institutions, Göteborgs Universitet, 2015, PhD Ntirenganya, Jean Bosco, Rwandan University EFL Teachers' Perceived Difficulties in Implementing Communicative Language Teaching (CLT), Minnesota State University, 2015, Master of Arts Nowotny, Jordan, Local Perceptions of Justice and Identity Following Mass Participation in Rwanda's Gacaca Courts, University of Illinois-Chicago, 2015, PhD Nzayisenga, Marie Jeanne, Food (in)security in rural Rwanda: women's understanding, experiences and coping strategies, Göteborgs Universitet, 2015, PhD Obodoruku, Benedicta, Human information behavior among African refugees in Tanzania: An exploratory study of the Nyarugusu camp, Long Island University, 2015, PhD Ong'are, Peter Okeno, Music and reconciliation in the aftermath of the 1994 Rwandan genocide, Durham University, 2015, PhD Pagh, Mia, Educating a Nation: Civic Education and Governance in Rwanda, Roskilde University, 2015, Master of Arts Plourde, Philippe, Les enjeux de la relocalisation des acquittés des juridictions pénales internationales: analyse juridique d'une liberté qui ne rime pas avec facilité, Université Laval, 2015, Maîtrise Rahong, Séverin, La cour pénale internationale et les États africains, Université de Perpignan, 2015, Doctorat Rayens, Kelly, The Use of Improved Technology and Market-Based Incentives to Increase Forest Resource and Biodiversity Conservation in Rwanda, University of Kentucky, 2015, Master of Science Rieder, Philippe, Comparative Reconciliation Politics in Rwanda and Burundi, 2015, Concordia University, PhD Rusine-Bahunde, John, HIV drug resistance and hepatitis co-infections in HIV-infected adults and children initiating antiretroviral therapy in Rwanda, University of Amsterdam, 2015, PhD Rutayisire, Antoine, Designing a model of leadership development for missional pastors in the Anglican Church of Rwanda, Fuller Theological Seminary, 2015, Doctorat Rwunguko, Jean d'Amour, Quantification of transport demand of hybrid lighter than air in Rwanda through stated preference methods, Stellenbosch University, 2015, Master of Science Sayi, Takudzwa Sharon, Relationships between marriage and fertility changes in six Sub- Saharan African countries, Princeton University, 2005, PhD Scholz, Anton, Hutu, Tutsi and the Germans: Racial Cognition in Rwanda Under German Colonial Rule, Leiden University, 2015, Maîtrise Seitzinger, Paul, The influence of electoral institutions on the de-escalation of post- conflict situations, Leiden University, 2015, Maîtrise Silver, Camara; Edward, Kissi, The US Response To Genocide In Rwanda: A Reassessment, University of South Florida, 2015, Master of Arts Sibomana, Emmanuel, The role of distance education materials in addressing the professional development needs of high school English teachers in Rwanda, The University of the Witwatersrand, 2015, Phd Steflja, Izabela, (In)Humanity on Trial: On the Ground Perceptions of International Criminal Tribunals, University of Toronto, 2015, PhD Tegegn, Bertukan, Rural women land rights in Africa: comparative analysis of Ethiopia with selected African countries, Addis Ababa University, 2015, Master of Art Thomas, Debby, The Moderating Effects of Power Distance and Collectivism on Empowering Leadership and Psychological Empowerment and Self-Leadership in International Development Organizations, Regent University, 2015, PhD Tlapek, Sarah Myers, The Role of Trauma and Mental Health Problems in the Perpetration of Intimate Partner Violence in Post-Genocide Rwanda, Washington University-St. Louis, 2015, PhD Tuyisenge, Germaine, Mothers' Perceptions and Experiences of Accessing Maternal Health Care: Exploring the Role of Community Health Workers and Continuing Professional Development in Rwanda, University of Western Ontario, 2015, Master of Arts Ueberschär, Nicole, Spatial disparities in health center utilization in Huye District (Rwanda), Humboldt University of Berlin, 2015, Doctorat Umubyeyi, Aline, Intimate partner violence and its mental health and help seeking implications for young adults in Rwanda, Göteborgs Universitet, 2015, PhD Uwajeneza, Pauline, Continuous Professional Development in Rwanda: The Experience of Midwives who Participated in the Advanced Life Support in Obstetrics (ALSO) Educational Program, University of Western Ontario, 2015, Master of Science Uwamahoro, Claire, Effectiveness of Isoniazid preventive therapy on incidence of tuberculosis in adult people living with HIV in selected Districts of Rwanda, University of Zambia, 2015, Master of Science Uwineza, Jeannette, Entre-nous et Chez nous: aménagement d'espaces d'intervention pour la reconstruction psychique du survivant infecté par le VIH au Rwanda post-génocide, Université Catholique de Louvain, 2015, Doctorat Uzamukunda, Stephanie, Improving the existing farming systems toward a climate smart agriculture in Musanze district of Rwanda, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, 2015, Master of Science Van Geel, B., Screening of malnutrition in children under 5 years and provision of information in the rural areas of the Great Lakes region, Delft University of Technology, 2015, Master of Science Van Nuil, Jennifer Ilo, Abanyasida: Emergent subjectivities and socialities in Rwandan associations for people living with HIV, Wayne State University, 2015, PhD Wakelam, Sheila, A Post Occupancy Evaluation of the Education Spaces at the Ngeruka Health Center in Rwanda: Can the Design of the Built Environment Effect Healing?, Arizona State University, 2015, Master of Science Williams, Timothy, The things they learned: aspiration, uncertainty, and schooling in rural Rwanda, University of Bath, 2015, PhD Zaytzeff, Ariane, Performing Cultural Memory After the Genocide of the Tutsi: Near- Memory and the Reinvention of Culture in Rwanda, New York University, 2015, PhD HISTOIRE; TÉMOIGNAGE 2.1 HISTOIRE; ARCHEOLOGIE Adler, Alfred, "Anthropologie et histoire", L'Homme, 213, 2015, pp. 119-146. Bates, Robert, When Things Fell Apart: State Failure in Late-Century Africa, New York: Cambridge University Press, 2015, 202 p Beloff, Jonathan, "The Historical Relationship between Religion and Government in Rwanda", in Rectenwald, Michael; Almeida, Rochelle; Levine, George (eds), Global secularisms in a post-secular age, Boston: De Gruyter, 2015 pp. 205-222. Cron, Karl; Amini, Maren, Who killed Dian Fossey?, s.l.: Karl H. Cron Edition, 2015, Deploige, Guy; Jacquij, Philippe, Les bijoux de l'Indépendance: Congo, Rwanda, Burundi, 1960-1990, Bruxelles: Musée royal de l'armée et d'histoire militaire, 2015, 301 p. Gakuba, Laurent, Histoire du Rwanda, XIXe siècle: Règne sanglant du roi Kigeri IV Rwabugiri (1853-1895), Paris: Les Editions du Panthéon, 2015, 272 p. Giblin, John, "Archaeological Ethics and Violence in Post-genocide Rwanda", in Ruibal, Alfredo; Moshenska, Gabriel (eds), Ethics and the archaeology of violence, Wiesbaden: Springer VS, 2015, pp. 33-49. Kisak, Paul (ed), The Iron Age: Iron & Ancient Civilizations, CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform, 2015, 78 p. Lenoble-Bart, Annie (ed), Missionnaires et églises en Afrique et à Madagascar (XIXe- XXe siècles),Turnhout, Belgique: Brepols, 2015, 600 p. Mugesera, Antoine, Les conditions de vie des Tutsi au Rwanda de 1959 à 1990: Persécutions et massacres antérieurs au génocide de 1990 à 1994, Toulouse: Izuba, 2015, 360 p. Mugesera, Antoine, "Ingérences des militaires belges au Rwanda en 1963-64", La Nuit rwandaise, 9, 2015, 7 p. Nolan, Francis, Les Pères Blancs entre les deux guerres mondiales: histoire des missionnaires d'Afrique (1919-1939), Paris: Éditions Karthala, 2015, 432 p. Riot, Thomas, "A Roundabout Revolution: Rethinking the Decolonization of Rwanda by the Practices of the Catholic Scouting Movement, 1954-1964", The International Journal of the History of Sport, 32-7, 2015, pp. 939-951. Saur, Léon; Miara, Yannick, "Interview avec Léon Saur: les pièges de l'évidence", La Nuit rwandaise, 9, 2015, 49 p. Saur, Léon, "La Belgique a-t-elle encore peur de son passé colonial ?", La Nuit rwandaise, 9, 2015, 11 p. Schmitt, Stefan; Sozer, Amanda; Fowler, Gillian; Mazoori, Dallas, "Physicians for human rights: the role of forensic archaeology in transitional justice contexts", in Groen, M.; Márquez-Grant, N.; Janaway, R. (eds), Forensic archaeology: A global perspective, Chichester, UK: John Wiley, 2015, pp. 471-478 Van Suijlekom, Amber, Etnisch onderscheid in koloniaal Rwanda: Een onderzoek naar het Belgisch bestuur in Rwanda, Onderzoeksseminar III ‘Koloniale Ervaring', Universiteit Utrecht, 2015 (?), 28 p. Watkins, Sarah, "Umutoni: Why Histories of African Homosexualities Matter", Internet: Notches: (re)marks on the history of sexuality, January 13, 2015. 2.2 GÉNOCIDE; GUERRE Amoureux , Jack ,"Living in and beyond genocide in Rwanda", in Idem, A Practice of Ethics for Global Politics: Ethical Reflexivity, New York: Routledge, 2015, pp 142-171. Bartrop, Paul, Jacobs, Steven (eds), Modern Genocide: the definitive resource and document collection, Volume 4: Rwandan genocide, other atrocities, and international law, Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, 2015, pp. 1669-1846. Behuria, Pritish, "Peasants in Power: the Political Economy of Development and Genocide in Rwanda", Journal of Agrarian Change, 15-4, 2015, pp. 606-609. Berlatsky, Noah; Chalk, Frank, Rwanda, Farmington Hills, MI: Greenhaven Press, 2015, Bonnier, Evelina; Poulsen, Jonas; Rogall, Thorsten; Stryjan, Miri, Preparing for genocide: community work in Rwanda, Stockholm Institute of Transition Economics, Uppsala University, 2015 Brewaeys, Philip; Toch, Albert, Traqueurs de genocidaires: sur les traces des tueurs rwandais, Bruxelles: Renaissance du Livre, 2015, 192 p. Burnet, Jennie, "Rape as a weapon of genocide: gender, patriarchy, and sexual violence in Rwanda", in Randall, Amy (ed), Genocide and Gender in the Twentieth Century: A Comparative Survey, London: Bloomsbury Academic, 2015, pp 140-161. Campbell, Bradley, The geometry of genocide: a study in pure sociology, Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2015, 272 p. Cooper, Tom; Fontanellaz, Adrien, The Rwandan Patriotic Front 1990-1994, (Africa@War Series), Solihull, UK: Helion & Company, 2015, 72 p. 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Jerry, Sampson; Jones, Anderson; Koumana, Morgan; Sonit Education Academy, History Analysis Rwanda: Culture, People, Tourism; Environmental study on Rwanda, CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform, 2015, 170 p. Novelli, Marina, Tourism and Development in Sub-Saharan Africa: Current issues and local realities, New York: Routledge, 2015, 260 p. Ntunda, Joachim, Investigating the challenges of promoting dark tourism in Rwanda, Hamburg: Anchor Academic Publishing, 2015. Shaffer, Marguerite, "A Transnational Wildlife Drama: Dian Fossey, Popular Environmentalism, and the Origins of Gorilla Tourism", American Quarterly, 67-2, 2015, pp. 317-352. Van Schuylenbergh, Patricia, "Virunga, star des médias: les tribulations du plus ancien parc naturel d'Afrique", Le Temps des médias, 25, 2015, pp. 85-103. AGRICULTURE; RESSOURCES 4.1 AGRICULTURE; ÉLEVAGE; SYLVICULTURE; et al. Ali, Daniel Ayalew; Deininger, Klaus, "Is There a Farm Size-Productivity Relationship in African Agriculture? Evidence from Rwanda", Land Economics, 91-2, 2015, pp. 317-343. Bidogeza, Jean-Claude; Berentsen, Paul; de Graaff, Jan; Lansink, Alfons Oude, "Potential Impact of Alternative Agricultural Technologies to Ensure Food Security and Raise Income of Farm Households in Rwanda", Forum for Development Studies, 42-1, 2015, pp. 133-157. Dawson, N.; Martin, A., "Assessing the contribution of ecosystem services to human wellbeing: A disaggregated study in western Rwanda", Ecological Economics, 117, 2015, pp. 62-72. Dusengemungu, Leonidas, et al., "Rwanda: the Rubaya community gene bank", in Vernooy, Ronnie; Shrestha, Pitambar; Sthapit, Bhuwon (eds), Community seed banks: origins, evolution and prospects, Abingdon, UK: Routledge, 2015, pp. 153-157. Harrison, G., "Rwanda: an agrarian developmental state?", Third World Quarterly, november 2015, 17 p. DOI:10.1080/01436597.2015.1058147 Hydock, Kira, Culture and Animal Husbandry: An investigation into the traditional methods and cultural constraints of goat production and management among the people of the Muhanga District of Rwanda, African Studies and Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences, Pennsylvania State University, 2015, 60 p. Iraguha, Blaise; Hamudikuwanda, Humphrey; Mushonga, Borden, "Bovine mastitis prevalence and associated risk factors in dairy cows in Nyagatare District, Rwanda", journal of the South African Veterinary Association, 88-1, 2015, article 1228 Kanuya, N.; et al., Reproductive performance of artificially inseminated dairy cows under smallholder production system in selected areas of Rwanda and Tanzania, Tanzanina Veterinary Association; Sokoine University of Agriculture, 2015. Maniriho, Aristide, Determinants of Agricultural Production and Profitability in Rwanda, Saarbrücken: LAP Lambert, 2015. Muhinyuza, Jean Baptiste; Shimelis, Hussein; Melis, Rob; et al., "Yield Response and Late Blight Reaction of Potato Genotypes in Rwanda", American Journal of Potato Research, 92-1, 2015, pp. 10-22. Mureramanzi, J.; Bizimungu, G., "Pyrethrum in Rwanda", Acta Horticulturae, 1073, 2015, pp. 39-42. Mushonga, Borden; Habarugira, Gervais; Musabyemungu, Aline; et al., "Investigations of foreign bodies in the fore-stomach of cattle at Ngoma Slaughterhouse, Rwanda", Journal of the South African Veterinary Association, 86-1, 2015, article 1233 Mutimura, Mupenzi; Ebong, Cyprian; Rao, Idupulapati Madhusudana; et al., "Nutritional values of available ruminant feed resources in smallholder dairy farms in Rwanda", Tropical Animal Health and Production, 47-6, 2015, pp. 1131-1137. Ngendabanga, A.; Mutandwa, E., "Socio-demographic determinants of passing on the gift among livestock farmers: An examination of Send-A-Cow project in Kayonza and Rwamagana districts of Rwanda", Livestock Research for Rural Development, 27-9, 2015, http://www.lrrd.org/lrrd27/9/muta27185.html Nemeye, Pontiano; Gold, Clifford, A handbook for Sericulture Practices in Rwanda, Saarbrücken: LAP Lambert, 2015. Ordway, Elsa, "Political shifts and changing forests: Effects of armed conflict on forest conservation in Rwanda", Global Ecology and Conservation, 3, 2015, pp. 448-460 Rukundo, P.; Shimelis, H.; Laing, M.; Gahakwa, D., "Farmers' perceptions, production and productivity constraints, preferences, and breeding priorities of sweetpotato in Rwanda", HortScience, 50-1, 2015, pp. 36-43. Seburanga, Jean Leonard, "Black Wattle (Acacia mearnsii De Wild.) in Rwandas Forestry: Implications for Nature Conservation", Journal of Sustainable Forestry, 34-3, 2015, pp 276-299. Verhofstadt, E.; Maertens, M., "Can agricultural cooperatives reduce poverty? Heterogeneous impact of cooperative membership on farmers' welfare in Rwanda", Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy, 37-1, 2015, pp. 86-106. Wronski, T.; Plath, M.; Bariyanga, J.; Apio, A., "Interactions between wildlife, humans and cattle: Activity patterns of a remnant population of impala on the degraded Mutara Rangelands, Rwanda", Rangeland Journal, 37-4, 2015, pp. 357-365. 4.2 NUTRITION Habyarimana, Jean-Baptiste, "Determinants of Household Food Insecurity in Developing Countries: Evidences From a Probit Model for the Case of Rural Households in Rwanda", Sustainable Agriculture Research, 4-2, 2015, pp. 78-91. Niyibituronsa, M.; Kyallo, F.; Mugo, C.; Gaidashova, S., "The Effects of Household Food Practices and Diseases Prevalence on Nutritional Status of Under-Five Children in Ruhango District, Rwanda", African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition & Development, 15-1, 2015, pp. 9744-9761. Ochieng, Justus; Knerr, Béatrice, Market Orientation, Rural Out-migration, Crop Production and Household Food Security: The case of Smallholders in Central Africa, Kassel: Kassel University Press, 2015, 216 p. Ruranga, R.; Mutabaz, A., "Food Prices Transmission In Rwanda: Econometric Analysis", Rwanda Journal, Series B: Social Sciences, 2-1, 2015, pp 19-29. Sulyok, M.; Beed, F.; Boni, S.; Abass, A.; Mukunzi, A.; Krska, R., "Quantitation of multiple mycotoxins and cyanogenic glucosides in cassava samples from Tanzania and Rwanda by an LC-MS/MS-based multi-toxin method", Food Additives and Contaminants, 32-4, 2015, pp. 488-502. 4.3 EAU Abbott, Pamela; Tsinda, Aime; Sapsford, Roger; et al., "A critical evaluation of Rwanda's potential to achieve the millennium development goals for clean water and sanitation", Journal of Water Sanitation and Hygiene for Development, 5-1, 2015, pp. 136-142. Asumadu-Sarkodie, Samuel, "Situational Analysis of Flood and Drought in Rwanda", International Journal of Scientific and Engineering Research, 6-8, 2015, pp. 960-970. Benimana, J.; Wali, U.; Nhapi, I.; Anyemedu, F; Gumindoga, W, "Rainwater harvesting potential for crop production in the Bugesera district of Rwanda", African Journal of Agricultural Research, 10-19, 2015, pp. 2020-2031. Gasore, Geoffrey; Munyaneza, Jean de Dieu; Ngendabanga, Jean-Pierre; Twibanire, Aimable, "Design of Automatic Irrigation System for Small Farmers in Rwanda", Agricultural Sciences, 6-3, 2015, pp. 291-294 Huttinger, Alexandra; Dreibelbis, Robert; Roha, Kristin; et al., "Evaluation of Membrane Ultrafiltration and Residual Chlorination as a Decentralized Water Treatment Strategy for Ten Rural Healthcare Facilities in Rwanda", International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 12-10, 2015, pp. 13602-13623. Mugunga, C.; Kool, D.; Giller, K.; Van Wijk, M.; Mohren, G., "Water use by short rotation Eucalyptus woodlots in southern Rwanda", Agroforestry Systems, 89-6, 2015, pp.1119-1139. Nagel, Corey; Beach, Jack; Iribagiza, Chantal; Thomas, Evan, "Evaluating Cellular Instrumentation on Rural Handpumps to Improve Service Delivery: A Longitudinal Study in Rural Rwanda", Environmental Science & Technology, 49-24, 2015, pp. 14292-14300. Nigatu, Wondatir, "Quantitative Assessment of the Chemical Safety of Groundwater Wells in Two Selected Districts of Rwanda", International Journal of Environmental Protection and Policy, 3-4, 2015, pp. 104-110. Nshimyumuremyi, Esdras, "Solar Water Pumping System in Isolated Area to Electricity: The Case of Mibirizi Village (Rwanda)", Smart Grid and Renewable Energy, 6-2, 2015, pp. 27-39. Osei, Lydia; Amoyaw, Jonathan; Boateng, Godfred Odei; Boamah, Sheila; Luginaah, Isaac, "The paradox of water accessibility: understanding the temporal and spatial dimensions of access to improved water sources in Rwanda", Journal of Water Sanitation and Hygiene for Development, 2015, DOI: 10.2166/washdev.2015.029 Uwera, Claudine; Stage, Jesper, "Water Demand by Unconnected Urban Households in Rwanda", Water Economics Policy, 2015, 28 p., DOI: 10.1142/S2382624X14500027 Uwera C.; Choumert, J.; Stage, J., "Access to water as determinant of rental values: A housing hedonic analysis in Rwanda", Journal of Housing Economics, 26, 2015, pp. 48-54. Uwera, C.; Stage, J., "Individual status quo modelling for a rural water service in Rwanda: application of a choice experiment", Environment and Development Economics, 2015, 22 p., DOI: 10.1017/S1355770X15000364 Uwiragiye,Yves; Kasanziki, Charles, Evaluation of water quality for irrigation in Rugeramigozi (Rwanda), Saarbrücken: LAP Lambert, 2015. 4.4 FONCIER Ali, Daniel Ayalew; Deininger, Klaus; Ronchi, Loraine, Costs and Benefits of Land Fragmentation: Evidence from Rwanda, Washington, DC: The World Bank, 2015. Ali, Daniel Ayalew; Deininger, Klaus; Goldstein, Markus; La Ferrara, Eliana, Empowering women through land tenure regularization: evidence from the impact evaluation of the national program in Rwanda, Development research group case study, Washington, DC: World Bank Group, 2015, 6 p. Ali, Daniel; Deininger, Klaus; Goldstein, Markus; La Ferrara, Eliana; Duponchel, Marguerite, Determinants of participation and transaction costs in Rwanda's land markets, Washington, DC: International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, 2015. Bayisenge, Jeannette; Höjer, Staffan; Espling, Margareta, "Women's land rights in the context of the land tenure reform in Rwanda: The experiences of policy implementers", Journal of Eastern African Studies, 9-1, 2015, pp. 74-90. Bayisenge, Jeannette, "Women's Experiences of Land Conflicts in the Context of the Land Tenure Reform Program in Rwanda" International Journal of Gender & Women's Studies, 3-1, 2015, pp. 118-133 Isaksson, A.-S, "Unequal Property Rights: A Study of Land Right Inequalities in Rwanda", Oxford Development Studies, 43-1, 2015, pp 60-83. Leegwater, Margot, Sharing Scarcity Land Access and Social Relations in Southeast Rwanda, Leiden: African Studies Centre, 2015, 232 p. Musahara, Herman, "Consolidating land use in Rwanda: Inclusive and sustainable rural development and lessons from Tanzania", in Ståhl, Michael (ed), Looking back, looking ahead: land, agriculture and society in East Africa : a festschrift for Kjell Havnevik, Uppsala: The Nordic Africa Institute, 2015, pp 152-169. Tumwesigye, Wycliffe, Land Use Change and Slope Positions Affect Soil Organic Carbon, Kitabi Watershed, South Rwanda, Saarbrücken: LAP Lambert, 2015 Zevenbergen, J.; De Vries, Walter; Bennett, Rohan, Advances in responsible land administration, Boca Raton: CRC Press, 2015. 4.5 CLIMAT Adhikari, Umesh; Nejadhashemi, Pouyan; Woznicki, Sean, "Climate change and Eastern Africa: a review of impact on major crops", Food and Energy Security, 4-2, 2015, pp. 110-132. Bendito, A.; Twomlow, S., "Promoting climate smart approaches to post-harvest challenges in Rwanda", international Journal of Agricultural Sustainability, 13-3, pp. 222-239. Coates, Karen, "Rwanda is an International Development Success Story but Can it Survive Climate Change?", UN Dispatch, August 5, 2015, http://www.undispatch.com/rwanda-is-an-international-development-success-story-but-can-it-survive-climate-change/ Gebauer, Claudia; Doevenspeck, Martin, "Adaptation to climate change and resettlement in Rwanda", Area, 47-1, 2015, pp. 97-104. Mikova, Kseniia, "Effect of Climate Change on Crop Production in Rwanda", Earth Sciences, 4-3, 2015, pp. 120-128. Muhire, I.; Ahmed, F., "Spatio-temporal trend analysis of precipitation data over Rwanda", South African Geographical Journal, 97-1, 2015, pp. 50-68. Muhire, I.; Ahmed, F.; Abutaleb, K.; et al., "Impacts of projected changes and variability in climatic data on major food crops yields in Rwanda", International Journal of Plant Production, 9-3, 2015, pp, 347-371. Muhire, I.; Ahmed, F.; Abutaleb, K., "Relationships between Rwandan seasonal rainfall anomalies and ENSO events", Theoretical & Applied Climatology, 122-1/2, pp. 271-284 [ENSO: El Niño-South Oscillation] Nyandwi, Elias; Veldkamp, Tom; Amer, Sherif, "Regional climate sensitivity of wetland environments in Rwanda: the need for a location-specific approach", Regional Environmental Change, 2015, DOI 10.1007/s10113-015-0905-z Parker, Helen, Understanding patterns of climate resilient economic development: Rwanda, London: Overseas Development Institute, 2015, 41 p. Thomas, David, "Building a climate-friendly city", African Business, 425, 2015, pp. 26- 5.1 POLITIQUE NATIONALE Africa Research Bulletin: Political, Social and Cultural Series: "Rwanda: Third Term Debate", 52-10, November 2015, pp. 20742A–20742B. "EAC: Common Passport", 52-9, October 2015, pp. 20702A–20702B. "Rwanda: Constitutional Review", 52-8, September 2015, pp: 20672C–20673A. "Burundi-Rwanda: Frosty Relations", 52-8, September 2015, p. 20667B. "Rwanda: Kagame Support", 52-7, August 2015, pp. 20633B–20634A. "Rwanda: Third Term?", 52-6, July 2015, pp. 20599C–20600B. "Rwanda-UK: Spy Chief Arrested", 52-6, July 2015, pp. 20622C–20623B. "Rwanda: Tribunal Shuts Up Shop", 51-12, January 2015, pp. 20400B–20400C. Ankomah, Baffour, "Term Limit or No Term Limit", New African, 554, 2015, pp. 40-46. Amnesty International, "Rwanda", in Amnesty International Report 2014/15: The State of the World's Human Rights, London: AI, 2015, pp 310-313. Bentrovato, Denise, "Rwanda, twenty years on: assessing the RPF's legacy through the views of the Great Lakes Region's new generation", Cahiers d'études africaines, 218, 2015, pp. 231-254. Bowman, Warigia, "Imagining a Modern Rwanda: Sociotechnical Imaginaries, Information Technology, and the Postgenocide State", in Jasanoff, Sheila; Kim, Sang-Hyun (eds), Dreamscapes of modernity: sociotechnical imaginaries and the fabrication of power, Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2015, pp. 79-98. Butenschøn, Nils; Stiansen, Øyvind, "Rwanda", in Idem, Power-Sharing in Conflict- Ridden Societies: Challenges for Building Peace and Democratic Stability, Farnham, UK: Ashgate, 2015, pp 59-82. Cheeseman, Nic, Democracy in Africa: Successes, Failures, and the Struggle for Political Reform, Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2015, 268 p. Ezeanya, Chika, Home-grown and grassroots-based strategies for determining inequality towards policy action: Rwanda's Ubudehe approach in perspective, WIDER Working Paper 8/2015, Helsinki: United Nations University, World Institute for Development Economics Research, 2015, 17 p. Fisher, Jonathan; Anderson, David, "Authoritarianism and the securitization of development in Africa", International Affairs, 91-1, 2015, pp. 131-151. Freedom House, "Rwanda", Freedom on the Net 2015, Washington DC: Freedom House, Fye, Abdoulie, "Democratic Governance in Africa: Myth or Reality?", American Scientific Research Journal for Engineering, Technology & Sciences, 14-1, 2015, pp. 28-45. Gaynor, N., "‘A Nation in a hurry': the costs of local governance reforms in Rwanda", Review of African Political Economy, 41(SUP1), 2015, pp. 49-63. Goodfellow, Tom, "Taming the ‘Rogue' Sector", Comparative Politics, 47-2, pp. 127- Hackett, Terry, "‘The prison should not be an island' : the role of civil society in post- conflict correctional reform in Rwanda", Acta Criminologica: Southern African Journal of Criminology, Special Edition 1/2015, 2015, pp. 18-43. Hasselskog, Malin; Schierenbeck, Isabelle, "National policy in local practice: the case of Rwanda", Third World Quarterly, 36-5, May 2015, pp. 950-966. Hasselskog, Malin, "Participation or What? Local Experiences and Perceptions of Household Performance Contracting in Rwanda", Forum for Development Studies, 2015, DOI:10.1080/08039410.2015.1090477 Hasselskog, Malin, "Rwandan developmental ‘social engineering': What does it imply and how is it displayed?", Progress in Development Studies, 15-2, 2015, pp. 154-169 Hintjens, Helen, "‘As if there were two Rwandas': polarized research agendas in post- genocide Rwanda", in Hintjens, Helen; Žarkov, Dubravka (eds), Conflict, peace, security and development: theories and methodologies, New York: Routledge, 2015, pp. 133-149. Hollyer, James; Wantchekon, Leonard, "Corruption and Ideology in Autocracies", Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization, 31-3, 2015, pp. 499-533. Human Rights Watch, "Rwanda: Événements de 2014", Rapport mondial 2015, NY: Ingabire Umuhoza, Victoire, Entre les 4 murs du 1930: Notes de Mme Victoire Ingabire Umuhoza, 2010-2013, Bruxelles, Editions Scribe, 2015. Ingelaere, Bert, "Learning To Be Kinyarwanda in Postgenocide Rwanda: Immersion, Iteration, and Reflexivity in Times of Transition", Canadian Journal of Law and Society/Revue Canadienne Droit et Société, 30-2 2015, pp. 277-292. Klein, Katherine, "Reinventing Rwanda: A Conversation with President Paul Kagame", Inyternet: Knowledge@Wharton, October 22, 2015. Mpayimana, Philippe, Rwanda, regard d'avenir: Only forward looking, Paris: L'Harmattan, 2015, 301 p. Matfess, Hilary, "Rwanda and Ethiopia: Developmental Authoritarianism and the New Politics of African Strong Men", African Studies Review, 58-2, 2015, pp. 181-204. Mudge, Lewis; Human Rights Watch, "‘Why not call this place a prison?' Unlawful detention and ill-treatment in Rwanda's Gikondo Transit Center", New York: HRW, 2015. Musafiri, I., "The impact of local level institutions in addressing rural poverty in Nyamagabe district, Rwanda", International Journal of Interdisciplinary Organizational Studies, 10-1, 2015, pp. 11-25. Ndahiro, A.; Rwagatare, J.; Nkusi, A., Rwanda: Rebuilding of a Nation, Kampala: Fountain Publishers, 2015, 282 p. Pamuk, Haki; Bulte, Erwin; Adekunle, Adewale; Diagne, Aliou, "Decentralised Innovation Systems and Poverty Reduction: Experimental Evidence from Central Africa", European Review of Agricultural Economics, 42-1, 2015, pp. 99-127. Piccolino, Giulia, "Winning wars, building (illiberal) peace? The rise (and possible fall) of a victor's peace in Rwanda and Sri Lanka", Third World Quarterly, 36-9, 2015, pp. 1770-1785. Purdeková, Andrea, Making ubumwe: power, state and camps in Rwanda's unity-building project, New York: Berghahn Books, 2015, 306 p. Reyntjens, Filip, "Rwanda: Progress or Powder Keg?", Journal of Democracy, 26-3, 2015, pp. 19-33. Reyntjens, Filip, "The struggle over truth: Rwanda and the BBC", African Affairs, 114- 457, 2015, pp. 637-648. Reyntjens, Filip, "Chronique politique du Rwanda, 2014-2015", in Reyntjens, Filip; Vandeginste, S.; Verpoorten, M. (eds), L'Afrique des Grands Lacs: Annuaire 2014-1015, Antwerp: UPA University Press Antwerp, 2015, pp. 245-268. Rousso, Henry, "Un voyage au Rwanda: A la recherche du temps présent", Internet: Hypothèses, 11 mars 2005. Rugero, Pierre, Rwanda: les plans B de Kagamé ou comment il a roulé tout le monde, Suresnes: Éditions du Net, 2015, 192 p. Sebunuma, Déogratias, Le jugement de l'histoire: effets du néocolonialisme multinational au Rwanda, Issy-les-Moulineaux: Umusozo, 2015. Sommers, Marc, The Outcast Majority: War, Development, and Youth in Africa, Athens, GA: University of Georgia Press, 2015, 272 p. Soudan, François, Kagame: The President of Rwanda Speaks, Enigma Books 2015, 256 p. Soudan, François, L'homme de fer: conversations avec Paul Kagamé, président du Rwanda, Paris: Idées du monde, 2015, 128 p. Sundaram, Anjan, Bad news: last journalists in a dictatorship, New York: Doubleday, Turner, Simon, "Victims, saviors, and suspects: channeling mobility in post-genocide Rwanda", in Quirk, Joel; Vigneswaran, Darshan (eds), Mobility makes states: migration and power in Africa, Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2015, pp. 79-103. Watling, Jack, "Room for Debate in Rwanda", Internet: Foreign Policy Blog, 2 June Weisband, Edward; Courtney, Irene; Powell, Thomas, Political culture and the making of modern nation-states, New York: Routledge, 2015, 318 p. Yerbury, H., "Information practices of young activists in Rwanda", Information Research, 20-1, 2015, paper 656. Youngblood, Denise (ed), Rwanda: 2015 Country Review, Houston, TX: CountryWatch, Inc., 2015, 259 p. 5.2 AFFAIRES RÉGIONALES; EAC Barrios, Cristina, Congolese lessons for the Great Lakes, Issue Brief 3, Paris: The European Union Institute for Security Studies (EUISS), 27 February 2015. Basabose, Jean de Dieu, "Diplomatic tensions between Burundi and Rwanda: a call for peace", Internet: Insight on Conflict, October 15, 2015. Curtis, Devon, "Development assistance and the lasting legacies of rebellion in Burundi and Rwanda", Third World Quarterly, 36-7, July 2015, pp 1365-1381. Damman, Erin Kimball, "Rwanda's strategic humanitarianism: lessons from a janus- faced state", African Security, 8-1, 2015, pp. 30-55. Fisher, Jonathan, "Image management in East Africa: Uganda, Rwanda, Kenya and their donors", in Gallagher, Julia (ed), Images of Africa: creation, negotiation and subversion, Manchester, UK: Manchester University Press, 2015, pp. 63-85. Gilbin, J., "Towards an archaeology of recent conflict in western Great Lakes Africa", Journal of Conflict Archaeology, 10-2, 2015, pp.123-146 Grigsby, Wayne; Fox, Todd; Dabkowski, Matthew; Phelps, Andrea, "Globally Integrated Operations in the Horn of Africa through the Principles of Mission Command", Military Review, 95-5, 2015, pp. 8-18 Huening, Lars-Christopher, No mistaken identity: Kinshasa's press and the Rwandophone ‘other' (c. 1990-2005), Berlin: LIT Verlag, 2015, 360 p. International Rehabilitation Council for Torture Victims, Projets Grands Lacs: Fournir une réhabilitation holistique et à base communautaire aux victimes de torture au Burundi, en République Démocratique du Congo et au Rwanda, Copenhagen: IRTC, 2015, 30 p. Janzen, John, Opportunities and challenges of ‘war ethnography': anthropological engagement in the African Great Lakes region, Halle/Saale: Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology, 2015. Kasongo Safari, Gentil, "State Responsibility and the Right to Personal Security in the DRC: A Human Rights Law Perspective", African Journal of Legal Studies, 7-2, 2015, pp. 233-251. Katshingu, Rémy, Du miracle rwandais au paradoxe congolais (RDC): de la pauvreté à l'émergence économique, Paris: L'Harmattan, 2015, 324 p Lepetit, Laetitia; Rugemintwari, Clovis; Strobel, Frank, "Monetary, Financial and Fiscal Stability in the East African Community: Ready for a Monetary Union?", The World Economy, 38-8, 2015, pp. 1179-1204 Levine, Daniel; Nagar, Dawn, Security and governance in the Great Lakes Region, Cape Town: University of Cape Town, Centre for Conflict Resolution, 2015, 62 p. Magu, Stephen, "Dilemmas of East African Cooperation: Domestic Audience and Prisoner's Dilemma Approaches on Regional Integration", African Studies, 74-3, 2015, pp. 388-403. Maoulidi, Mohammed, "Conflict minerals continue to finance the destruction of the Democratic Republic of Congo", Africa Conflict Monitor, 6, Jun 2015, pp. 19-24 Mashimango, Abou-Bakr Abelard, Violences et conflits en Afrique des Grands Lacs: polémologie et géo-systémisme, Paris: Éditions L'Harmattan, 2015, 198 p. McKnight, S., "The rise and fall of the Rwanda-Uganda alliance (1981-1999)", African Studies Quarterly, 15-2, 2015, pp. 23-52. Ngari, Allan Rutambo, "Dealing with the legacy of mass atrocities in the Great Lakes: Rwanda, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of the Congo", in Bachmann, Klaus; Heidrich, Dorota (eds), The legacy of crimes and crises: transitional justice, domestic change and the role of the international community, Frankfurt am Main/New York Peter Lang GmbH, 2015 Nsabimana, A.; Ocran, M., "Money demand stability and inflation prediction in the EAC countries: Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania, and Uganda", Journal for Studies in Economics and Econometrics, 39-1, 2015, pp. 71-98. Ntalaja, Georges Nzongola, "The fragile state and crisis in Eastern Congo", African Journal of Democracy and Governance, 2-1/2, 2015, pp. 15-37. Ollandet, Jérôme, La conférence internationale sur la région des Grands Lacs: une dynamique nouvelle d'intégration en Afrique, Paris: L'Harmattan, 2015, 294 p. Perry, Alex, "Rwanda and Congo", in Idem, The rift: a new Africa breaks free, New York: Little, Brown and Company, 2015, pp. 131-170. Twagiramungu, Noel, "Embracing neo-liberalism in Uganda and Rwanda", in Lahai, John; Lyons, Tanya (eds), African Frontiers: Insurgency, Governance and Peacebuilding in Postcolonial States, Ashgate Pub Co, 2015, pp 41-54. United States Congress, House, Committee on Foreign Affairs, Subcommittee on Africa, Global Health, Global Human Rights, and International Organizations, Africa's Great Lakes region: a security, political, and humanitarian challenge: hearing before the Subcommittee on Africa, Global Health, Global Human Rights, and International Organizations of the Committee on Foreign Affairs, House of Representatives, One Hundred Fourteenth Congress, first session, October 22, 2015, Washington DC, 2015. United States Government Accountability Office, SEC conflict minerals rule: initial disclosures indicate most companies were unable to determine the source of their conflict minerals, Washington, DC: United States Government Accountability Office, 2015, 53 p. Van Wyk, Coen, "Peacekeeping dilemma in the Democratic Republic of Congo: Rwandan rebels remain a threat to national stability", Africa Conflict Monitor, 2, February 2015, pp. 61-67. Vollhardt, Johanna; Bilali , Rezarta, "The Role of Inclusive and Exclusive Victim Consciousness in Predicting Intergroup Attitudes: Findings from Rwanda, Burundi, and DRC", Political Psychology, 36-5, 2015, pp. 489-506. Wilen N., "From Foe to Friend? Army integration after war in Burundi, Rwanda and the Congo", International Peacekeeping, 11 November 2015 DOI: 10.1080/13533312.2015.1103187 5.3 RELATIONS INTERNATIONALES Bellamy, Alex, The responsibility to protect: a defense, Oxford, UK/New York: Oxford University Press, 2015. Gholiagha, Sassan, "‘To prevent future Kosovos and future Rwandas': A critical constructivist view of the Responsibility to Protect", International Journal of Human Rights,19-8, 2015, pp. 1074-1097. Gu, Jing; McCluskey, Rhiannon, "Is China's Role in African Fragile States Exploitative or Developmental?", IDS Policy Briefing Issue 91, 2015, 5 p. Hackenesch, Christine, "‘It's Domestic Politics, Stupid!': EU Democracy Promotion Strategies Meet African Dominant Party Regimes", World Development, 75, 2015, pp. 85-96. Holvoet, Nathalie; Inberg, Liesbeth, "Gender Mainstreaming in Sector Budget Support: The Case of the European Commission's Sector Support to Rwanda's Agriculture Sector", Journal of International Women's Studies, 16-2, 2015, pp. 155-169. Kabwete, C., "On Cultural And Academic Exchanges Between China And African Countries", Rwanda Journal, Series B: Social Sciences, 2-1, 2015, pp. 5-18. Marti, Philipp; Schär, Bernhard, "La Suisse et le Rwanda: un partenariat difficile", in Fenske, Uta; Groth, Daniel; Guse, Klaus-Michael; Kuhn, Bärbel, Colonisation et décolonisation dans les cultures historiques et les politiques de mémoire nationales en Europe, Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang, 2015, pp 201-215. Mills, Kurt, International responses to mass atrocities in Africa: responsibility to protect, prosecute, and palliate, Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2015. Mills, Kurt, "Rwanda: The Failure of ‘Never Again'", in Idem, International Responses to Mass Atrocities in Africa: Responsibility to Protect, Prosecute, and Palliate, Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2015, pp. 53-82. Musabyimana, Gaspard, "Que reproche la justice espagnole au général Karake Karenzi?", Internet: Musabyimana.net, 23 juin 2015. Pohl, Robin, Transboundary Cooperations in Rwanda: Organisation Patterns of Companies, Projects, and Foreign Aid Compared, Bielefeld: Transcript Verlag, 2016, 250 p. Sack, Kevin; Fink, Sheri, "Rwanda Aid Shows Reach And Limits of Clinton Fund", New York Times, 10/19/2015, pp.A1-A9. Walling, Carrie Booth, Human Rights Norms, "State Sovereignty, and Humanitarian Intervention", Human Rights Quarterly, 37-2, 2015, pp. 383-393. Wallis, Andrew, "Perfidious Albion? The strange case of General Karenzi Karake", Internet: Open Democracy, August 20, 2015. White, Dean, The ignorant bystander? Britain and the Rwandan genocide of 1994, Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2015. Widmaier, W.; Glanville, L., "The benefits of norm ambiguity: constructing the responsibility to protect across Rwanda, Iraq and Libya", Contemporary Politics, 21-4, 2015, pp. 367-383 Yankulije, Hilaire, Problématique d'alignement de l'aide internationale au Rwanda, Saarbrücken: Éditions universitaires européennes, 2015. 5.4 RÉFUGIÉS; DIASPORA Bolhuis, M.; Middelkoop, L.; van Wijk, J., "Refugee Exclusion and Extradition in the Netherlands: Rwanda as Precedent?", Journal of International Criminal Justice, 12-5, 2015, pp. 1115-1139. Boyce, Michael; Vigaud-Walsh, Francisca, "Asylum Betrayed: Recruitment of Burundian Refugees in Rwanda", Washington DC: Refugees International, December 14, 2015, 7 p. Brooks, David, "The Courage of Small Things", New York Times, 7 July 2015, p. A19. Clacherty, Glynis, "The Suitcase Project: Working with unaccompanied child refugees in new ways" in Palmary, Ingrid; Hamber, Brandon; Núñez, Lorena (eds), Healing and change in the city of gold: Case studies of coping and support in Johannesburg, Springer, 2015, pp. 13-30. Fitsanakis, Joseph, "Rwandan spies target government critics abroad: Canadian report", Internet: intelNews.org, August 14, 2015. Jaji, Rose, "Under the shadow of genocide: Rwandans, ethnicity and refugee status", Ethnicities, 2015, 19 p. DOI: 10.1177/1468796815603754 Kiza, Nicolas, "Rwanda: Nicolas Kiza, March 15, 2000", in Zaring, Aimee (ed), Flavors from Home: Refugees in Kentucky Share Their Stories and Comfort Foods, University Press of Kentucky, 2015, pp. 81-92. Lukhele, Sandile, "Burundi refugee crisis hits East Africa", Africa Conflict Monitor, 7, July 2015, pp. 42-46. Marijnen, Esther, "Dealing with dissent across borders: the ‘presence' of the Rwandan government in the Rwandan diaspora(s)", in Reyntjens, Filip; Vandeginste, S.; Verpoorten, M. (eds), L'Afrique des Grands Lacs: Annuaire 2014-1015, Antwerp: UPA University Press Antwerp, 2015, pp. 287-306. Rosenthal, Jill, "From 'migrants' to 'refugees': identity, aid, and decolonization in Ngara district, Tanzania", Journal of African History, 56-2, 2015, pp. 261-279. Ruiz, Isabel; Vargas-Silva, Carlos, "The Labor Market Impacts of Forced Migration", American Economic Review, 105-5, 2015, pp. 581-586. Sipsma, H.; Falb, K.; Willie, T.; Bradley, E.; Bienkowski, L.; Meerdink, N.; Gupta, J., "Violence against Congolese refugee women in Rwanda and mental health: a cross-sectional study using latent class analysis", BMJ Open, 5-4, 2015, e006299 Steele-Perkins, Chris, "The whole picture: A photographer's decades spent capturing refugee's stories, from Rwandans to the Rohingha", Index on Censorship, 44-1, 2015, pp. 38-42. Tomaszewski, Brian; Mohamad, Fahed Alhaj; Hamad, Yusuf, "Refugee Situation Awareness: Camps and beyond", Procedia Engineering, 107, 2015, pp 41-53. Verwimp, Philip; Maystadt, Jean-Francois, Forced displacement and refugees in Sub- Saharan Africa: an economic inquiry, Washington, DC: World Bank, 2015, 44 p. Wako, E.; de Jesus, S.; Zotti, M.; Beltrami, J.; Elliott, L.; Swahn, M., "Conflict, Displacement, and IPV: Findings From Two Congolese Refugee Camps in Rwanda", Violence Against Women, 21-9, 2015, pp. 1087-1101. [IPV: Intimate partner violence] Wines, Michael; Potenza, Alessandra, "From Rwanda to Harvard", New York Times, 20 April 2015, pp.14-15. 5.5 FRANCE Arfi, Fabrice, "Rwanda: les preuves d'un mensonge français", Internet: Mediapart, 1er Fédération internationale des droits de l'homme, "Procès de Pascal Simbikangwa: Retour sur un procès emblématique", Paris: FIDH, 2015, 22 p. Cameron, Hazel, "The French connection: complicity in the 1994 genocide in Rwanda", African security, 8-2, 2015, pp. 96-119. Gabet, Alain; Jahan, Sébastien, "‘Les faits sont têtus': vingt ans de déni sur le rôle de la France au Rwanda (1994-2014): Première partie: des faits qui accablent, Cahiers d'histoire: Revue d'histoire critique, 128, 2015, pp. 163-186. Maison, Rafaëlle, "Quand les historiens s'éveilleront: la France et le génocide des Tutsi du Rwanda", Internet: La Vie des idées, 11 septembre 2015, 10 p. http://www.laviedesidees.fr/Quand-les-historiens-s- eveilleront.html Nuit rwandaise (La), Quelles preuves faut-il de plus?, 9, 2015, 482 p. Éditorial: Quelles preuves faut-il de plus ? Chronologie: Résumé des procès en cours et des condamnations Sebudandi, Gaëtan, "Le procès des dirigeants des FDLR en Allemagne risque-t-il de s'enliser ?" Graner, François, "Attentat du 6 avril 1994 au Rwanda: où en est l'enquête française ?" Gouteux, Jean-Paul, "La Bible, manifeste génocidaire" Miara, Yannick, "Interview avec Léon Saur: les pièges de l'évidence" Mugesera, Antoine, "Ingérences des Militaires belges au Rwanda en 1963-64" Document d'archive, "Conseil de cabinet du gouvernement belge du 7 février 1964" Sitbon, Michel, "Ouverture des archives ?" Mugesera, Antoine, "Jane Corbin ou le recyclage des idées négationnistes" Johnson, Richard, "La BBC et l'Occident doivent revoir leur copie sur le Rwanda" Ndolimana, Tatien Miheto, "Lettre ouverte" Survie Gironde, "Alain Juppé démenti par la MIP" Survie, "Rwanda: lettre ouverte aux parlementaires suite à l'audition d'Hubert Védrine" Un collectif de chercheurs, "Rwanda, cette histoire qu'on ne veut pas voir" Pétition, "Silence français sur le génocide au Rwanda" Mukimbiri, Jean, "L'idéologie hamitique, qu'est-ce à dire ?" Gauthier, Alain; CPCR, "Pour vous éviter de lire le dernier Barril". Robardey, Michel, "Rwanda: justifier l'injustifiable par l'injustifiable?", 25 juin 2015; "Rwanda: La vérité des falsificateurs", 19 octobre 2015, "Rwanda: La vérité des falsificateurs", Internet: Mediapart. Roets, Damien, "Le génocide des Tutsi du Rwanda: la thèse des complicités françaises au prisme des exigences du droit pénal", Revue de science criminelle et de droit pénal comparé, 1, 2015, pp. 1-27. 5.6 ETATS-UNIS Blanton, Thomas; Willard, Emily, 1994 Rwanda Pullout Driven by Clinton White House, U.N. Equivocation, Washington, DC: National Security Archive, April 16, 2015. Bushnell, Prudence; Willard, Emily, Key Diplomat's Personal Notebook Sheds Light on Inner Workings of US Government Response to Genocide Unfolding in Rwanda in 1994: Ambassador Prudence Bushnell provides unique window into the making of US Foreign Policy during the Rwandan Genocide, Washington, DC: National Security Archive, January 30, 2015. Dieck, Helene, The influence of public opinion on post-Cold War US military interventions, New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015, 271 p. Dobbs, Michael; Willard, Emily; Blanton, Thomas, Rwanda Re-Examined: ‘Unprecedented' 2014 Conference Illuminates International Response (and Lack Thereof) to Genocide : Transcript, Documents, Rapporteur's Report Published Online, Marking 21st Anniversary, Washington, DC: National Security Archive, April 6, 2015. Lasas, Ainius, "Shadow of guilt: US-Rwandese Relations after the 1994 Genocide", in Ariffin, Yohan, Coicaud, Jean-Marc, Popovski, Vesselin (eds), Emotions in International Politics: Beyond Mainstream International Relations, Cambridge/New York: Cambridge University Press, 2015, pp. 254-276. Mbeko, Patrick, Guerre secrète en Afrique centrale: comment les États-Unis et la France se sont affrontés dans la région des Grands lacs, Saint-Denis: Kontre Kulture, 2015, 212 p. Snow, Keith Harmon, "U.S. Government Colludes in Assassination of Rwandan Hutu Intellectual", Internet: Dissident Voice, 12 September 2015. Vik, Cathinka, "The US Response to Rwanda", in Idem, Moral Responsibility, Statecraft, and Humanitarian Intervention: The US response to Rwanda, Darfur, and Libya, New York: Routledge, 2015, pp 31-66. 5.7 NATIONS UNIES Beardsley, Brent, "Rwanda: failure to apply the comprehensive approach", in Woycheshin, David (ed), The comprehensive approach: perspectives from the field, Kingston, Ontario: Canadian Defence Academy, 2015. Bjorkdahl, A.; Selimovic, Mannergren, J., "Translating UNSCR 1325 from the global to the national: protection, representation and participation in the National Action Plans of Bosnia-Herzegovina and Rwanda", Conflict, Security and Development, 15-4, 2015, pp. 311-335 Hilaire, Max, "The Conflict in Rwanda", in Idem, Waging peace: the United Nations Security Council and transnational armed conflicts, Berlin: Logos Verlag, 2015, pp. 69-81. Karlsrud, John, Norm Change in International Relations: Linked Ecologies in UN Peacekeeping Operations, New York: Routledge, 2015, 176 p. Melvern, Linda, "United Nations Observer Mission Uganda: Rwanda (UNOMUR) and United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda I (UNAMIR I)", in Koops, Joachim; MacQueen, Norrie; Tardy, Thierry; Williams, Paul (eds), The Oxford handbook of United Nations peacekeeping operations, Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 2015, pp. 462-472 Melvern, Linda, "United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda II (UNAMIR II)", in Koops, Joachim; MacQueen, Norrie; Tardy, Thierry; Williams, Paul (eds), The Oxford handbook of United Nations peacekeeping operations, Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 2015, pp. 473-483. Scott, Michael; Linklater, Magnus, Scapegoats: thirteen victims of military injustice, London: Skyhorse Publishing, 2015. [Dallaire] 6.1 SOCIÉTÉ; DÉMOGRAPHIE Ahmad, Nadeem; Shoaib, Umar; Prinetto, Paolo, "Usability of Online Assistance From Semiliterate Users' Perspective", International Journal of Human-Computer Interaction, 31-1, 2015, pp. 55-64. Borgen Project (The), Seattle, WA, http://borgenproject.org All About Renewable Energy in Rwanda, December 5, 2015 Gender Equality in Rwanda Ranks in Top 10, December 2, 2015 Education in Rwanda: Highest Enrollment Rates in Africa, September 22, 2015 Rwandan Parliament Seeks to Increase Maternity Coverage, September 5, 2015 Women Entrepreneurs in Rwanda: Overcoming Gender Barriers, September 2, 2015 Deworming Rwanda, August 1, 2015 Rwanda Calls to End Tied Aid from Donors, July 24, 2015 3 Lessons Learned about Eye Care in Rwanda, July 20, 2015, Is Progress in Rwanda a Development Success?, May 28, 2015 How Rwanda Reduced Its Child Mortality Rate, May 8, 2015 Brathwaite, Rachel; Addo, Juliet; Smeeth, Liam; Lock, Karen, "A Systematic Review of Tobacco Smoking Prevalence and Description of Tobacco Control Strategies in Sub-Saharan African Countries, 2007 to 2014", PLoS ONE, 10-7, 2015, 16 p. Dobra, Adrian; Williams, Nathalie; Eagle, Nathan, "Spatiotemporal Detection of Unusual Human Population Behavior Using Mobile Phone Data", PLoS One, 10-3, 2015, 20 p. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0120449 Fujii, L., "Five stories of accidental ethnography: turning unplanned moments in the field into data", Qualitative Research, 15-4, 2015, pp. 525-539 Garretson, Lauren, Storytelling as Self-Empowerment: A Case Study of AVEGA Beneficiaries in Post-Genocide Rwanda, Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection, Paper 2036, Brattleboro, VT: SIT Graduate Institute 2015. Golaz, Valérie; Thibon, Christian, Enfants et jeunes hors les liens en Afrique de l'Est, Nairobi: IFRA/Paris: Karthala, 2015, 338 p. Gourevitch, Philip, You Hide That You Hate Me and I Hide That I Know: Living With It in Rwanda, Penguin USA, [2014] 2015. Habyarimana, F.; Zewotir, T.; Ramroop, S., "Analysis of demographic and health survey to measure poverty of household in Rwanda", Etude de la Population Africaine, 29-1, 2015, pp. 1472-1482. Hakizimana, Ernest; Sebuhoro, Celestin, "Problématique identitaire des adolescents ‘enfants de remplacement': Cas du district de Huye, Rwanda", Le Journal des psychologues, 332, 2015, pp. 19-55. Hanna, Osseily, "Life after the genocide (Rwanda)", in Idem, Music and coexistence: a journey across the world in search of musicians making a difference, Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2015. Harre, Dominique; Gazel, Hervé; Moriconi-Ebrard, François, "Les nouveaux territoires urbains d'Afrique de l'Est", Territoire en mouvement Revue de géographie et aménagement, 27-28, 2015, DOI: 10.4000/tem.3100 Kamagaju, L.; Morandini, R.; Gahongayire, F.; Stévigny, C.; Ghanem, G.; Pirotte G.; Duez, P., "Survey on skin-lightening practices and cosmetics in Kigali, Rwanda", International Journal of Dermatology, 13 mars 2015 Doi: 10.1111/ijd.12833. Kanyoni M.; Gishoma D.; Ndahindwa V., "Prevalence of psychoactive substance use among youth in Rwanda", BMC Research Notes, 20158-190, DOI: 10.1186/s13104-015-1148-2 Kuehr, Manuela, "Rwanda's Orphans: Care and Integration During Uncertain Times", Stability: International Journal of Security & Development, 4-1, 2015, DOI: http://doi.org/10.5334/sta.fg Musafili, A.; Essén, B.; Baribwira, C.; Binagwaho, A; Persson, L., "Trends and social differentials in child mortality in Rwanda 1990-2010: Results from three demographic and health surveys", Journal of epidemiology and community health, 69-9, 2015, pp. 834-840. Mutagoma, M.; et al., "Estimation of the size of the female sex worker population in Rwanda using three different methods", International Journal of STD & AIDS, 26-11, 2015, pp. 810-814 Nyamwasa, D.; Sinayobye, F.; Munyankindi, L.; Ndejuru, R.; Schafer, I.; Munyashongore, C., "Prise en charge holistique des victimes de la violence conjugale: une étude rétrospective de 243 cas colligés à Isange One Stop Center, hôpital de police de Kacyiru, Kigali, Rwanda", Rwanda Medical Journal, 72-2, 2015, pp. 8-12 Rubanzana, Wilson; Ntaganira, Joseph; Freeman, Michael; Hedt-Gauthier, Bethany, "Risk factors for homicide victimization in post-genocide Rwanda: a population-based case-control study", BMC Public Health, 15-1, 2015, p. 809. DOI: 10.1186/s12889-015-2145-z. Rwamo, Athanase, "L'OPDE dans l'Afrique des Grands Lacs, au Rwanda et en RDC", in Idem, La rue, refuge et calvaire, Paris: L'Harmattan, 2015, pp. 129-134. [Oeuvre pour la Protection et le Développement de l'Enfance en Difficulté] Semana, Tharcisse, Aux origines de la morale rwandaise: us et coutumes, du legs aux funérailles, Paris: L'Harmattan, 2015, 126 p. Serupia, E., "Human Resource Management: Exploratory Study on Job Satisfaction of the Personnel in Public Service in Rwanda", Rwanda Journal, Series B: Social Sciences, 2-1, 2015, pp. 65-81. Shearer, Samuel, "Producing sustainable futures in post-genocide Kigali, Rwanda", in Isenhour, Cindy; McDonogh, Gary; Checker, Melissa (eds), Sustainability in the global city: myth and practice, New York: Cambridge University Press, 2015. Staub, Ervin, The roots of goodness and resistance to evil: inclusive caring, moral courage, altruism born of suffering, active bystandership, and heroism, Oxford/New York: Oxford University Press, 2015. Turner, Simon, "Making Good Citizens from Bad Life in Post-Genocide Rwanda" (ch 2), in Anders, Gerhard; Zenker, Olaf (eds), Transition and justice: negotiating the terms of new beginnings in Africa, Chichester, UK: Wiley Blackwell, 2015. Uwanziga, Joy Nzamwita, Manners in Rwanda: basic knowledge on Rwandan culture, customs, and Kinyarwanda language, Portland, OR : Inkwater, 2015. Walton, Rebecca; Zraly, Maggie; Mugengana, Jean Pierre, "Values and Validity: Navigating Messiness in a Community-Based Research Project in Rwanda", Technical Communication Quarterly, 24-1, 2015, pp. 45-69. 6.2 MÉMOIRE Auchter, Jessica, "Conceptualising Alternative Forms of Justice: the Politics of Memorialisation in Rwanda", in Idem, Performance of memory as transitional justice, Cambridge; Antwerp ; Portland : Intersentia, 2015, pp 167-179. Blair, Luke; Stevenson, John, "What Do the Dead Say? The Architecture of Salvific Discourses in Post-Genocide Rwanda", Journal of Power, Politics & Governance, 3-1, 2015, pp. 27-45. Gishoma, D.; Brackelaire, J-L.; Munyandamutsa, N.; Mujawayezu, J.; Mohand, A.; Kayiteshonga, Y., "Remembering and Re-Experiencing Trauma during Genocide Commemorations: The Effect of Supportive-Expressive Group Therapy in a Selected District Hospital in Rwanda", Rwanda Journal, 2-2, 2015, pp. 46-53. Ibreck, Rachel, "International constructions of national memories: the aims and effects of foreign donors' support for genocide remembrance in Rwanda", in Jenkins, Tiffany (ed), Political culture, soft interventions and nation building, London: Routledge/Taylor & Francis, 2015, pp. 149-169. Korman, Rémi, "Mobilising the dead? The place of bones and corpses in the commemoration of the Tutsi genocide in Rwanda", Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 1-2, 2015, pp. 56-70. Korman, Remi, "Bury or display? The politics of exhumation in post genocide Rwanda", in Gessat-Anstett, Élisabeth; Dreyfus, Jean-Marc (eds), Human remains and identification: mass violence, genocide, and the ‘forensic turn', Manchester, UK: Manchester University Press, 2015. Ndushabandi, Eric, "La gouvernance des mémoires au Rwanda au travers du dispositif ‘ingando': une analyse critique des représentations sociales", Journal of African Conflicts and Peace Studies, 2-2, 2015, pp. 37-61. Rahman, Smita, Time, memory, and the politics of contingency, New York: Routledge, Selimovic, Johanna Mannergren, "Frictional commemoration: Local agency and cosmopolitan politics at memorial sites in Bosnia-Herzegovina and Rwanda", in Björkdahl, Annika; et al. (eds), Peacebuilding and friction global and local encounters in post conflict societies, New York: Routledge, 2015. 6.3 RECONCILIATION Davidson, Alastair, Migration in the age of genocide: law, forgiveness and revenge, Springer Switzerland, 2015, 210 p. Froming, William, "Healing in a postgenocidal country", Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology, 21-4, 2015, pp. 560-564. Heim, L.; Schaal, S., "Construction, Application, and Validation of a Reconciliation Questionnaire in a Sample of Rwandans", Peace and Conflict Journal of Peace Psychology, 21-3, 2015, DOI: 10.1037/pac0000100 Junod, Roland; Rutayisiré, Paul, Citoyenneté et réconciliation au Rwanda, Genève: Institut d'Etudes Sociales, 2015. Kamuzinzi, M., "Altruism and "Strategic Game" in Post-Genocide Interpersonal Reconciliation", Rwanda Journal, Series B: Social Sciences, 2-1, 2015, pp 49-64. King, Régine Uwibereyeho; Sakamoto, Izumi, "Disengaging from genocide harm-doing and healing together between perpetrators, bystanders, and victims in Rwanda", Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology, 21-3, 2015, pp. 378-394 Kopwe, Emmanuel, "Mediation between ethnic groups: the Rwanda and Burundi experience", in Schreiter, Robert; Jørgensen, Knud (eds), Mission as ministry of reconciliation, Oxford: Regnum Books; Eugene, OR: Wipf & Stock Publishers, 2015. Lindsay, Annelisa, "Competing narratives in Rwandan reconciliation", in Bird, Elizabeth; Ottanelli, Fraser (eds), The performance of memory as transitional justice, Cambridge : Intersentia, 2015, pp. 81-96. Melvin, Jennifer, Reconciling Rwanda: unity, nationality and state control, London: Institute of Commonwealth Studies, 2015, 232 p. Mtukwa, T., "Informal Peacebuilding Initiatives in Africa: Removing the Table", African Journal on Conflict Resolution,15-1, 2015, pp. 85-106. Plancke, Carine, "Donner corps au ‘Nouveau Rwanda': Danse et reconstruction post- génocidaire", Cahiers d'études africaines, 220, 2015, pp. 711-738. Rosoux, Valérie, "Post-Conflict Reconciliation: A Humanitarian Myth?",in Gibbons, P.; Heintze, H.-J. (eds), The Humanitarian Challenge: 20 Years European Network on Humanitarian Action (NOHA), Springer International, pp 47-69. Ruben, Ruerd, "The role of donors in post-conflict reconciliation processes: Balancing material and behavioral dimensions", in Del Felice, Celina; Karako, Aaron; Wisler, Andria (eds), Peace education evaluation: Learning from experience and exploring prospects, IAP Information Age Publishing, 2015, pp. 223-237. Samputu, Jean Paul, "Rwanda", in Cantacuzino, Marina (ed), The ‘Forgiveness project': stories for a vengeful age, London: J. Kingsley, 2015, pp. 158-161. Steward, John, From genocide to generosity: hatreds heal on Rwanda's hills, Carlisle: Langham Global Library, 2015. Vidal, Claudine, "Rwanda: la question du pardon", Internet: La Vie des idées, 25 mai Wolfe, Stephanie, "The politics of reparations and apologies: historical and symbolic justice within the Rwandan context", in Bird, Elizabeth; Ottanelli, Fraser (eds), The performance of memory as transitional justice, Cambridge: Intersentia, 2015. 6.4 EDUCATION Akinyemi, Felicia, "An Assessment of GIS Use for Teaching in Rwandan Secondary Schools", Geography Teacher, 12-1, 2015, pp. 27-40. Ampofo, S.; Bizimana, B.; Ndayambaje, I.; Karongo, V.; Lawrence, K.; Orodho, J., "Social and Spill-Over Benefits as Motivating Factors to Investment in Formal Education in Africa: A Reflection around Ghanaian, Kenyan and Rwandan Contexts", Journal of Education and Practice, 6-11, 2015, pp. 134-147. Anderson, B., "A survey of law libraries in Rwanda", Law Library Journal, 107-2, 2015, Babaci-Wilhite, Zehlia, Language, development aid and human rights in education: curriculum policies in Africa and Asia, Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015. Bahati, Bernard, "Extending Students' Discussions Beyond Lecture Room Walls via Facebook", Journal of Education and Practice, 6-15, 2015, pp. 160-171. Bentrovato, Denise, Narrating and Teaching the Nation: The Politics of Education in Pre- and Post-genocide Rwanda, Göttingen, Germany: V&R Unipress, 274 p. Condo, J.; et al., "From global partnerships to pay for performance (P4P): Opportunities for achieving academic excellence in higher learning institutions in Rwanda", Annals of Global Health, 81-1, 2015, pp. 142-143 Cunningham, Jeremy, Conflict transformation through school: a curriculum for sustainable peace, Stoke-on-Trent, UK: Trentham Books, 2015, 200 p. Gahamanyi, Vincent; Kettlewell, Andrew, "Evaluating Graduation: Insights from the Vision 2020 Umurenge Programme in Rwanda", IDS Bulletin, 46-2, 2015, pp. 48-63. Gathoni, N.; Kamau, N.; Nannozi, J.; Singirankabo, M., "International Trends in Health Science Librarianship; Part 14: East Africa (Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda)", Health Information and Libraries Journal, 32-2, 2015, pp.150-155. Godwyll, Francis; Magadla, Siphokazi, "Educating postconflict societies: lessons from Rwanda and Liberia", in Ensor, Marisa (ed), African childhoods: education, development, peacebuilding, and the youngest continent, New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015. Harinda, Eugen; Ntagwirumugara, Etienne, "Security & Privacy Implications in the Placement of Biometric-Based ID Card for Rwanda Universities", Journal of Information Security, 6-2, 2015, pp. 93-100. Kasajja, Emmanuel; Idowu, Abraham; Banaga, Corazon, Analysis of job satisfaction of faculty in universities in Rwanda, Saarbrücken: LAP Lambert, 2015. King, Elisabeth, From classrooms to conflict in Rwanda, Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2015, 226 p. Lesser, Mishy, "Othering: Lessons from Rwanda for America's Schools", in Amster, Randall; Finley, Laura; Pries, Edmund; Richard McCutcheon (eds), Peace studies between tradition and innovation, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2015, pp. 138-153. Maniraho, Jean Francois; Christiansen, Iben, "How Rwandan Grade 6 Mathematics Teachers Teach: A First Investigation", Journal of Education and Practice, 6-32, 2015, pp. 148-158. Mbarushimana, Valens, Etat d'avancement de la politique de décentralisation de l'eeducation: La province de Kigali-Ngali, Rwanda, en 2004, Saarbrücken: Éditions universitaires européennes, 2015. Moshman, D., "Identity, history, and education in Rwanda: Reflections on the 2014 Nobel Peace Prize", Child Abuse and Neglect, 44, 2015, 4 p. Doi: 10.1016/j.chiabu.2015.01.004. Nizeyimana, Gerard; Yonah, Zaipuna; Nduwingoma, Mathias, "Fostering Distance Training Programme (DTP): Students' Access to Semester Examination Results via SMS at University of Rwanda-College of Education", Journal of Education and Practice, 6-6, 2015, pp. 56-63. Nkurunziza, Joseph; Broekhuis, A.; Hooimeijer, P., "Do Poverty Reduction Programmes Foster Education Expenditure? New Evidence from Rwanda", Journal of Asian and African Studies, August 4, 2015, 0021909615595988, 19 p. Ntakiyimana Jean Félix Aimable, The role of 9YBE Policy in Promoting Education For All in Rwanda, Saarbrücken: LAP Lambert, 2015. Oguntoyinbo, Lekan, "African Allure", Diverse: Issues in Higher Education, 31-26, 2015, pp. 10-11. Otara, Alfred, "Internal Quality Assurance in Higher Education from Instructors Perspectives in Rwanda: a Mirage or Reality", Journal of Education and Human Development, 4-2, 2015, pp. 168-174. Pettigrew, Luisa; MacVicar, Ronald, "Overcoming challenges in primary care education: Stories from Rwanda" Education for Primary Care, 26-5, 2015, pp. 342-351 Rusanganwa, Joseph, "Developing a multimedia instrument for technical vocabulary learning: a case of EFL undergraduate physics education", Computer Assisted Language Learning, 28-2, 2015, pp. 97-111. Russell, Susan Garnett, "Global civil society and education policy in post-genocide Rwanda", International Sociology, 30-6, 2015, pp. 599-618.
Sabates-Wheeler, Rachel; Yates, Samantha; Wylde, Emily; Gatsinzi, Justine, "Challenges of Measuring Graduation in Rwanda", IDS Bulletin, 46-2, 2015, pp. 103-114. Sabates, Ricardo; Devereux, Stephen, "Evidence on Graduation in Practice: Concern Worldwide's Graduation Programme in Rwanda", IDS Bulletin, 46-2, 2015, pp. 64-73. Schendel, Rebecca, "Critical thinking at Rwanda's public universities: Emerging evidence of a crucial development priority", International Journal of Educational Development, 42, 2015, pp. 96-105. Semanyenzi, S.; Karimurio, J.; Nzayirambaho, M., "Prevalence and pattern of refractive errors in high schools of Nyarugenge district", Rwanda Medical Journal, 72-3, 2015, pp. 8-13. Talley, Lauren; Brintnell, Sharon, "Scoping the barriers to implementing policies for inclusive education in Rwanda: an occupational therapy opportunity", International Journal of Inclusive Education, 2015, 19 p. DOI:10.1080/13603116.2015.1081634 Tomaszewski, Brian; Vodacek, Anthony; Parody, Robert; Holt, Nicholas, "Spatial Thinking Ability Assessment in Rwandan Secondary Schools: Baseline Results", Journal of Geography, 114-2, 2015, pp. 39-48. Williams, T.; Mupenzi, A.; Abbott, P.,"‘Education at our school is not free': the hidden costs of fee-free schooling in Rwanda", Compare, 45-6, 2015, pp. 931-952. Williams, Timothy, Great expectations: aspiration, uncertainty and schooling in Rwanda, Reading, UK: CfBT Education Trust, 2015, 20 p. 6.5 FEMMES Ahgtaie, Nadia, Understanding gender based violence: national and international contexts, New York: Routledge, 2015, 264 p. Ainsworth, Anna, "The cracks and the crevices: Rwandan women in the diaspora navigating gender regimes in Rwanda and Canada", in Shizha, Edward; Diallo, Lamine (eds), Africa in the age of globalisation: perceptions, misperceptions and realities, Burlington, VT: Ashgate Publishing, 2015. Berry, M., "When "bright futures" fade: Paradoxes of women's empowerment in Rwanda", Signs, 41-1, 2015, pp. 1-27. Berry, Marie, "From Violence to Mobilization: Women, War, and Threat in Rwanda", Mobilization, 20-2, 2015, pp. 135-156. Cohen, M.; Benekigeri, C.; Fabri, M., "Gender-Based Violence and HIV in Rwanda: Respecting Women's Voices", Journal of Women's Health, 24-9, 2015, pp. 784-785 Ephgrave, N., "Women's testimony and collective memory: Lessons from South Africa's TRC and Rwanda's gacaca courts", European Journal of Women's Studies, 22-2, 2015, pp. 177-190. Hebert, L., "Women Run the Show? Gender Violence Reform and the ‘Stretching' of Human Rights in Rwanda", Journal of Human Rights (London), 14-1, 2015, pp. 23-40. Issifu, Abdul, "The Role of African Women in Post-Conflict Peacebuilding: The Case of Rwanda", Journal of Pan African Studies, 8-9, 2015, pp. 63-78. Kagaba, Mediatrice, "Women's experiences of gender equality laws in rural Rwanda: the case of Kamonyi District", Journal of Eastern African Studies, 9-4, 2015, pp. 574-592. Kamatali, Jean-Marie, "Rwanda: Balancing Gender Quotas and an Independent Judiciary", in Bauer, Gretchen; Dawuni, Josephine (eds), Gender and the Judiciary in Africa: From Obscurity to Parity?, New York: Routledge, 2015, pp 137-151. King, Regine Uwibereyeho, "Wounds of Genocide Rape: The Experiences of Two Women in Rwanda", in Flaherty, Maureen; Matyók, Thomas; Byrne, Sean; Tuso, Hamdesa (eds), Gender and peacebuilding: all hands required, Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 2015. Mageza-Barthel, Rirhandu, Mobilizing transnational gender politics in post-genocide Rwanda, Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2015, 201 p. Mannell, Jenevieve; Jackson, Sharon; Umutoni, Aline, "Women's responses to intimate partner violence in Rwanda: Rethinking agency in constrained social contexts", Global Public Health, 11-1/2, 2015, pp. 65-81. McIlvaine, Kassie; Oser, Corey; Lindsey, Julianna; Blume, Maia, "Confidence, Capacity Building and Cash: Achieving Sustained Impact for Ultra-poor Women", IDS Bulletin, 46, 2015, pp. 83-92. Morojele, Naleli, Women Political Leaders in Rwanda and South Africa: Narratives of Triumph and Loss, Leverkusen: Barbara Budrich, 2016, 160 p. Nadj, Daniela; Manjoo, Rashida, "'Bridging the Divide': An Interview with Professor Rashida Manjoo, UN Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women", Feminist Legal Studies, 23-3, 2015, pp. 329-347. Ndahayo, Emmanuel; Dufatanye, Aimable-André, La violence politico-militaire contre les femmes au Rwanda: de Ndabaga à Ingabire, Lille: Sources du Nil, 2015, 289 p. Rwahigi, Matthew; Ministry of Gender and Family Promotion, Rwandan woman: empowered Rwandan women making things happen, Kigali: Independent Publications Ltd., 2015. Smeulers, A., "Female perpetrators: ordinary and extra-ordinary women", International Criminal Law Review,15-2, 2015, pp. 207-253. Thomson, Dana; Bah, Assiatou; Rubanzana, Wilson; Mutesa, Leon, "Correlates of intimate partner violence against women during a time of rapid social transition in Rwanda: analysis of the 2005 and 2010 demographic and health surveys", BMC Women's Health, 15, 2015, 13 p. DOI: 10.1186/s12905-015-0257-3 Were, Joseph, Women of Rwanda: policies, people, progress, Kampala: Independent Publications Ltd., 2015, 86 p. Zaytzeff, Ariane; Katese, Odile Gakire, "Odile Gakire Katese: Making Art & Reinventing Culture with Women", in Banham, Martin; Gibbs, James; Osofisan, Femi (eds), African Theatre 14: Contemporary Women, Martlesham, UK: James Currey, 2015, pp. 85–96. 6.6 LINGUISTIQUE; SOCIO-LINGUISTIQUE ––, "Rwanda Sued over Lack of French", Language Magazine, 14-5, 2015, p. 16. Borg, Paul, "Rwanda's French-to-English ‘Language Switch': A Discussion of Policy Motivations, Challenges and Implications", The Journal of Gifu College of Economics, 48-2/3, 2015, pp. 65-85. Gafaranga, Joseph, "Translinguistic apposition in a multilingual media blog in Rwanda: towards an interpretive perspective in language policy research", Language in society, 44-1, 2015, pp. 87-112. Leclerc, Jacques, "Rwanda", in L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, Québec: CEFAN, Université Laval, 24 décembre 2015, http://www.axl.cefan.ulaval.ca/afrique/rwanda.htm Luoch, Tom Onditi, "The myth of language as a unifying factor: conflict in monolingual Rwanda and Somalia", in Nasong'o, Shadrack Wanjala (ed), The roots of ethnic conflict in Africa: from grievance to violence, New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015. Minkyung, Lee, "Resolving Hiatus in Kinyarwanda Morphology", Korean Journal of Linguistics, 40-2, 2015, pp. 213-235. Muaka Leonard, "The role of English in Rwanda's changing linguistic landscape", in Michieka, Martha; Elhindi, Yousif (eds), The changing roles of English in eastern Africa, Champaign, IL: Common Ground Publishing, 2015. Nassenstein, Nico, "Imbugo y'Umuhanda: youth language practices in Kigali (Rwanda)", in Nassenstein, Nico; Hollington, Andrea (eds), Youth language practices in Africa and beyond, Berlin/Boston: De Gruyter Mouton, 2015. Tirrell, Lynne, "Listen to What You Say: Rwanda's Postgenocide Language Policies", New England Journal of Public Policy, 27-1, 2015, article 4, 24 p. Zeller, Jochen; Ngoboka, Jean Paul, "On Parametric Variation in Bantu, with Particular Reference to Kinyarwanda", Transactions of the Philological Society, 113-2, 2015, pp. 206-231. 6.7 RELIGION Carney, J.J. "Christendom in Crisis: The catholic Church and postcolonial politics in Centra Africa", in Bongmba, Elias Kifon (ed.), Routledge Companion to Christianity in Africa, Routledge, 2015, pp. 365-384. Carney, J.J., "A Generation After Genocide: Catholic Reconciliation in Rwanda" Theological studies, 76-4, 2015, pp. 785-812. Kanyabigega, Silas, Les charismes spirituels: Cas des églises au Rwanda, Internet: CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform, 2015, 72 p. Millard, Mary Weeks, Jesus: hope of the nations, Zaccmedia, 2015, 172 p. Moore, Gary, Jesus, Rwanda and gospel light, Tate Pub & Enterprises, 2015. Nsengimana, Célestin, Peacebuilding initiatives of the Presbyterian Church in post- genocide Rwandan society: an impact assessment, Genève: Globethics, 2015,154 p Weinberg, Ben, "God in Pre- and Post- Genocide Rwanda: Understanding People's Perspectives", Independent Study Project (ISP), Drake University, 2015, 38 p. 6.8 ETHNICITÉ Eramian, L., "Ethnic boundaries in contemporary Rwanda: Fixity, flexibility and their limits", Anthropologica, 57-1, 2015, pp. 93-104. Giblin, John, "Political and theoretical problems for the archaeological identification of pre-colonial Twa, Tutsi and Hutu in Rwanda", in Richard, François; MacDonald, Kevin (eds), Ethnic ambiguity and the African past : materiality, history, and the shaping of cultural identities, Walnut Creek, CA: Left Coast Press, 2015, pp. 217-243. Hartley, Brett, "Rwanda's Post-Genocide Approach to Ethnicity and Its Impact on the Batwa as an Indigenous People: An International Human Rights Law Perspective", QUT Law Review, 15-1, 2015, pp. 51-70. James, Paul, "Despite the Terrors of Typologies", Interventions, 17-2, 2015, pp. 174-195. Mayersen, D., "‘Fraternity in diversity', or ‘feudal fanatics'? Representations of ethnicity in Rwandan presidential rhetoric", Patterns of Prejudice, 49-3, 2015, pp. 249-270. Mugabowagahunde, Maurice, "African Indigenous Heritage in Colonial and Postcolonial Museums : The Case of the Batwa of Africa's Great Lakes Region", in Logan, William; Craith, Máiréad; Kockel, Ullrich (eds), A Companion to Heritage Studies, Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell, 2015, pp. 146-160. Musilikare, Jérémie, La vie des pygmées Batwa au Rwanda, Paris: L'Harmattan, 2015, 288 p. Ndangali, Christophe, Rwanda: ethnies, clans et problèmes socio-politiques, Bruxelles: Editions Scribe, 2015, 536 p. 7.1 SANTÉ PUBLIQUE Abbott, P.; Sapsford, R.; Rwirahira, J., "Rwanda's potential to achieve the millennium development goals for health", World Medical and Health Policy, 7-2, 2015, pp. 101-120. Adedimeji, Adebola; Hoover, Donald; Shi, Qiuhu; et al., "Sexual behavior and risk practices of HIV positive and HIV negative Rwandan women", AIDS and Behavior, 19-7, 2015, pp. 1366-1378. Aoun, N.; Matsuda, H.; Sekiyama, M., "Geographical accessibility to healthcare and malnutrition in Rwanda", Social Science and Medicine, 130, 2015, pp.135-145. Barnabas, Ruanne; Celum, Connie, "ART coverage in Rwanda: successes and remaining challenges", Lancet HIV, 2-5, 2015, pp. 176-177. Binagwaho, Agnes, "Aid Effectiveness: The Experience of Rwanda", in Beracochea, Elvira (ed), Improving Aid Effectiveness in Global Health, Springer, 2015, pp. 197-203. Binagwaho, Agnes; Scott, Kirstin, "Improving the world's health through the post-2015 development agenda: perspectives from Rwanda", International Journal of Health Policy and Management, 4-4, 2015, pp. 203-205. Binagwaho, Agnes; Scott, Kirstin; Rosewall, Thomas; Mackenzie, Graeme; Rehnborg, Gweneth; et al., "Improving eye care in Rwanda", Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 93-6, 2015, pp. 429-434. Bizimana, Jean-Pierre; Twarabamenye, Emmanuel; Kienberger, Stefan, "Assessing the social vulnerability to malaria in Rwanda", Malaria Journal, 14, 2015, article 2. Coors, Marilyn E.; Matthew, Thomas L.; Matthew, Dayna B., "Ethical precepts for medical volunteerism: including local voices and values to guide RHD surgery in Rwanda", Journal of Medical Ethics, 41-10, 2015, pp. 814-819. de Walque, Damien; Gertler, Paul; Bautista-Arredondo, Sergio; et al., "Using provider performance incentives to increase HIV testing and counseling services in Rwanda", Journal of Health Economics, 40, 2015, pp. 1-9. Dhillon, R.; Phillips, J., "State capability and Rwanda's health gains", The Lancet:Global health, 3-6, 2015, pp. e308-310. Do, Mai; Soelaeman, Rieza; Hotchkiss, David, "Explaining inequity in the use of institutional delivery services in selected countries", Maternal and Child Health Journal, 1904, 2015, pp. 755-763. [Ghana, Philippines, Rwanda] Egziabher, Tekle G.; Eugene, Ngoga; Ben, Karenzi; Fredrick, Kateera, "Obstetric fistula management and predictors of successful closure among women attending a public tertiary hospital in Rwanda: a retrospective review of records", BMC Research Notes, 8, 2015, 7 p. DOI: 10.1186/s13104-015-1771-y. Farmer, B.; et al., "Motivations and Constraints to Family Planning: A Qualitative Study in Rwanda's Southern Kayonza District", Global Health, Science and Practice, 3-2, 2015, pp. 242-254. Gros, Jean-Germain, Healthcare Policy in Africa: Institutions and Politics from Colonialism to the Present, Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2015, 302 p Guglielmo, Federica, "Medicalizing violence: victimhood, trauma and corporeality in post-genocide Rwanda", Critical African Studies, 7-2, 2015, pp. 146-163. Gupta, Neil; Munyaburanga, Christian; Mutagoma, Mwumvaneza; et al., "Community- based accompaniment mitigates predictors of negative outcomes for adults on antiretroviral therapy in rural Rwanda", AIDS and Behavior, 2015, DOI: 10.1007/s10461-015-1185-9 Habimana-Kabano, Ignace; Broekhuis, Annelet; Hooimeijer, Pieter, "The Effect of Pregnancy Spacing on Fetal Survival and Neonatal Mortality in Rwanda: A Heckman Selection Analysis", Journal of Biosocial Science, 2015, 16 p., DOI:10.1017/S0021932015000231. Heimer, Jakob; Staudacher, Olga; Steiner, Florian; et al., "Age-dependent decline and association with stunting of Giardia duodenalis infection among schoolchildren in rural Huye district, Rwanda", Acta Tropica, 145, 2015, pp. 17-22. Hillstrom, Scott, "Franchising Can Do More to Stop Child Suffering, Death than WHO, Gates Foundation Combined", Franchising World, 47-6, 2015, pp. 80-82. Hung, Orlando, "Mzungus in Rwanda", Anesthesiology, 122-4, 2015, pp. 947-949. Hutchins, Shelley, "The First -and Only- SLP in Rwanda", ASHA Leader, 20-10, 2015, pp. 24-25 [SLP: speech-language pathologist]. Hynie, Michaela; Umubyeyi, Benoite; Gasanganwa, Marie Claire; et al., "Community resilience and community interventions for post-natal depression: Reflecting on maternal mental health in Rwanda", in Khanlou, Nazilla; Pilkington, Beryl (eds), Women's mental health: Resistance and resilience in community and society, Springer, 2015, pp. 343-356. Ingabire, Chantal; Rulisa, Alexis; Van Kempen, Luuk; et al., "Factors impeding the acceptability and use of malaria preventive measures: implications for malaria elimination in eastern Rwanda", Malaria Journal, 14, 2015, article 136. Ivan, Emil; Crowther, Nigel; Mutimura, Eugene; et al., "Effect of Deworming on Disease Progression Markers in HIV-1-Infected Pregnant Women on Antiretroviral Therapy: A Longitudinal Observational Study From Rwanda", Clinical Infectious Diseases, 60-1, 2015, pp. 135-142. Janeway, H.; Modi, P.; Wanjiku, G.; et al., "Training the trainers in emergency medicine: An advanced trauma training course in Rwanda's medical simulation center", Pan African Medical Journal, 20-1, 2015, DOI:10.11604/pamj.2015.20.242.6358 Johnson, Ana; Mahaffey, Ryan; Egan, Rylan; et al., "Perspectives, perceptions and experiences in postoperative pain management in developing countries: A focus group study conducted in Rwanda", Pain Research & Management, 20-5, 2015, pp. 255-260. Iyer, Hari; Kamanzi, Emmanuel; Mugunga, Jean-Claude; et al., "Improving district facility readiness: a 12-month evaluation of a data-driven health systems strengthening intervention in rural Rwanda", Global Health Action, 8, 2015, article 28365. Kabuyaya, M.; Ssebuufu, R.; Asiimwe-Kateera, B.; Nyundo, M.; Rickard, J., "Gastric outlet obstruction among adult patients at two Rwandan referral hospitals: Etiology, H. pylori infection and outcomes", East & Central African Journal of Surgery, 20-2, 2015, pp. 62-68. Kateera, Fredrick; Ingabire, Chantal; Hakizimana, Emmanuel; et al., "Malaria, anaemia and under-nutrition: three frequently co-existing conditions among preschool children in rural Rwanda", Malaria Journal, 14, 2015, article 440. Kateera, Fredrick; Ingabire, Chantal; Hakizimana, Emmanuel; et al., "Long-lasting insecticidal net source, ownership and use in the context of universal coverage: a household survey in eastern Rwanda", Malaria Journal, 14, 2015, article 390. Kateera, Fredrick; Mens, Petra; Hakizimana, Emmanuel; et al., "Malaria parasite carriage and risk determinants in a rural population: a malariometric survey in Rwanda", Malaria Journal, 14, 2015, article 16. Krumme, Alexis A.; Kaigamba, Felix; Murray, Megan; et al., "Depression, adherence and attrition from care in HIV-infected adults receiving antiretroviral therapy", Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 69-3, 2015, pp. 284-289. Kuhanen, Jan, "‘Deadly gonorrhoea': History, collective memory and early HIV epidemiology in East Central Africa", African Journal of AIDS Research, 14-1, 2015 pp. 85-94. Lannes, Laurence, "Improving health worker performance: The patient-perspective from a PBF program in Rwanda", Social Science & Medicine, 138, 2015, 11 p. DOI: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2015.05.033. Magge, Hema; Anatole, Manzi; Cyamatare, Felix Rwabukwisi; et al., "Mentoring and quality improvement strengthen integrated management of childhood illness implementation in rural Rwanda", Archives of Disease in Childhood, 100-6, 2015, DOI:10.1136/archdischild-2013-305863 Marshall, S.; Edidin, D.; Arena, V.; et al., "Prevalence and incidence of clinically recognized cases of Type1 diabetes in children and adolescents in Rwanda, Africa", Diabetic Medicine, 32-9, 2015, pp. 1186-1192. Marshall, Sara; Edidin, Deborah; Arena, Vincent; et al., "Glucose control in Rwandan youth with type 1 diabetes following establishment of systematic, HbA1c based, care and education", Diabetes Research & Clinical Practice, 107-1, 2015, pp. 113-122. Maurice, John, "Faith-based organisations bolster health care in Rwanda", Lancet, 386- 9989, 2015, pp. 123-124. Mbanjumucyo, Gabin; Devos, Elizabeth; Pulfrey, Simon; et al., "State of emergency medicine in Rwanda 2015: an innovative trainee and trainer model", International Journal of Emergency Medicine, 8-1, 2015, article UNSP 20 Mejia-Guevara, Ivan; Hill, Kenneth; Subramanian, S.; et al., "Service availability and association between mutuelles and medical care usage for under-five children in rural Rwanda: a statistical analysis with repeated cross-sectional data", BMJ Open, 5-9, 2015, e008814. Mitsunaga, Tisha; Hedt-Gauthier, Bethany; Ngizwenayo, Elias; et al., "Data for Program Management: An Accuracy Assessment of Data Collected in Household Registers by Community Health Workers in Southern Kayonza, Rwanda", Journal of Community Health, 40-4, 2015, pp. 625-632. Mody, Gita; Mutabazi, Vincent; Zurovcik, Danielle; et al., "Design, testing, and scale-up of medical devices for global health: negative pressure wound therapy and non- surgical male circumcision in Rwanda", Globalization and Health, 11, 2015, article 20. Moss, Sigrun; Vollhardt, Johanna, "‘You can't give a syringe with unity': Rwandan responses to the government's single recategorization policies", Analyses of Social Issues and Public Policy (ASAP), Wiley-Blackwell, 2015, DOI: 10.1111/asap.12097 Murphy, Michael; Ricks, Alan; Moulton, Annie, "Lessons from Rwanda: Scaling Up Holistic Approaches to Health", in Abendroth, Lisa; Bell, Bryan, Public interest design practice guidebook : SEED methodology, case studies, and critical issues, Hoboken: Taylor & Francis Group, 2016, pp 167-173. Mutabazi, Vincent; Bitega, Jean Paul; Ngeruka, Leon Muyenzi; et al., "Assessing odor level when using PrePex for HIV prevention: A prospective, randomized, open label, blinded assessor trial to improve uptake of male circumcision", PLoS ONE, 10-5, 2015, article e0126664. Musafili, Aimable; Essén, Birgitta; Baribwira, Cyprien; et al., "Social equity in perinatal survival: a case-control study at hospitals in Kigali, Rwanda", Acta Paediatrica, 104-12, 2015, pp. 1233-1240. Nahimana, Evrard; Ngendahayo, Masudi; Magge, Hema; et al., "Bubble CPAP to support preterm infants in rural Rwanda: a retrospective cohort study", BMC Pediatrics, 15, 2015, article 135. Nathan, Lisa; Shi, Quihu; Plewniak, Kari; et al., "Decentralizing Maternity Services to Increase Skilled Attendance at Birth and Antenatal Care Utilization in Rural Rwanda: A Prospective Cohort Study", Maternal and Child Health Journal, 19-9, 2015, pp. 1949-1955. Ndiaye, Pascal; Vanlerberghe, Veerle; Lefèvre, Pierre; Criel, Bart, "Mutuelles de santé en Afrique: caractéristiques et relations contractuelles avec les prestataires de soins pour la prise en charge de la qualité des soins", Global Health Promotion, 2015, 16 p. Ngabo, Fidèle; Levin, Ann; Wang, Susan; et al., "A cost comparison of introducing and delivering pneumococcal, rotavirus and human papillomavirus vaccines in Rwanda", Vaccine, 33-51,2015, pp. 7357-7363. Niragire, Francois; Achia, Thomas; Lyambabaje, Alexandre; et al., "Bayesian Mapping of HIV Infection among Women of Reproductive Age in Rwanda", Plos One, 10-3, 2015, e0119944 Nsanzimana, Sabin; Kanters, Steve; Remera, Eric; et al., "HIV care continuum in Rwanda: a cross-sectional analysis of the national programme", Lancet HIV, 2-5, 2015, pp. 208-215. Nsanzimana, Sabin; Prabhu, Krishna; McDermott, Haley; et al., "Improving health outcomes through concurrent HIV program scale-up and health system development in Rwanda: 20 years of experience", BMC Medicine,13, 2015, article 216. Nsanzimana, Sabin; Remera, Eric; Kanters, Steve; et al., "Life expectancy among HIV- positive patients in Rwanda: a retrospective observational cohort study", Lancet Global Health, 3-3, 2015, pp. 169-177. Ntirenganya, Cyprien; Manzi, Olivier; Muvunyi, Claude; et al., "High Prevalence of Antimicrobial Resistance Among Common Bacterial Isolates in a Tertiary Healthcare Facility in Rwanda", American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 92-4, 2015, pp. 865-870. O'Connell, Thomas; Bedford, Juliet; Thiede, Michael; McIntyre, Di, "Synthesizing qualitative and quantitative evidence on non-financial access barriers: implications for assessment at the district level", International Journal for Equity in Health, 14-1, 2015, 13p. DOI: 10.1186/s12939-015-0181-z Ondoa, Pascale; Gautam, Raju; Rusine, John; et al., "Twelve-Month Antiretroviral Therapy Suppresses Plasma and Genital Viral Loads but Fails to Alter Genital Levels of Cytokines, in a Cohort of HIV-Infected Rwandan Women", PLoS ONE, 10-5, 2015, 16p. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.012720 Pace, Lydia; Mpunga, Tharcisse; Hategekimana, Vedaste; et al., "Delays in Breast Cancer Presentation and Diagnosis at Two Rural Cancer Referral Centers in Rwanda", Oncologist, 20-7, 2015, pp. 780-788. Pafs, Jessica; Musafili, Aimable; Binder-Finnema, Pauline; et al., "They would never receive you without a husband': Paradoxical barriers to antenatal care scale-up in Rwanda", Midwifery, 31-12, pp. 1149-1156. Prata, N; et al., "Assessing abortion service provision in Rwanda since the Penal Code Revision of 2012", Contraception, 92-4, 2015, pp. 374-382 Richters, A., "Enhancing family and community resilience and wellbeing across the generations: The contribution of community-based sociotherapy in post-genocide rwanda", International Journal of Emergency Mental Health, 17-3, 2015, pp. 661-663. Rosman, D; Nshizirungu, J.; Rudakemwa, E.; et al., "Imaging in the Land of 1000 Hills: Rwanda Radiology Country Report", Journal of Global Radiology, 1-1, 2015, article 5, DOI: 10.7191/jgr.2015.1004 Rulisa, Stephen; Umuziranenge, Immaculee; Small, Maria; et al., "Maternal near miss and mortality in a tertiary care hospital in Rwanda", BMC Pregnancy And Childbirth, 15, 2015, article 203. Rutanga, Claude; Lorance, David; Oeltmann, John; et al., "Latent Tuberculosis Infection and Associated Factors among Health Care Workers in Kigali, Rwanda", Plos One, 10-4, 2015, e0124485. Rwanda Journal, Series F: Medicine and Health Sciences, 2-1, 2015: Mukanyangezi, M.; et al., "Determination of Isoniazid Acetylator Phenotype and its Clinical Implication in Rwandan Tuberculosis Patients", pp. 6-12. M Mukeshimana, M.; et al., "The knowledge and practice of self-care management among patients attending a diabetes clinic in Kigali, Rwanda", pp. 24-30. Nzitakera, A.; et al., "Assessment of the inter-rater reliability of the microscopic diagnosis of malaria in three Health Centres of Kayonza District, Eastern Province, Rwanda", pp. 42-46. Asingizwe, D.; et al., "Malaria elimination practices in rural community residents in Rwanda: A cross sectional study", pp. 53-59. Walker, T.; Musabeyezu, E., "Hepatitis B in Rwanda: Closing the gaps to end an epidemic", Iyamuremye, J.; White, R., "Integrated Care Model Developed by the Rwanda Biomedical Center for Decentralization of Psychological Interventions during Commemoration of Genocide against Tutsi in Rwanda", pp. 80-84. Nditunze, L.; et al., "Assessment of Essential Medicines Stock-Outs at Health Centers in Burera District in Northern Rwanda", pp. 85-88. Asiimwe-Kateera, B.; et al., "Analysis: Mobile Health Approaches to Non-Communicable Diseases in Rwanda", pp. 89-92. Cubaka, V.; et al., "Lessons from the field: Transforming health professionals' education in Rwanda: Contributions from Social and Community Medicine", pp. 93-95. Flinkenflogel, M.; et al., "Umuganda for improved health professions education in Rwanda: Past, present and future in the training of health professionals at the University of Rwanda", pp. 96-99. Sarriot, Eric; et al., "A causal loop analysis of the sustainability of integrated community case management in Rwanda", Social Science & Medicine, 131, 2015, pp. 147-155. Sebera, Fidele; Munyandamutsa, Naasson; Teuwen, Dirk; et al., "Addressing the treatment gap and societal impact of epilepsy in Rwanda", Epilepsy & Behavior, 46, 2015, pp. 126-132. Sibomana, Grégoire, Towards Realizing the Human Right to Health Care for Rwandans The contribution of Community-Based Health Insurance Schemes (CBHI) for Rural Communities, Saarbrücken: LAP Lambert, 2015. Sinayobye, Jean; Hoover, Donald; Shi, Qiuhu; et al., "Prevalence of shingles and its association with PTSD among HIV-infected women in Rwanda", BMJ Open, 5-3, 2015, DOI:10.1136/bmjopen-2014-005506 Skiles, Martha Priedeman; Curtis, Sian; Basinga, Paulin; et al., "The effect of performance-based financing on illness, care-seeking and treatment among children: an impact evaluation in Rwanda", BMC Health Services Research, 15-1, 2015, 11 p. DOI: 10.1186/s12913-015-1033-7 Stulac, Sara; Binagwaho, Agnes; Tapela, Neo M.; et al., "Capacity building for oncology programmes in sub-Saharan Africa: the Rwanda experience" Lancet Oncology, 16-8, 2015, pp. 405-413. Taylor, Christopher, "Ihahamuka: An Indigenous Medical Condition among Rwandan Genocide Survivors", Oxford Handbooks on Line, 2015, DOI: 10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199935420.013.51 Thogarapalli, Nandini; Mkandawire, Paul; Rulisa, Stephen; Luginaah, Isaac, "Investigating the association between pregnancy intention and insecticide-treated bed net (ITN) use: A cross-sectional study of pregnant women in Rwanda", Journal of Public Health, 23-4, 2015, pp. 241-248. Tsai, Alexander, "Socioeconomic gradients in internalized stigma among 4,314 persons with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa", AIDS and Behavior, 19-2, 2015, pp. 270-282. Urimubenshi, Gerard, "Activity limitations and participation restrictions experienced by people with stroke in Musanze district in Rwanda", African Health Sciences, 15-3, 2015, pp. 917-924. Uwamariya, Josée; Nyandwi, Jean; Mukanyangezi, Marie; Kadima, Justin, "Sexual Activity and Emergency Contraception among Female Students in the University of Rwanda", International Journal of Tropical Disease & Health, 8-4, 2015, pp. 170-177. Vlassoff, Michael; Musange, Sabine; et al., "The Health System Cost of Post-abortion Care in Rwanda", Health Policy and Planning, 30-2, 2015, pp. 223-233. Washington, Blair; Raker, Christina; Kabeja, George; et al., "Demographic and delivery characteristics associated with obstetric fistula in Kigali, Rwanda", International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics, 129-1, 2015, pp. 34-37, DOI: 10.1016/j.ijgo.2014.09.033. Wong, Evan; Ntakiyiruta, Georges; Rousseau, Mathieu; et al., "Acute care surgery in Rwanda: Operative epidemiology and geographic variations in access to care", Surgery, 158-1, 2015, pp. 37-43. 7.2 SANTÉ MENTALE Bell, Sue; Lori, Jody; Redman, Richard; Seng, Julia, "Development of a brief screening tool for women's mental health assessment in refugee settings: A psychometric evaluation", International Journal of Nursing Studies, 52-7, 2015, pp. 1202-1208. Bennett, Carole, "Resilience and recovery: mental health care in post conflict Rwanda", in Harlan, Christina (ed), Global health nursing : narratives from the field, New York: Springer Publishing Company, 2015. Blackie, L.; Jayawickreme, E.; Forgeard, M; Jayawickreme, N., "The protective function of personal growth initiative among a genocide-affected population in Rwanda", Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy, 7-4, 2015, pp. 333-339. d'Ardenne, P.; Kiyendeye, M., "An initial exploration of the therapeutic impact of music on genocide orphans in Rwanda", British Journal of Guidance and Counselling, 43-5, 2015, pp. 559-569. Eytan, A.; Munyandamutsa, N.; Nkubamugisha, P.; Gex-Fabry, M., "Long-term mental health outcome in post-conflict settings: Similarities and differences between Kosovo and Rwanda", The International Journal of Social Psychiatry, 61-4, 2015, pp.363-372. Fodor, K.; Pozen, J.; Ntaganira, J.; Sezibera, V.; Neugebauer, R., "The factor structure of posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms among Rwandans exposed to the 1994 genocide: A confirmatory factor analytic study using the PCL-C", Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 32, 2015, pp. 8-16. Foster, Holly; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne, "Children's exposure to community and war violence and mental health in four African countries", Social Science & Medicine, 146, 2015, pp 292-299. Gasibirege, Simon; Van Billoen, Salomé; Digneffe, Françoise, "Santé mentale communautaire et justice pénale: le cas des violences sexuelles massives", Criminologie, 48-1, 2015, pp. 143-163. Gatarayiha, Froduald; Baro, Franz; Wagenfeld, Morton; Stockman, Rene, "The Development of Mental Health Services in Sub-Saharan Africa: The Case of Rwanda", The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare, 18-2, 2015, pp 25-40. Gex-Fabry, Marianne; Nkubamugisha, Paul; Munyandamutsa, Naasson; Eytan, Ariel, "Long-term mental health outcome in post-conflict settings: Similarities and differences between Kosovo and Rwanda", International Journal of Social Psychiatry, 61-4, 2015, pp. 363-372. Gobodo-Madikizela, Pumla, "Psychological Repair: The Intersubjective Dialogue of Remorse and Forgiveness in the Aftermath of Gross Human Rights Violations", Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 63-6, 2015, pp. 1085-1123. Heenen-Wolff, Susann; Fohn, Adeline, "Secrecy and the denial of trauma", in Levitt, Cyril (ed), Hostile and malignant prejudice: Psychoanalytic approaches, Karnac Books, 2015, pp. 87-116. Iyamuremye, Jean-Damascene; Brysiewicz, Petra, "The development of a model for dealing with secondary traumatic stress in mental health workers in Rwanda", Health SA Gesondheid, 20-1, 2015, pp. 59-65. Jansen, Stefan; White, Ross; Hogwood, Jenna; et al., "The ‘treatment gap' in global mental health reconsidered: sociotherapy for collective trauma in Rwanda", European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 6, 2015, article 28706. Ng, Lauren; et al., "Risk and protective factors for suicidal ideation and behaviour in Rwandan children", The British journal of psychiatry: the journal of mental science, 2015 Sep; 207(3): 262-268. Ng, Lauren; Ahishakiye, Naphtal; Miller, Donald; et al., "Life after genocide: Mental health, education, and social support of orphaned survivors", International Perspectives in Psychology: Research, Practice, Consultation, 4-2, 2015, pp. 83-97. Ng, Lauren; Ahishakiye, Naphtal; Miller, Donald; Meyerowitz, Beth, "Narrative characteristics of genocide testimonies predict posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms years later", Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, 7-3, 2015, pp. 303-311. Rugema, Lawrence; Krantz, Gunilla; Mogren, Ingrid; et al., "‘A constant struggle to receive mental health care': health care professionals' acquired experience of barriers to mental health care services in Rwanda", BMC Psychiatry, 15, 2015, Article 314. Rugema, Lawrence; Mogren, Ingrid; Ntaganira, Joseph; Krantz, Gunilla, "Traumatic episodes and mental health effects in young men and women in Rwanda, 17 years after the genocide", BMJ Open, 5-6, 2015, e006778. Smith, Stephanie; Grelotti, David; Fils-Aime, Reginald; et al., "Catatonia in resource- limited settings: A case series and treatment protocol", General Hospital Psychiatry, 37-1, 2015, pp. 89-93. Unterhitzenberger, Johanna; Rosner, Rita, "Preliminary Evaluation of a Prolonged Grief Questionnaire for Adolescents", OMEGA: Journal of Death and Dying, 2015, 9 p. DOI: 10.1177/0030222815598046 Wroe, Emily; Hedt-Gauthier, Bethany; Franke, Molly; et al., "Depression and patterns of self-reported adherence to antiretroviral therapy in Rwanda", International Journal of STD & AIDS, 26-4, 2015, pp. 257-261. 8.1 GACACA; TRANSITIONAL JUSTICE; DROIT RWANDAIS Breed, Ananda, "Resistant Acts In Post-Genocide Rwanda", in Flynn, Alex; Tinius, Jonas (eds), Anthropology, theatre and development : the transformative potential of performance, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015. Chakravarty, Anuradha, Investing in authoritarian rule: punishment and patronage in Rwanda's Gacaca courts for genocide crimes, Cambridge, UK/New York: Cambridge University Press, 2015, 390 p. Doughty, Kristin, Remediation of Rwanda : harmony and punishment in grassroots legal forums, Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2016. Doughty, Kristin, "Law and the architecture of social repair: gacaca days in post-genocide Rwanda", Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, 21-2, 2015, pp. 419-437. Eide, Trine; Suhrke, Astri, "Rwanda: Some Peace, no Democracy, and the Complex Role of Transitional Justice", in Skaar, Elin, Malca, Camila, Eide, Trine (eds), After violence: transitional justice, peace, and democracy, Abingdon, UK : Routledge; Taylor & Francis, 2015, pp. 125-148. Goldhaber, Michael, "Witnesses to Justice: Confronting the Rwandan Genocide", American Lawyer, 37-10, 2015, pp. 76-78. Goodmark, Leigh, "Law and Justice Are Not Always the Same: Creating Community- Based Justice Forums for People Subjected to Intimate Partner Abuse", Florida State University Law Review, 42, 2015, pp. 707-763. Hankel, Gerd, "Gacaca Courts in Rwanda: Experiences and Perspectives", in Cante, Fredy; Quehl, Hartmut (eds), Handbook of Research on Transitional Justice and Peacebuilding in Turbulent Regions, Hershey, PA: IGI Global, 2015, pp 218-229. Hawes, Leonard, A new philosophy of social conflict: mediating collective trauma and transitional justice, London/New York: Bloomsbury Academic, 2015, 222 p. Huls, Nick, Rwanda: een rechtsstaat in de mist: een rechtssociologische analyse, Den Haag: Boom Juridische uitgevers, 2015, 38 p. Kivoi, Douglas; Wakesho, Eileen, Informal Justice Mechanisms and Formal Courts in Kenya: Lessons from the Gacaca system in Rwanda, Saarbrücken: LAP Lambert, 2015, 56 p. Macdonald, Anna, "From the ground up: What does the evidence tell us about local experiences of transitional justice?", Transitional Justice Review, 1-3, 2015, pp. 72-121. Moutsatsi, Chancelle Bilampassi, Processus de Justice Transitionnelle: Cas du Rwanda, Saarbrücken: Éditions universitaires européennes, 2015, 196 p. Nyirubugara, Olivier, "L'anatomie du système judiciaire au Rwanda selon Victoire Ingabire", Internet: Janbonnews, 26 octobre 2015, 6 p. Palmer, Nicola Frances, Courts in conflict: interpreting the layers of justice in post- genocide Rwanda, New York: Oxford University Press, 2015, 238 p. Raiten, Jesse, "Lessons of the Gacaca", JAMA: Journal of the American Medical Association, 314-5, 2015, pp. 451-452. Schotsmans, Martien, "Official hybridisation of tradition: a case study on Rwanda", in Brems, Eva; Corradi, Giselle; Schotsmans, Martien (eds), International actors and traditional justice in Sub-Saharan Africa: Policies and interventions in transitional justice and justice sector aid, Cambridge, UK: Intersentia, 2015, pp. 55-70. Sirkin, Susannah, "A Grave on the Road to Justice in Rwanda", Physicians For Human Skaar, Elin; Malca, Camila; Trine, Eide, After violence: transitional justice, peace and democracy, New York: Routledge, 2015, 218 p. Sullo, Pietro, "Punishing Mass Atrocities: Penological Developments in the Aftermath of the Rwandan Genocide", in Fijalkowski, Agata; Grosescu, Raluca (eds), Transitional criminal justice in post-dictatorial and post-conflict societies, Cambridge, UK: Intersentia, 2015, pp. 209-230. Sungi, Simeon, Dealing with international crimes in Africa: when are indigenous justice systems better than criminal trials?, Lewiston, NY: Edwin Mellen Press, 2015, 226 p. Taylor, Christopher, "Rwanda's Gacaca trials: toward a new nationalism or business as usual?", in Hinton, Devon; Hinton, Alexander Laban (eds), Genocide and mass violence: memory, symptom, and recovery, New York: Cambridge University Press, 2015. Tirrell, Lynne, "Transitional justice in post-genocide Rwanda: an integrative approach", in Corradetti, Claudio; Eisikovits, Nir; Rotondi, Jack Volpe (eds), Theorizing transitional justice, Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2015, pp. 237-250. Umukunzi, Marie, "1 Rwandaise sur 4 en prison pour avortement illégal", Internet: Jambonnews, 19 octobre 2015, 3 p. Utazirubanda, Gad, La responsabilité civile des administrateurs d'une ASBL au Rwanda, Saarbrücken: Presses Académiques Francophones, 2015. 8.2 TPIR/ICTR Agnew, Alison, "Acquittals in Mugenzi & Mugiraneza v. Prosecutor Contribute To the Weak Legacy of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda", Boston College International and Comparative Law Review, 38-3, E-Supp., article 2, 2015, 15 p. Anderson, Terence; Twining, William, "Evidential reasoning in the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda: a case study of Tharcisse Muvunyi", Criminal Law Forum, 26-3/4, 2015, pp. 373-385. Bachmann, Klaus; Fatić, Aleksandar, The UN International Criminal Tribunals: Transition without Justice?, New York: Routledge, 2015, 306 p. Capaldo, Giuliana Ziccardi; Global Community, The Global Community yearbook of international law and jurisprudence 2013, Volumes I and II, New York: Oxford University Press, 2015. Chazal, Nerida, The International Criminal Court and Global Social Control: International Criminal Justice in Late Modernity, New York: Routledge, 2015, 174 p. Coomaraswamy, Radhika, "Women and Children: The Cutting Edge of International Law", American University International Law Review, 30-1, 2015, pp. 1-41. Cummings-John, Tamara, "Justice and gender : prosecuting gender-based and sexual violence crimes at the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and the Special Court for Sierra Leone", in Jalloh, Charles; Elias, Olufemi; Koroma, Abdul (eds), Shielding humanity : essays in international law in honour of Judge Abdul G. Koroma, Leiden/Boston: Brill Nijhoff, 2015, pp 379-405. Cupido, Marjolein, Facts Matter: A Study into the Casuistry of Substantive International Criminal Law, The Hague: Eleven International Publishing, 2015, 228 p. Davidson, Caroline, "Explaining Inhumanity: The Use of Crime-Definition Experts at International Criminal Courts", Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law, 48-2, 2015, pp. 359-426. Diakité, Kémoko, La justice pénale internationale en Afrique: aspects juridiques, défis et perspectives, Paris: L'Harmattan, 2015, 234 p. Egounlety, Liliane, Le système de preuve devant le TPIR, Saarbrücken: Éditions universitaires européennes, 2015. Eltringham, Nigel, "'When we Walk Out, What was it all About?': Views on New Beginnings from within the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda", in Anders, Gerhard; Zenker, Olaf (eds), Transition and justice: negotiating the terms of new beginnings in Africa, Chichester, UK: Wiley Blackwell, 2015, ch. 8. Eltringham, Nigel, "Rescuing (cosmopolitan) locals at the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda", Internet: Allegra, 21 January 2015, 5 p. Fairlie, Megan, "Alternate Judges as Sine Qua Nons for International Criminal Trials", Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law, 48-1, 2015, pp. 67-122. Frulli, Micaela, "The Contribution of International Criminal Tribunals to the Development of International Law: The Prominence of opinio juris and the Moralization of Customary Law", Law & Practice of International Courts & Tribunals, 14-1, 2015, pp. 80-93. Gozani, Dafna, "Beginning to Learn How to End: Lessons on Completion Strategies, Residual Mechanisms, and Legacy Considerations from Ad Hoc International Criminal Tribunals to the International Criminal Court", Loyola of Los Angeles International & Comparative Law Review, 36-3, 2015, pp. 331-381. Hayden, Patrick; Kappos, Katerina, "Current Developments at the Ad Hoc International Criminal Tribunals", Journal of International Criminal Justice, 13-2, 2015, pp. 373-407. Jalloh, Charles; Morgan, Andrew, "International Criminal Justice Processes in Rwanda and Sierra Leone: Lessons for Liberia", in Jalloh, Charles; Olufemi, Elias (eds), Shielding humanity: essays in international law in honour of Judge Abdul G. Koroma, Leiden/Boston: Brill Nijhoff, 2015, pp 447-509. Jalloh, Charles; Morgan, Andrew, "The case for a modest assessment of the international criminal justice processes in Rwanda, Sierra Leone, and some lessons for Liberia", Africa Development, 40-2, 2015, pp. 191-256 Jallow, Hassan Bubacar, "Rule 11 bis : the ICTR legacy in Rwanda", in Majinge, Charles Riziki (ed), The Rule of law through human rights and international criminal justice: essays in honour of Adama Dieng, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2015, pp. 106-127. Jallow, Hassan Bubacar, "Prosecuting International crimes in Africa: Lessons from Rwanda and reflections on the future", Africa Development, 40-2, 2015, pp. 177-190. Joensen, Vagn; Stefanelli, Joe, "The impact of the International Criminal Tribunal of Rwanda on the rule of law in Rwanda", in The Rule of law through human rights and international criminal justice: essays in honour of Adama Dieng, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2015, pp. 82-104 Jurasz, Olga, "About justice that is yet to come: a few remarks about the international pursuit of post-conflict gender justice", Journal of Gender Studies, 24-1, 2015, pp. 56-69. Killingsworth, Matt, "Limiting the use of force: the ICTY, ICTR and ICC", in Killingsworth, Matt; Sussex, Matthew (eds), Violence and the State, Manchester, UK: Manchester University Press, 2015, pp 183-204 Koller, David, "The global as local: the limits and possibilities of integrating international and transitional justice", in De Vos, Christian; Kendall, Sara; Stahn, Carsten (eds), Contested Justice The Politics and Practice of International Criminal Court Interventions, Cambridge University Press, 2015, pp. 85-105. Lingaas, Carola, "The Elephant in the Room: The Uneasy Task of Defining ‘Racial' in International Criminal Law", International Criminal Law Review, 15-3, 2015, pp. 485-516. Mahony, Chris, "The Justice Pivot: U.S. International Criminal Law Influence from Outside The Rome Statute", Georgetown Journal of International Law, 46-4, 2015, pp. 1071-1134. McDermott, Yvonne, "The ICTR's fact-finding legacy: lessons for the future of proof in international criminal trials", Criminal Law Forum, 26-3/4, 2015, pp. 351-372. Mochochoko, Phakiso, "The experience of the office of the prosecutor of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda concerning arrest strategies and lessons learnt for the office of the prosecutor of the International Criminal Court", in Jalloh, Charles; Marong, Alhagi; Jallow, Hassan (eds), Promoting accountability under international law for gross human rights violations in Africa : essays in honour of prosecutor Hassan Bubacar Jallow, Leiden/Boston: Brill Nijhoff, 2015. Møse, Erik, "Internasjonale straffedomstoler, særlig Rwanda-domstolen", Jussens Venner, 50-1/2, 2015, pp. 72-80. Ngane, Sylvia Ntube, The position of witnesses before the international criminal court, Leiden/Boston: Brill Nijhoff, 2015, 418 p. Parker, James, Acoustic Jurisprudence: Listening to the Trial of Simon Bikindi, Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 2015, 272 p. Sadat, Leila, "The legacy of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda", in Majinge, Charles Riziki (ed), The Rule of law through human rights and international criminal justice: essays in honour of Adama Dieng, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2015, pp. 128-140. Savadogo, Raymond Ouigou, "Après que justice soit rendue: La réinstallation des acquittés des juridictions pénales internationales dans des États tiers", International Criminal Law Review, 15-6, 2015, pp. 989-1039. Sluiter, Göran, "Ad hoc international criminal tribunals (Yugoslavia, Rwanda, Sierra Leone)", in Schabas, William (ed), The Cambridge companion to international criminal law, Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2015. Soufi, Johann; Maurice, Sophie, "Structure, Functions and Initial Achievements of the Mechanism for International Criminal Tribunals (MICT)", International Criminal Law Review, 15-3, 2015, pp. 544-564. Swigart, Leigh, "African languages in international criminal justice: the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and beyond", in Jalloh, Charles; Marong, Alhagi; Jallow, Hassan (eds), Promoting accountability under international law for gross human rights violations in Africa : essays in honour of prosecutor Hassan Bubacar Jallow, Leiden/ Boston: Brill Nijhoff, 2015. Van den Herik, L.; Van Sliedregt, E., "Ten years later, the Rwanda Tribunal still faces legal complexities: some comments on the indictment, complicity in genocide, and the nexus requirement for war crimes", Leiden Journal of International Law, 17-3, 2015, pp. 537-557. Vidal, Claudine, "Le fait d'‘entente en vue de commettre le génocide': entre le judiciaire et l'historique au Rwanda", in Reyntjens, Filip; Vandeginste, S.; Verpoorten, M. (eds), L'Afrique des Grands Lacs: Annuaire 2014-1015, Antwerp: UPA University Press Antwerp, 2015, pp. 269-286. Wilson, Richard, "Inciting Genocide with Words", Michigan Journal of International Law, 36-2, 2015, pp. 277-320. Windridge, Oliver, "Assessing circumstantial evidence and inference at the ICTR", Criminal Law Forum, 26-3/4, 2015, pp. 403-418. LITTÉRATURE; FILM 9.1 LITTÉRATURE; LITTÉRATURE JUVÉNILE; RÉCITS DE VOYAGE; CRITIQUE LITTÉRAIRE Adam, Jean-Marie, Rwanda 1994: Dieu est bon, Cork: Primento Digital, 2015 (roman) Apol, Laura; Project Muse, Requiem, Rwanda, East Lansing, MI: Michigan State University Press, [2007] 2015, 121 p. (poésie) Bamurangirwa, Patricia, Patriotism, Kibworth Beauchamp, UK: Matador, [2015] (poésie) Benaron, Naomi, Courir sur la faille, Paris: 10-18, 2015, 522 p. (traduction de Running the Rift, Algonquin Books, 2012) (roman) Bitek, Juliane Okot, 100 days, Edmonton, Canada: The University of Alberta Press, 2016. Hall, Katori, Our lady of Kibeho New York: Dramatists Play Service, 2015. (théâtre) Kayitesi-Jozan, Annick, "Prière pour les vivants", Le Coq-héron, 221-2, 2015, pp. 83-94. Masurovsky, Marc, "Letter from Nyamata genocide memorial, outside Kigali, Rwanda"; "Rwanda: Art in a post-genocide society", Internet: Plundered Art, March 2015. Recker, Alice Shy, The Elusive Gems: Beatrice Chandler Mysteries, CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform, 2015, 320 p (roman) Ruggeri, Christiana, Dall'inferno si ritorna: la storia vera di Bibi, a cinque anni in fuga dal Ruanda, Firenze/Milano: Giunti, 2015, 236 p. (roman) Russo, Albert, Des princes et des dieux: Hutus et Tutsis, un destin commun, Boulogne- Billancourt: Ginkgo, 2015, 244 p. (roman) Toch, Nicole, Mémoire d'un autre temps au Rwanda, Paris: Société des Écrivains, 2015, Tome 1, 66 p. Tome 2, 74 p. Umubyeyi Mairesse, Beata, Ejo: nouvelles, Ciboure: la Cheminante, 2015, 141 p. Urban, Ken, Sense of an ending, London: Bloomsbury, 2015, 73 p. (théâtre) Perriot, Vincent, Paci 3 Rwanda, Paris: Dargaud, 2015, 88 p (bande dessinée) Littérature juvénile Dakers, Diane, Dian Fossey: animal rights activist and protector of mountain gorillas, New York: Crabtree Publishing, 2015. Franklin, Carolyn, Gorilla journal, Mankato, MN: Book House, 2015. Hache, Brigitte; Celej, Zuzanna, Dian Fossey: l'ange gardien des gorilles, Paris: À dos d'âne, 2015, 45 p. Johannsen, Jesko; Blomén, Viktoria, Simon au Rwanda: le départ, Books on Demand Editions, 2015, 32 p. Min, Soo Hyeon; Nille, Peggy, The drummer boy, Chicago: Norwood House Press, 2015. Récits de voyage Chapman, Justin, Saturnalia: Traveling from Cape Town to Kampala in Search of an African Utopia, New York: Rare Bird Books, 2015. Ferguson, Will, Road trip Rwanda: a journey into the new heart of Africa, Toronto: Viking, 2015, 360 p. Kent, Geoffrey, Safari: a memoir of a worldwide travel pioneer, New York: Harper Collins, 2015, 329 p. Prudhomme, Florence, Rwanda, l'art de se reconstruire, Boulogne-Billancourt: HD ateliers Henry Dougier, 2015, 96 p. Richardson, Mark, "Living is risky", in Kroeker, Jeremy (ed), Motorcycle Messengers Tales from the Road by Writers Who Ride, Los Gatos: Smashwords Edition, 2015. Sánchez-Ariño, Tony, Between the Congo River and the White Nile, Long Beach, CA: Safari Press, 2015, 330 p. Critique littéraire Arino, Marc, "Du témoignage à la fiction: représentations de la violence du génocide rwandais dans les récits de Jean Hatzfeld et Un dimanche à la piscine à Kigali de Gil Courtemanche" TrOPICS, 2, 2015, pp. 323-338. Breed, Ananda, "Gender-based violence and human rights: participatory theatre in post- genocide Rwanda", in Morin, Emilie; Luckhurst, Mary (eds), Theatre and human rights after 1945: things unspeakable, New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015. Brinker, Virginie, "Écrire la génocide des Tutsi au Rwanda : la nouvelle, un genre propice?", in Ozwald, Thierry; Bauer, Thomas (eds), La nouvelle francophone : marginalités, identités, singularités : actes du colloque de Limoges, 13 mai 2014, Paris: Eurédit, 2015 de Beer, Anna-Marie; Snyman, Elisabeth, "Shadows of life, death and survival in the aftermath of the Rwandan genocide", Tydskrif vir letterkunde, 52-1, 2015, pp. 113-130 Dinesh, Nandita, "In-between spaces: theatrical explorations from Rwanda to Kashmir", South African Theatre Journal, 28-1, 2015, pp. 43-57 Fisher, Jonathan, "Writing about Rwanda since the Genocide: Knowledge, Power and ‘Truth'", Journal of intervention and statebuilding, 9-1, 2015, pp. 134-145. Grieder, Andrea, "Rwanda: healing and the Aesthetics of Poetry", in Kaur, Raminder; Dave-Mukherji, Parul (eds), Art and aesthetics in a globalizing world, London: Bloomsbury Academic, 2015, pp. 135-149. Hitchcott, Nicki, Rwanda genocide stories: fiction after 1994, Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 2015. 239 p. Laurent, Caroline, "Le Génocide rwandais: l'écrivain-témoin indirect comme "donneur d'échos" dans Moisson de crânes de Waberi", Nouvelles Études Francophones, 30-1, 2015, pp. 79-90. Mizouni , Sophia, "Triple posture testimoniale de Véronique Tadjo dans L'Ombre d'Imana:Voyages jusqu'au bout du Rwanda", Nouvelles Études Francophones, 30-1, 2015, pp. 66-78. Montesano, Michael, "Preemptive Testimony: Literature as Witness to Genocide in Rwanda", African Conflict & Peacebuilding Review, 5-1, 2015, pp. 88-105 Nottage, Lynn, "Where the Spirit Moves", American Theatre, 32-2, 2015, pp. 66-67. Schrowange, Claus, Art and conscientization: forum theatre in Uganda, Rwanda, DR Congo, and South Sudan, Stuttgart: Ibidem-Verlag, 2015, 133 p. Tembo, N., "Paranoia,Chosen trauma and Forgiveness in Leah Chishugi's A Long Way from Paradise", English Academy Review, 32-2, 2015, pp. 70-87. Veld, Laurike in't, "Introducing the Rwandan Genocide from a distance: American noir and the animal metaphor in 99 Days", Journal of Graphic Novels and Comics, 6-2, 2015, pp. 138-153. Willis, Emma, "A Thousand Hills: Responding to the Ethical Nightmare", Australasian Drama Studies, 66, 2015, pp. 131-154. 9.2 FILM Rising From Ashes, T. C. Johnstone, 2015, 80 m. Rwanda & Juliet, Ben Proudfoot, 2015, 88 m. Tours cyclistes en Afrique: Érythrée, Rwanda, Sénégal, Denis Chabroullet, 2015, 104 m. Critique De Groof , Matthias, "Images & animation: introduction au cinéma d'animation en République Démocratique de Congo, au Rwanda et au Burundi", Historical Journal of Film, Radio and Television, 35-3, 2015, pp. 519-521. Landsberg, Alison, "Politics and the Historical Film: Hotel Rwanda and the Form of Engagement", in Rosenstone, Robert; Parvulescu, Constantin (eds), A Companion to the Historical Film, Chichester, UK: Wiley-Blackwell, 2015, pp 11-29. Lopes, Ramiro; Caio, Henrique, "Hotel Ruanda: variações sobre direitos humanos, exceção e biopolítica", Reflexión Política, 17-33, 2015, pp. 20-36. Woldemariam, Metasebia; Hart, Kylo-Patrick, "Media, genocide and Hotel Rwanda", in Carpentier, Nino (ed), Culture, Trauma, and Conflict: Cultural Studies Perspectives on War, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2015, pp. 71-88.

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from Lester R. Brown, Eco-Economy: Building an Economy for the Earth (W. W. Norton & Co., NY: 2001) © 2001 Earth Policy Institute®. All Rights Reserved. Stabilizing Population by Reducing Fertility by Reducing Fertility World population has more than doubled since 1950. Those bornbefore 1950 are members of the first generation in history to wit-ness such a doubling during their lifetime. Stated otherwise, morepeople have been added to the world's population since 1950 thanduring the 4 million preceding years since we first stood upright.1

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